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World War II Britian

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The Home Front Research Assignment Evacuation Evacuation was the activity British people had used to protect small children from any attacks from the Germans. Fathers had to leave their children with their mothers or teachers ("minders") to ensure the safety of their child. They were sent to places, which were unlikely to be bombed by Nazis. Gas Masks Gas masks were issued to all British civilians at the start of World War Two. There was a very real fear in Britain that the Nazi party, German bombers would drop poison gas bombs like chemicals such as chlorine. Therefore, all civilians were issued with gas masks. Air Raid Precautions * Barrage Balloons To prevent the new Luftwaffe (German plane) from raiding and bombing in pinpoint accuracy, the Air Raid Precautions (ARP) put up huge barrage balloons. Each balloon was moored to a wagon by a cable. These cables were strong enough to destroy any aircraft colliding with them. The balloons achieved the main objective of discouraging dive bombing and low-level attacks. * Sandbags Sandbags were also another of the ARP, they were stacked high in the doorways of important buildings, used inside basement shelters to protect civilians from falling bricks of damaged walls. Sandbags were even used to protect the famous Eros statue in the middle of Piccadilly Circus * Window Tape Cellulose was the material used for window tape. ...read more.


Herbert Morrison. The Morrison shelter was approximately 6 feet 6 inches (2m) long, 4 feet (1.2m) wide and 2 feet 6 inches (0.75m) high. * The Tube On September 21, 1940 the London Underground started to be used as an air raid shelter. On the busiest night in 1940, 177,000 people slept on platforms. Many bought sandwiches, thermos flasks, pillows and blankets. The Home Guard On 14th May 1940 the government was in desperation for defending their country and a real risk of invasion. Churchill had broadcasted messages to form the home guard. The men were given military style training and, at first, they had no uniforms and little equipment. The public were invited to give their shotguns and pistols to the Home Guard and within a few months over 20,000 weapons were handed in. Many of the men made their own weapons too. The government was expecting 150,000 men to volunteer for the Home Guard. But at the end of July there were over one million men. Land Girls Before World War 2 women were expected to be housewives but that had changed life for women forever during the Second World War. When men went to fight, women were called upon to fill their jobs, and this included many jobs that were previously thought of unsuitable for women. ...read more.


Make do and Mend Women were encouraged to repair and remake their family's old clothes. Old curtains were cut up to make skirts and dresses. Unwanted jumpers were unravelled and knitted into something else. Make up and stockings were hard to come by. Some women would draw a line down the back of each leg and pretend they were wearing stockings. Women weren't allowed any fancy things they just made things from what ever they could use. Salvage Housewives were asked to put their Salvage into four separate containers. � Tins and Metal - For aircraft and tanks, weapons etc. � Boiled Bones - To make glue for aircraft and glycerine for explosives. � Kitchen Waste - For feeding pigs, goats and chickens. � Paper - for munitions. (The newspapers of WWII were printed on a poor quality paper to save on paper) � Rubber - for tyres. Black Market The Black Market was where people could go and illegally buy food and extra clothes. People were only allowed a certain amount but since the public wanted more they went and purchased more stuff from the Black Market. Spies and Secrecy Spies were very important during the Second World War since they had found out all the secrets about the enemies. They were quite a lot of women and their jobs were very risky. If they got caught they would be tormented. By Rahul Rohra 3S ...read more.

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