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World War One Trench Warfare Sources Questions

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Introduction

Coursework Assignment No. 1 TRENCH WARFARE DURING WORLD WAR ONE Q1 STUDY SOURCES A, B & C Use your knowledge of the First World War to explain which two posters were published before 1916 and which one was published after 1916. You must give reasons for your answer. Sources A and B were both written before 1916. Source A was written before 1916 because conscription was not yet introduced, people were still being asked to volunteer to join the army. Source B is emotional blackmail, it is showing what may happen , some years down the line, and if the parent, or parent to be has not joined, he may be marked as a coward, for not joining the army. If he didn't join the army, he would not be able to tell his children his contribution to it, as he would have taken no part in the War. Source C was published after 1916, because it is an American poster for the war, and America did not join the war until 1917. Q2 STUDY SOURCES A, B & C In what ways are these posters similar, and in what ways do these posters differ? These posters are similar because they are all recruitment posters, they are all making or hinting people to join their countries army, and fight in the war The differences in the posters are in what they are saying and what country they are relevant to. A and B also use family/emotional blackmail, to try and bribe them into joining the army, for example, in source B it shows what may happen some years down the line, when your own children your grandchildren ask you what your contribution to the war is. Source 3 is propaganda. ...read more.

Middle

I think that sources E F & G are unreliable in many ways. When these three sources were written censorship was in place which stopped anything being put in newspapers or on billboards, which might lower morale. Nothing in newspapers or in letters from soldiers that were sent home, gave a clear picture of the horrors of the trenches. Even if they had been allowed to, no journalist would have a clear picture of life in the trenches, because none of them had first hand experience. Source E is a postcard, the type of which would have been used by soldiers to send home. It has straight unclear sentences on it. The soldiers were only allowed to mark the date and add their signature, or the card would have been destroyed. Source F is a drawing of soldiers playing football in the trenches. 'The Surreys play the game' appeared in British newspapers in July 1916. The source is very unreliable because it is doubtful that football would be played in the trenches, on the first day of the Battle of the Somme. Source G is also about the East Surrey regiment playing football during the Battle of the Somme. But this time it is a poem which again appeared in July 1916. The unlikely case of four footballs being dribbled for a mile and a quarter is shadowing all the sources. There is some level of reliability because they were all written during the war. On the other hand, there is more evidence to say that source F & G have been exagerated as they appeared in British newspapers just to boost morale. ...read more.

Conclusion

If the writer in 1918 was British he may be one-sided, or bias for his own country, as he would have fresh memories of the German enemy. The historian writing later would have an advantage over the historian in 1918, for many reasons, but he is disadvantaged. Censorship was lifted, and publications could show the details of the war, and statistics for number of dead etc. would have been released. Other things like source E, the postcard used by soldiers in the war would also be published, to show what was allowed to be sent home, for those who did not see it. The later historian would not be bias or one-sided, because he would have taken evidence and views from both sides, and collected it all together, writing a fair account, which does both sides justice. This is something that maybe the earlier historian would not have done, because of the fresh World War 1 memories, the 1918 historian may make Britain and the USA sound faultless and 'perfect.' The are some negative points to writing later. There would have been few first hand account from soldiers and families, and and if the government did decide to keep some documents until 1998 under the Official Secrets Act. If there were some first hand accounts from ex-soldiers, they would probably been very old, and their mind may have played tricks on them, and they may forget or exaggerate what they say, for example, in Source J, Siegfried Sassoon wrote about his experiences in the trenches, but he turned all against war, which made him one sided, and his account, is not 100% reliable. ?? ?? ?? ?? COURSEWORK ASSIGNMENT NO. 1 DAVID HOWE 7025 ST AUGUSTINE OF CANTERBURY SCHOOL 63253 ...read more.

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