• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Women, Men and Politeness

Extracts from this document...


Name: Sze Hwui Yap, Sandra Tutor's Name: Bob Fisher Student No: M00281193 Draft: 1st Word Count: 1291 Definition of culture Culture may be defined as the behaviour and customs of a particular society or organization. However, there are many ways of defining the word "Culture" as according to Gibson, R (2002). Geert, Hofstede(1980) suggests that, culture is "the collective programming of the human mind that distinguishes the members of one human group from those of another. Culture in this sense is a system of collectively held values." Edgar, Schein (1985), meanwhile, argues that the definition of culture is "Culture is the deeper level of basic assumptions and beliefs that are shared by members of an organization, that operate unconsciously and define in a basic 'taken for granted' fashion an organization's view of its self and its environment." Culture can also be divided into "explicit" culture and "tacit" culture (Gibson, 2002). An iceberg model can be used to represent both culture with the obvious and physical behaviour above the surface of the water and traditions and beliefs below the surface of the water. For example, music, clothing, gestures, greetings and table manners can be "explicit" cultures whereas views of family, gender and also approaches to work, sex can be expressed as "tacit" cultures.( Gibson, 2002) ...read more.


My cultural profile will include race, nationality, religion, language, education and ceremonies/festivals. Firstly, as a Chinese, filial obedience is a priority because it is believed that what goes around comes around (Karma). It is believed that one will not have a good future if they are not filial to their parents. Secondly, as a Malaysian, it is important to respect the cultural differences among different ethnic groups. For example, during "Ramadhan" which is the fasting month for the Muslims, it is considered rude to eat in front of them when they are fasting. Religion is the largest influence in my culture. My dad is Catholic and my mum is Buddhist therefore, there is a mixture of different religion culture. I grew up with Catholic culture and eventually learnt the Buddhist culture when i was 10. Language also forms part of my culture. My first language is the English language and my first dialect is "Hokkien". However, there is a distinctive difference in the "Manglish" (Malaysian English) and English. The infamous "lah" is incorporated in sentences to sound more "Malaysian". There are three different types of education in Malaysia such as the Malay, Chinese and English schools. I went to an English school therefore, the western culture has an influence in my culture. ...read more.


I woke up in the morning of 10th of November by the sound of the heavy rain and the strong wind. In terms of weather, there is a major difference between Malaysia and UK. The weather in Malaysia is constantly hot and sunny whereas the weather in the UK is cold and rains on most of the days. The next difference is the alcohol consumption in public. On the 11th of November, while walking to the bus stop to catch a bus home, there was an old man that seems drunk holding a bottle of beer in his hands that was walking towards me. It was a strange experience for me because it is also illegal to carry alcohol or drink alcohol on the streets or in public. Alcohol consumption is only meant for indoors. On the 12th of November, I realised that the UK government is very strict about the laws on the road because my uncle received a bill of 60pounds just because he stopped in front of a bus stop for 1 minute. In Malaysia, people just stop anywhere on the road and it causes a lot of traffic problems. In conclusion, there are many differences in culture in the UK as compared to my home country which I have found out recently. I have also learnt to adapt to many different cultures and systems. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level General Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level General Studies essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Should Cannabis be legalised in the UK?

    5 star(s)

    They may have difficulty limiting their cannabis use or they may need more of the drug to get the same effect that they got when they first used the drug, the body gets more used to the effects of cannabis so the user doesn't feel them as much.

  2. Should Motorbikes Be Banned In Public Places

    If people learned to have a bit more respect for the environment when riding their motorbikes instead of ripping up the ground upon which they ride and creating ruts, then people wouldn't take such action. Then there would endless places to ride a motorbike.

  1. The role of women compared to the role of men in Draculas Guest and ...

    The white represents the innocence she puts off, that women use their so called "innocence" to get close to humans and animals. Because she is also the white worm of the novel's title her femininity is really an overriding animality.

  2. Impact of music has on study for an adult leaner Report

    For question 11 people had different opinions in the choice of music that they listened to while studying. 14% listened to rock, 24% chose to listen to pop music, 14% chose to listen to alternate music, 14% chose to listen to dance and 48% chose to listen to all types of music.

  1. Special Education - The Inclusion Debate

    The study by Hayes (2000) discovered that the adult education programs did not make many changes in instruction methods to specifically cater to the needs of younger students. It was found that many respondents thought that adult education should be made more responsive to cater to the needs of younger

  2. The Road

    Whether your past is good or bad, the fact of the matter is, it has happened and it is a part of you until the day you die. Memories show us our happy times, which we want to hold on to forever and the bad times we wish that we could just forget.

  1. Literature Differences

    "Nacha offered to take charge of feeding Tita...Mama Elena accepted since she had the enormous responsibility of running the ranch" (Esquivel 6). In this quote, Esquivel makes it very clear that Mama Elena is not in need as much as father is, by the resources provided to her through the story.

  2. Perfume Journal Part 1

    Grenouille distills everything he sees, from brass and porcelain to his own hair. After realizing that some things do not have the essential oils to make perfume, Grenouille becomes mortally ill. Chapter 20 Grenouille suffers from high fever. Baldini goes all out to take care of him, from moving him

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work