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Women, Men and Politeness

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Name: Sze Hwui Yap, Sandra Tutor's Name: Bob Fisher Student No: M00281193 Draft: 1st Word Count: 1291 Definition of culture Culture may be defined as the behaviour and customs of a particular society or organization. However, there are many ways of defining the word "Culture" as according to Gibson, R (2002). Geert, Hofstede(1980) suggests that, culture is "the collective programming of the human mind that distinguishes the members of one human group from those of another. Culture in this sense is a system of collectively held values." Edgar, Schein (1985), meanwhile, argues that the definition of culture is "Culture is the deeper level of basic assumptions and beliefs that are shared by members of an organization, that operate unconsciously and define in a basic 'taken for granted' fashion an organization's view of its self and its environment." Culture can also be divided into "explicit" culture and "tacit" culture (Gibson, 2002). An iceberg model can be used to represent both culture with the obvious and physical behaviour above the surface of the water and traditions and beliefs below the surface of the water. For example, music, clothing, gestures, greetings and table manners can be "explicit" cultures whereas views of family, gender and also approaches to work, sex can be expressed as "tacit" cultures.( Gibson, 2002) ...read more.


My cultural profile will include race, nationality, religion, language, education and ceremonies/festivals. Firstly, as a Chinese, filial obedience is a priority because it is believed that what goes around comes around (Karma). It is believed that one will not have a good future if they are not filial to their parents. Secondly, as a Malaysian, it is important to respect the cultural differences among different ethnic groups. For example, during "Ramadhan" which is the fasting month for the Muslims, it is considered rude to eat in front of them when they are fasting. Religion is the largest influence in my culture. My dad is Catholic and my mum is Buddhist therefore, there is a mixture of different religion culture. I grew up with Catholic culture and eventually learnt the Buddhist culture when i was 10. Language also forms part of my culture. My first language is the English language and my first dialect is "Hokkien". However, there is a distinctive difference in the "Manglish" (Malaysian English) and English. The infamous "lah" is incorporated in sentences to sound more "Malaysian". There are three different types of education in Malaysia such as the Malay, Chinese and English schools. I went to an English school therefore, the western culture has an influence in my culture. ...read more.


I woke up in the morning of 10th of November by the sound of the heavy rain and the strong wind. In terms of weather, there is a major difference between Malaysia and UK. The weather in Malaysia is constantly hot and sunny whereas the weather in the UK is cold and rains on most of the days. The next difference is the alcohol consumption in public. On the 11th of November, while walking to the bus stop to catch a bus home, there was an old man that seems drunk holding a bottle of beer in his hands that was walking towards me. It was a strange experience for me because it is also illegal to carry alcohol or drink alcohol on the streets or in public. Alcohol consumption is only meant for indoors. On the 12th of November, I realised that the UK government is very strict about the laws on the road because my uncle received a bill of 60pounds just because he stopped in front of a bus stop for 1 minute. In Malaysia, people just stop anywhere on the road and it causes a lot of traffic problems. In conclusion, there are many differences in culture in the UK as compared to my home country which I have found out recently. I have also learnt to adapt to many different cultures and systems. ...read more.

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