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20- using a range of examples examine how tourism has had both positive and negative impacts on local culture.

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A2 Geography Coursework Report 20- using a range of examples examine how tourism has had both positive and negative impacts on local culture. "For a tourism-based economy to sustain itself in local communities, the residents must be willing partners in process. Their attitudes toward tourism and perception of its impact on community life must be continually assessed." 1 (Allen et al.1988) As tourism expands and reaches the remote corners of the earth its impact on local culture is inevitable. The arrival of foreign values, money and goods alters the cultural landscape, sometimes permanently. Often that impact is negative forcing locals away from their traditional lands, lifestyle and heritage. However the impacts could be positive as well. The word culture in general, refers to human activity; different definitions of culture reflect different theories for understanding, or criteria for valuing, human activity. ...read more.


In order to answer my coursework title, "examine how tourism has had both positive and negative impacts on local culture", I will be looking at a variety of places where tourism has had an impact on local culture, either positive, negative, or even a bit of both. The places I will be looking at are; Nepal, Kenya, Brazil, Gambia, Machu Picchu, The Maldives, The Lake District, and Ayia Napa, where tourism has had an impact on local culture in a variety of ways. (See figure 1, map of the world, locating the case studies) To analyse the impacts generated by tourist-host contact I will use Doxeys irritation index, which suggests that unless careful management strategies are developed, host irritation will increase dramatically. N.B: tourist- host contact means: the contact the tourist has with the local people, therefore the host being the one living in the country. ...read more.


Package tourists usually arrive in masses to facilities that have been built rapidly, often with fewer links to the local economy. They meet local people in shops, restaurants and bars or as workers in their hotel ("my friend the barmen" etc) or possibly as hawkers on the beach (where a feverish sales pitch can annoy tourists). N.B typology is a method of sociological investigation that classifies tourists according to a particular phenomenon, usually motivations or behaviour Table 1: smith's typology of tourism 5 Type of tourists Number of tourists Adaptation to local norms Explorer Very limited Accepts fully Elite Rarely seen Adapts fully Off-beat Uncommon but seen Adapts well Unusual Occasional Adapts somewhat Incipient mass Steady flow Seeks western amenities Mass Continuous flow Expects western amenities Charter Massive arrivals Demands western amenities 1 www.seagrant.umn.edu/tourism/pdfs/ImpactsTourism.pdf 2 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture 3 Global explosion of tourism and part of page 9 of www.seagrant.umn... 4 Tourism: principles and practise pages 176-177, and The human impacts of tourism 5 The business of tourism, page 327 ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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