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A 'New Farming' - The agricultural revolution.

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Introduction

A 'NEW FARMING' The population of Britain from 1750 onwards increased immensly, therefore causing the Agricultural Revolution. Part of the problem was due to the fact that there was just too many people to feed purely by relying on farmed foods. The 'Agricultural Revolution' was the particular period of time when farming and producing enough food for everyone became a major problem. The four main 'stages' of the Agricultural Revolution were enclosure, machinery, improvements in stock breeding and crop rotation. In this essay, a clear and fairly accurate description, as well as the general information, of each 'stage' has been written. The first main 'stage' in the Agricultural Revolution was enclosure. Before enclosure, farming was mainly done with farmers having their own individual strip of land in one large, open field. ...read more.

Middle

Before the improvements of machinery, most of the local villagers would have had to help out on the farms, working on the strips of land - this also included children. The little machinery that farms did have were only made out of wood, therefore, they were not very strong, and were probably a lot slower than some of the later inventions, which were made out of iron, and drawn by horses rather than oxen. The next 'stage' of the Agricultural Revolution was all to do with the improvements made in stock breeding. The best animals were bred together in order to produce better stock and the best of the litter were then in-bred again until an animal was produced which had no faults and was a perfect example of the best. ...read more.

Conclusion

The effects of the Agricultural Revolution of the 18th century were generally very good for Britain; because if it wasn't for the helpful, new inventions that were devised during that period of time, it may well have been the case that farms and farmers might've still been struggling with the same problems today. Wheat production quite reasonably increased during the Agricultural Revolution, due to the crop rotation; and the average weight of sheep and cattle went up, due to the helpful idea of stock breeding and it's improvements during this period of time. However, not everyone benefited from the Agricultural Revolution, as the poorer people would have lost their land to the richer people, due to the fact that the enclosure of the fields meant that the strips of fields were reduced so that more land could be used to grow just one crop. ...read more.

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