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According to the Oxford Dictionary an earthquake is :"A movement in the earth's crust or mantle caused by a build-up of pressure, which sends out a series of three distinct shock waves"

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Introduction

According to the Oxford Dictionary an earthquake is: "A movement in the earth's crust or mantle caused by a build-up of pressure, which sends out a series of three distinct shock waves" Such a movement in the earth's crust occurred in Kobe on 17th January 1995 at 5:46am resulting in many deaths. Well over 5,000 civilians are estimated to have died as a result of this catastrophe and around 35,000 injured. 38,321 houses completely collapsed and 48,546 houses partially collapsed and 14,081 damaged. On the day of the earthquake 136 fires where reported, after a week 414 and after a month 531 fires. ...read more.

Middle

Many of the deaths in the Kobe quake were in the older part of Kobe, many of the buildings in the older part of the town where destroyed due to their heavy roofing and structural defaults caused by aging. So as you can see most of the deaths where in the old part of Kobe. The newer and more recently built houses and flats have anti-earthquake measures built in to stop them being damaged so easily. 38,321 houses completely collapsed and 48,546 houses partially collapsed and 14,081 damaged. Another big cause of death resulting from the earthquake was fire. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the focus was very shallow would have also contributed to the earthquakes power. Many more deaths where as a result of rough sleeping, due to houses being destroyed, with little shelter and a shortage of blankets. Around 200,000 slept rough (in parks or unheated gyms) and very few made it through the night as temperatures reached -2*c. Earthquakes can be highly devastating Kobe was destroyed, San Francisco has also been destroyed. They can strike at any time with little or no advanced warning. The science of seismology is endeavouring to gain a greater understanding of earthquakes to predict their occurrence. So the number of human fatalities and injuries is decreased. By Michael Greenfield ...read more.

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