Account for the uneven distribution of food supplies in the more developed countries and the less developed countries. What can be done by the MDC to help overcome the problem of famine in LDC? Illustrate your answer with appropriate examples.
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Today, despite the existence of sufficient food supplies, the goal of feeding everyone in the world cannot be achieved due to the uneven distribution of food supplies. Over 1 000 million people now live in starvation. Account for the uneven distribution of food supplies in the more developed countries and the less developed countries. What can be done by the MDC to help overcome the problem of famine in LDC? Illustrate your answer with appropriate examples. Overall, the food produced should be sufficient to feed the global population, however in reality this cannot be achieved due to the uneven distribution of resources, thus food supplies. In many less developed countries (LDCs in short), such as Ethiopia in North Africa, western part of China in particular, the problem of famine is still their major problem to cope with; whereas in some more developed countries (MDCs in short), such as USA, they food production are in surplus which are even sufficient for large amount of export. Physical factors are the dominant factors which contribute to the uneven distribution of food supplies in the world.
Other human factors such as low education level, lack of contact to the outside world resulting in less influence by the technological breakthrough are also important. With low education level, the farmers are less susceptible to learn proper and new farming methods and perhaps the management of machines and irrigation systems. Some inland continental areas, where there is no advance communication network, the spreading of new skills and technology is also limited. Thus they are less likely to raise their production yield by the introduction of technological improvement. In addition to the human factors, the lack of capital from the government is also important because they cannot provide better education, and teach them the importance of family planning. Therefore it is harder to control the rapid growing population, as their generally prefer larger family. They think that the more children they have, the more sources of labour. Thus the limited food production cannot support the growing population and leads to serious famine. With sufficient capital from the government, it cannot subsidize its farmers for mechanization and help them in marking in distribution.
Additionally, the MDCs can introduce the proper use of technological improved cultural inputs in farming. Like fertilizers to improve soil fertility, weedicides, pesticides to prevent yield lost. They also help to educate the farmers of proper irrigation practice to reduce the salinzation and alkalization of soils in semi arid areas. Thus the chance of farmland abandonment due to decrease in fertility can be reduced. Government or companies in MDCs can invest capital in the LDCs, such as large scale irrigation project and the agricultural industry. Some of the transnational companies in the MDCs invested in the plantation agriculture of the LDCs to produce Cacao, Sugar cane, rubber in tropical area, Brazil for example. By investing, the employment rate and income can be raised, thus they would have more capital in buying food or improve their own farming activities. The MDCs may also invest in their large scale irrigation and earn money from the HEP electricity generation. The LDCs can in turn benefited from the stable water supple for farming, prevent flooding and minimize the loss in drought, with increase in production yields, the occurrence of famine may likely to be decreased.
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