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Account for the uneven nature of world development

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Introduction

´╗┐Account for the uneven nature of world development (25) Development is when a country is improving. When a country develops it basically gets better for the people living there, their quality of life improves e.g. their wealth, health and safety. The level of development is different in different countries e.g. France is more developed than Ethiopia. There are many reasons for this uneven nature of world development. There are a number of environmental factors which can affect a country?s development. Firstly, climate, if a country has an extreme climate, either really hot (Ethiopia) or really cold, this prohibits the growth of crops and subsequently food production. Therefore the majority of the population in countries with extreme climates are malnourished, which affects health and the quality of life. Furthermore, these types of countries don?t have any crops to sell and consequently less money than a developed country exporting lots of goods. With less exports, the government gets less money from taxes and therefore has less to spend on developing the country e.g. by improving health care and education. The 2011 Global Hunger Index (GHI) Report ranked India, which has a hot climate, 15th, amongst leading countries with a malnourished population, consequently India?s population has a low, impoverished quality of life and subsequently India is ranked 134/187 countries on the HDI index. HDI is a quantitative measure of development which encompasses life expectancy, literacy rate, education level and income per head, into assessment. ...read more.

Middle

Only 22.3% of women were in paid employment in 1975 whereas by 1990 this had risen to 35.75%, meaning women were prioritising work over children, lowering the birth rate and improving quality of life. Moreover, in Kerala in South-West India has a female literacy rate of 81%, which is considerably higher that the literacy rate for the whole of India which is 39%. This emancipation of women in Kerala has acted as a catalyst for development and Kerala has the lowest homicide rate of any Indian state, proving that most people are content with their quality of life, since they?re not rebelling against inequalities. Therefore countries accepting of women are more likely to have more income and therefore are more capable of developing as opposed to countries like Pakistan where women are not allowed to work. Another social factor affecting development is child education, the more children that attend school (rather than work) the more developed a country will be. This is because they?ll get a better education and so will get better jobs. Being educated and having a good job improves a person?s quality of life and increases the money a country has to spend on development. In poorer countries where the economy is based on agriculture e.g. Brazil, children are forced to work at young ages on farms with their parents to help their livelihood. Consequently they miss out on school and work in agriculture for the entirety of their lives, which lowers their quality of life since they don?t have a lot of disposable income. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the other hand, countries which export manufactured goods tend to be more developed. This is because usually a decent profit is made, wealthy countries can also force down the price of raw materials they buy from poorer countries to manufacture products. Singapore exports manufactured goods e.g. electronics and has a much faster rate of GDP growth (5.2%) than the raw material exporter Chad, meaning that Singapore?s economy is much more developed. Lastly, there are three main political factors that slow development. If a country has an unstable government it might not invest in things like healthcare, education and improving the economy. This leads to slow development, or no development at all. Some governments are corrupt, therefore some parliamentarians get richer by embezzling money, while the general public stay poor and have a low quality of life. Moreover, if there?s a war in a country the country loses money that could have been used to develop the area, since buildings get destroyed and fewer men work during conflict, directly reducing the quality of life of people in the country. The war in Sierra Leone (1991-2002) has dramatically affected development of the country, amongst other factors. Consequently, the HDI of Sierra Leone is 180th in the world, scoring a low 0.33. Contrarily, countries with a democratic political system, assumed to be fair, can control the economy more effectively than a corrupt government and thus develop the country. Overall, there are many factors which can affect the development of a country and some countries are less affected by these factors than others, hence the uneven nature of development. ...read more.

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