• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

air pollution and acid rain

Extracts from this document...


Introduction Air pollution and acid rain are global issues that have a significant effect on living things and the environment that they live in. Air pollution combined with acid rain causes 3 million fatalities each year (ref: "http://www.spinneypress.com.au/157_book_desc.html"), through respiratory diseases and cancer. Air pollution and acid rain is the result of harmful substances being placed into the atmosphere resulting in damage to the environment, human health, and quality of life. Air pollution is one of three forms of pollution and takes place world over, in basically every city, in every country in every continent. Acid rain is a specific form of air pollution in which pollutants incorporate into water droplets whilst in the atmosphere to form acidic rain, this corrodes statues and buildings, damages crops and forests, and make lakes and streams unsuitable for fish and other plant and animal life. Air pollution is continually changing the Earth's atmosphere for the worst, but work can be done to make minimise air pollution and more so it's harmful effects. How is air pollution and acid rain caused? Industrialisation and progress have led to air getting more and more polluted over the years as represented in figure 1. Industries, vehicles, increase in population, and urbanization are some of the major factors responsible for air pollution. ...read more.


Some industrial processes, such as production of paper and smelting of metals, produce sulphur dioxide. It is a major contributor to smog and acid rain. Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, this is usually pushed along by large smokestacks like that in figure 1, which pushes the pollutants higher into the air where they can mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain. Sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides dissolve very easily in water and can be carried very far by the wind. As a result, the two pollutants can travel long distances where they become part of the rain, sleet, snow, and fog and form acid rain, this process is described below. Consequences of pollution and acid rain Pollution and acid rain causes many problems to the plant and animal life, furthermore it can cause significant problems to human beings, such as respiratory diseases and cancer. The toxins released into the air by polluted rain cause a huge problem in the form of acid rain. The chemicals in acid rain react with any object they come in contact with. ...read more.


Cleaner energy includes, wind power, solar power and hydraulic power, this contrasts with coal, oil and gas which can be very dangerous to the environment. Petrol used by the ever increasing number of vehicles can also be changed to be more environmentally friendly; this includes the introduction of hybrid cars which release almost no toxins into the air. Liming is a way of reducing acidic levels in areas that have been effected by acid rain, this is done by powdered limestone being added to the effected area, thus almost immediately reducing acidic levels. This reduces acidic levels but unfortunately temporarily. These are a few things that can be done by you to minimise air pollution: About half of the air pollution comes from the exhausts of vehicles. Two important ways to reduce air pollution are to drive less and to drive wise. Ways of smarter driving include: * Public transport. * Walk or ride a bicycle. * Carpool. Many household products release toxins into the air, ways of minimizing this include: * Use products with a water base, or contain a high level of water. * Large scale painting should be done with a brush not a sprayer. * Use an electric mower. Wise energy usage helps to reduce air pollution * Turn off the lights when you leave a room. * Replace energy hungry incandescent lights with fluorescent lighting. * Add insulation to your home. * Dry your clothes on a clothesline. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. How Does Air Pollution Affect the Hong Kong People and Economy?

    Firms have a great freedom to control their amount of permit trading with each other if they have a surplus or shortage. However if a firm purchases all or a majority of the trade permits, it could mean holding a strong monopoly position generating a problem to the market.

  2. Cars offer fast reliable transportation, offering drivers access to anywhere with roads, but there ...

    Every time an automobile burns a gallon of gasoline it releases 22 pounds of carbon dioxide. Carbon monoxide is also a damaging greenhouse gas. Cars account for 76 percent of the carbon monoxide in the earth's air. Carbon monoxide affects the bloods total capacity for carrying oxygen by to the heart, brain, and other important organs.

  1. What is Air Pollution?

    This is what we commonly call acid rain. Acid rain can have harmful impacts on the environment. It affects freshwater lakes and the wildlife that depend upon them. It also affects trees by harming leaves and soil, and it damages buildings made of limestone and marble.

  2. The causes of desertificationDesertification is the degradation of drylands. It involves the loss of ...

    The lack of a strong civil society presence in other affected states, however, continues to be a drawback in ensuring people's participation in the mainstream policy formulation and implementation process. NAPs also specify the practical steps and measures to be taken as well as the commitments made by national governments to provide an "enabling environment".

  1. A report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington ...

    Membership of the European Community also forces the UK to adopt Community standards. The Environmental Protection Act 1990 was introduced to make provision for the improved control of pollution arising from certain industrial and other processes and to re-enact the provisions of the Control of Pollution Act 1974 relating to

  2. Evaluate proposals for reducing environmental air pollution by energy taxation and emissions trading

    Or, to obtain the optimum level of emissions Q* (as shown in diagram 2) (Diagram 2) the government could tax polluters based on the estimated damage they have done (referred to as a Pigovian tax). This tax on production will shift the MNPB curve left, as shown, and, if tax

  1. Acid rain

    Rates of wet deposition depend on the precipitation rate, the washout ratio of dissolved pollutant per unit mass of cloud water or rain divided by the concentration of the same pollutant per unit mass of air (Wellburn, 1994. A low pH value means a high level of acidification.

  2. What a manager does and how it is done.

    These advancements in technology purvey benefits and impel organizations to change. The first factor to consider for motivating change deals with whether the organization is facing some obvious need for change, such as increasing competition; pressure on prices; changing customer needs / expectations; advances in technology; reductions in external funding; or regulatory changes (Cummings, 1997, p.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work