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An Overview of Immigration to Australia

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Introduction

An Overview of Immigration to Australia 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Aim This overview of immigration to Australia explains immigration movements in terms of its numbers, origins, and the backgrounds. This report will be a basic fact for the next final report in which a survey will be discussed and compared to the results. 1.2 Authorisation Requested by Ms. Ronda MacLeod, Analyse & Present Research Information teacher for reporting the 3rd assignment by Wednesday 21 May, 2003. 1.3 Acknowledgement To Mr. Ian Marquis for his assistance with my written English. 1.4 Sources of Information * Australian Bureau of Statistics (2000) Migration, 1998-99, Cat. no. 3412.0, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics * Australian Bureau of Statistics (2003) Australian Demographic Statistics, September Quarter 2002, Cat. no. 3101.0, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics * Australian Bureau of Statistics (2003) Overseas Arrivals and Departures, February 2003, Cat. no. 3401.0, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics * Department of Immigration & Multicultural & Indigenous Affairs, (2003) http://www.immi.gov.au * Healey, J. (ed.) (2000) Issues in Society-Multiculturalism, vol. 126, NSW: The Spinney Press * Healey, J. (ed.) (2002) Issues in Society-Australia's Immigration Debate, vol. 171, NSW: The Spinney Press * Healey, K. (ed.) (1995) Issues for the Nineties-Global Migration, vol. 47, NSW: The Spinney Press 2 FINDINGS The main topics are how many people immigrate to Australia, and their countries of origin. The following sources discuss immigration. The relevant information will be summarised here. In this report, long-term or short-term movements are ignored. 2.1 Australian Bureau of Statistics (2000) Migration, 1998-99, Cat. no. 3412.0, Canberra: Australian Bureau of Statistics 2.1.1 Immigration arrivals to Australia Appendix 1 shows overseas migration gain to Australia between 1979 and 1999. In 1979, permanent arrivals were 67,192, and the numbers varied over the next 20 years. There are two peaks: 1981-1982, and 1987-1992, where there were more than 100,000. The most during these periods are 145,316 in 1989, while the number in 1999 was only 84,143. ...read more.

Middle

These numbers and figure 2 show there were only 1.6 million migrants to Australia for 15 years from 1945 to 1960. Then, the numbers for each 10 years from the1960s to 1990s decreased except in the 1980s. The number of settler arrivals dropped by about 63% from 1988-89 data to 1999-00 data. 2.4.4 Settler arrivals by country of birth July 2001 to June 2002 settler arrivals, by country of birth New Zealand 15 663 17.6% United Kingdom 8 749 9.8% China 6 708 7.5% South Africa 5 714 6.4% India 5 091 5.7% Indonesia 4 221 4.7% Philippines 2 837 3.2% Fed. Rep. Of Yugoslavia 2 082 2.3% Sri Lanka 2 011 2.3% Malaysia 1 939 2.2% Source: DIMIA, www.immi.gov.au/facts/02key.htm Figure 3. Settler arrivals by country of birth The outstanding county of birth of the settle arrivals from July 2001 to June 2002 is New Zealand with 17.6% (15,663). United Kingdom is ranked No. 2 with 9.8% (8,749), and China is No. 3 with 7.5% (6,708). 2.4.5 Settler arrivals by region of birth By way of comparison, settler arrivals by region of birth for 1991-92 were: Oceania 10 362 9.6% Europe & former USSR 26 870 25.0% Middle East & North Africa 7 021 6.5% Southeast Asia 22 325 20.8% Northeast Asia 21 473 20.0% Southern Asia 10 594 9.9% North America 2 570 2.4% South America, Central America & the Caribbean 3 308 3.1% Africa (excl. N/Africa) 2 823 2.6% Total (including not stated) 107 391 Figure 4. Settler arrivals by region of birth for 1991-92 Settler arrivals, by region of birth, between July 2001 and June 2002 Oceania 19 152 21.5% Europe & former USSR 17 411 19.6% Middle East & North Africa 6 000 6.7% Southeast Asia 14 464 16.3% Northeast Asia 10 716 12.1% Southern Asia 9 190 10.3% Northern America 1 730 1.9% South America, Central America & the Caribbean 900 1.0% Africa (excl. ...read more.

Conclusion

Australia is a constitutional monarchy of which the UK queen is head. As for NZ, 1. there is Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement between Australia and NZ: Both citizens are allowed to visit, live, and work in each country. 2.NZ is close to Australia geographically. Because of these facts above and also people from Europe especially UK only were allowed to immigrate to Australia from 1901 to mid 1960, most Australian estimated resident population are born in Oceania & Antarctica (including Australia)(79%) followed by Europe and the former USSR (13%) as of 1999 June. The number of settlers has decreased as a whole compared to the highest number 185,099 in 1969-70 (88,900 in 2001-02). Both male and female migrants to Australia are young (many are up to 39). The numbers between male and female migrants do not have a much difference as of 1999. NSW is a popular destination among settler arrivals. Australia has migration and humanitarian programs. Migration program has Skilled and Family Streams. Both of them are ranked high as settler arrivals categories to this country. The government tries to shift to Skilled Stream in this program, but in fact, Skilled Stream settler arrivals in 1996-97 are less than half of those in 1991-92. The program leads high skilled-people and vitalizes Australian economy. The government also helps refugees and discriminated people in humanitarian program. This means Australia cooperates with the world in terms of helping such people. There are some debates on immigration in Australia. Some are for immigrants to this country, and some are against. For the former, immigrants lead economic benefits as mentioned above, and also cause social benefits. As for the latter, they think there is not enough room for immigrants because their main destinations such as Sydney is overpopulated, and inland areas are not enough to support them for limited water. The future issues on immigration to Australia will be: * Control of immigration number * The number of Skilled Stream immigrants and control of the entry criteria * Humanitarian Program CONCLUSION This report is summarizing the sources for a survey. This information will be: 3. ...read more.

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