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Antarctica - Managing the Impacts of Tourism

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Introduction

Stage 2 Tourism Name: ANDY IM Topic: Managing the Impacts of Tourism Word count: 1283 Task 1 Part A (A) Discuss and define Tourism is changing as nature, heritage, and recreational destinations become more important. Eco-tourism focuses on local cultures, wilderness adventures, volunteering, and learning new ways to live on our vulnerable planet. It is typically defined as travel to destinations where the flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. Responsible ecotourism includes programs that minimise the adverse effects of traditional tourism on the natural environment, and enhance the cultural integrity of local people. Sustainable tourism is an industry which attempts to make a low impact on the environment and local culture, while helping to generate income, employment, and the conservation of local ecosystems. Cultural diverse tourism is a genre of special interest tourism based on the search for and participation in new and deep cultural experiences. (B) Prepare checklist/guidelines identifying qualities, which help to ensure a tourism site/location is sustainable and inclusive of the implications of cultural diversity. * Educate visitors to consider the effects of their visit in advance and to modify their behavior while traveling, with the objective of minimizing impacts. ...read more.

Middle

So, if tourists want to go to Antarctica, it is best time to visit. In 1997 to 1998, 10 590 tourists have travelled in Antarctica and 12 300 tourists travelled in 1998 to 1999. Also, in 2001 to 2002, 14 250 tourists travelled in Antarctica. Every year, Antarctica tourists are steadily increasing. Antarctica currently has no economic activity apart from offshore fishing and tourism, and these are run by other nations. The natural environment of Antarctica has unique values for us human beings. While pristine environment is constantly decreasing on Earth, the Antarctic Continent, which covers approximately 1/12 of the entire global land area, remains out of human activities. The unique natural environment supports local wildlife and keeps the historical record of the Earth. To ensure that Antarctica's unique qualities are not damaged, all Antarctic tour adheres to harsh policies on environmental management and conservation. Wastes are removed, special areas are set aside for protection, and a policy of minimizing impact is applied to all activities. To prevent destroying Antarctica's circumstances and achieving sustainability of Antarctica, many rules and pre-education system was created for people, who want to visit Antarctica. ...read more.

Conclusion

At present the number of yearly visitors is about 16,000 with a projected increase to some 26,000 around 2007. Especially tourism on large ships carrying thousands of tourists is seen as a future threat. This growth in numbers has gone hand in hand with a diversification of tourist activities, which now include scuba diving, kayaking, snorkelling, marathon running and mountain climbing. The booming tourism developments are a matter of international concern, given the weakness of the Antarctic ecosystems. Nevertheless, complete baton tourism is neither advisable nor possible under the existing system. Antarctica is a global common and wilderness that is open for use by anybody. The difference of interest between tourist development and natural preservation is not the only source of conflict. The scientific community in Antarctica is also quite concerned about the claim that tourists lay on the available search and rescue facilities. The high-risk tourist activities, such as mountain climbing, can be expected to lead to more accidents, and possibly to a sharp increase in the very expensive rescue operations. It is clear that tourism has an important role to play in the transmission of knowledge about this unique place and the necessity to protect it. We will assess opportunities of the development of tourism in the Antarctica. ...read more.

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