• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the view that the relationship between superpowers and the developing world is a neo-colonial one

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Assess the view that the relationship between superpowers and the developing world is a neo-colonial one Neo-colonialism is an indirect method of exploitation and maintaining power. This is usually an economic way of sustaining control through the pattern of aid and debt repayments. This is in contrast to colonialism which is considered a ?hard? method of gaining control often through military force which results in an external nation taking control of a territory in another part of the world. It then reinforces this control by settling the new colony with its own people. For example, the British Empire grew through the process of colonialism ? 27% of the world?s land surface was once part of this empire. However, the era of colonialism ended in the period 1945-1980 when colonies gained independence and now many left wing (socialist) geographers believe that superpowers use subtle ways to maintain power. Neo-colonialism is most often linked to Africa and is used as an explanation for the lack of development in that continent. This can be explained by A.G. Franks 1969 dependency theory -a Marxist perspective which suggests that the developed world help to maintain the developing world in a permanent state of underdevelopment ? trapping these countries in stage 1 and 2 of WW Rostow?s ?Take Off? Model. ...read more.


The world?s three major stock markets (London, New York and Tokyo) are all in the ?west?. In today?s globalised world emerging powers have started to benefit from world trade, mainly due to the role of TNCs e.g. Nike, which originate from the west. Although countries such as China have gained hugely from this there are still many LDC?s that have been cut off from globalisation ensuring that they stay in a state of ?underdevelopment?. There is much controversy over whether the Chinese Foreign direct investment (FDI) programmes in Africa have been a mechanism of neo-colonialism or genuine development. The increasing activity of Chinese entrepreneurs in Africa is beginning to transform the world?s poorest continent; African corrupt governments have previously put a ?brake? on economic development however this new wave of investment has meant that these countries can move to the ?take off? stage of W.Rostow?s 1960 modernisation theory. China can teach a lot to the African continent ? they have lifted 400 million people out of poverty by combining state intervention in the economy with incentives to attract private investment. China has then reinvested the profits from these exports from FDI in order to industrialise. These stages of development are now being encouraged in China?s relationship with Africa. ...read more.


This influx of the Chinese has resulted in inevitable culture clashes and social issues e.g. the Chine mistreating African workers creating cultural tensions. In addition, the Chinese are outsourcing their most polluting industries e.g. leather tanning and metal smelting to the African zones which will create negative impacts in the long run. In conclusion I believe that the Chinese FDI programmes in Africa are a mechanism of neo-colonialism rather than genuinely trying to help them develop; only ?pockets? of Africa will benefit from the investments and the poorest LDCs will not, creating greater inequality across the continent. If the Chinese are genuinely helping the African continent then they would provide a more equal spread and target the neediest countries. Although this industrialisation may bring employment opportunities, new technology, training and tax revenue, as well as much-needed infrastructure ? I believe that the profit leakage, pollution and low wages that are created outweigh the benefits of the investment and therefore the Chinese are not benefiting these economies. Although these new programmes may look very beneficial for the short term to act as a catalyst for development, however in the long run these countries will struggle to pay off the loans to the Chinese which would mean that they would never ?take off? and follow the example set by the Chinese. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Assess the extent to which Trans National Corporations (TNCs) have a positive impact ...

    This could be seen as more of an issue in a developing country, as people depend of the natural water supple for many things, including washing and drinking. Benefits for MEDC's are largely based on the rules and regulations of the TNC's manufacturing country, the LEDC.

  2. Can developing countries ever catch up with developed countries

    In this view "[d]evelopment is always dependent development"16, and a "catch-up" is ruled out. Any context in which development occurred would involve the construction of a new international economic order which, far from conforming underdeveloped societies to models set in the north, would alter economic relations in a manner which would transform developed as well as underdeveloped societies.

  1. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    Such an approach discriminates against lower income people. Lotteries are sometimes used where demand is much higher than supply. High demand trekking trails are an example. This provides equal access to all, but is difficult to manage for international visitation. The use of qualifications to allocate access occurs infrequently.

  2. Poverty in Africa, the widespread effects of poverty in Africa have had substantial effects ...

    Africa is extremely wealthy with natural resources but lack of proper education and technology to make large profits from it. Africa must build modern industries such as oil refineries and mines and spend the profits back into their own economy to create inflation.

  1. For two Economic Models, briefly describe the Model, and carefully compare and contrast their ...

    With India been such a large country, both in population and land mass, it is difficult to implement economic theories and plans throughout the whole economy. There are differing trends throughout the various regions in all sectors of the economy.

  2. Consider the Defining Features of Dependency Theory and distinguish its Major Variants. Discuss the ...

    Characterisation of contemporary forms of development could be perhaps the most significant contribution by 'dependentistas' to the theory of capitalistic societies. It was foreseen how a general trend (industrial capitalism) creates concrete situations of dependency with features distinct from those of advanced capitalist societies.

  1. To what extent is an unfair world trade system the root cause of the ...

    The introduction of a MNC to a LEDC can be either a boosting start to the development of its economy, or can be the beginning of a dependent relationship where all the power is held by the MNC. The fact of the matter is that depending on the MNC, development can differ.

  2. 'The key to meaningful development in the Global South is debt reduction or debt ...

    Highly indebted countries were, for decades, paying out more money in servicing their debt than they received in foreign aid. 'Money that could have been used to create schools and health clinics in Third World countries is going to the industrialised nations.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work