• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Barton on sea coursework - applied undestanding

Extracts from this document...


APPLIED UNDERSTANDING For my year 11 geography coursework I am going to be studying coasts. My title as well as hypothesis is 'The coastal management techniques involved at Barton on Sea have proved ineffective'. The beach at Barton is full of big boulders which are imported from Norway. Barton is in Hampshire. Along the coast is Bournemouth, the beaches are nice and have good sea defences, but by protecting Bournemouth it's stopping the process of longshore drift and this is why Barton doesn't have much sand and shingle on it's beach. You can't protect a coast without interfering with another. I am going to see if my results will support my hypothesis. I am going to explore the physical features of the coast and how natural processes and human use affect those features. I am going to focus on the coastal management techniques used to maintain the coastline and also to explain the physical features of beaches and cliffs. Later on in my essay I will be comparing Barton with another coastal location suffering erosion. THE THEORY COASTS - COASTAL PROCESSES AND LAND FORMS A coast is where the land meets the sea and the coast is eroded by destructive waves. These waves shape the cliffs as we see them now. Waves sometimes result in submarine earth movements, but are usually formed by the wind blowing over the sea. The fetch is the distance of open water which the wind can blow to create waves. ...read more.


The swash, which picks up sand and shingle travels up the beach in the same direction of the breaking wave. When this water returns down the beach to the sea, it is called backwash. The result is that material is transported along the beach in a zig-zag movement. This movement of beach material is called longshore drift. DEPOSITION Deposition occurs in sheltered areas where the build up of sand or shingle is greater than its removal. The most widespread coastal deposition feature is the beach. Although rocky beaches are formed by erosion (wave cut platforms, sand and shingle beaches result from deposition BEACH AND SPIT A spit is an area of sand or shingle which either extends at a gentle angle out to sea or which grows across a river estuary. Many spits are characterised by a hooked, or curved end. Spits only develop in places where: > longshore drift moves large amount of material along the beach. > There is a sudden change in the direction of the coastline. > The sea is relatively shallow and becomes progressively more sheltered. GLOSSARY OF COASTS - KEY TERMS COASTAL PROCESSES EROSION - Waves hitting cliffs and resulting in a part of the cliff breaking off, being slowly eroded. HYDRAULIC ACTION - is the process of coastal erosion caused by the force of the waves. CORRASION - process of erosion by waves hurling beach material against a cliff. CORROSION - process of erosion caused by certain acids in the sea slowly dissolving the cliff. ...read more.


Other coastal management techniques that can be used can be used are beach replenishment, sea walls or rock armour. BARTON ON SEA Barton on sea is a pleasant seaside area with wonderful views of the Solent and the Isle of Wight, surrounded by a pleasant residential area. This is why many old people decide to live there. It is in addition an area of particular scientific interest. The history of Barton can be traced back some 35 million years, to a period when crocodile type creatures roamed the area. This is confirmed by evidence unearthed by the constant erosion of the cliff face and analysed by geological scientists. Barton is better known by geologists for its fossils. Due to the never-ending cliff erosion, it is not possible to walk along the Barton cliff-top towards highlife in the west, and although it may be possible to walk to high cliff along the beach, but is not recommended due to the continuing cliff collapse. The geology at Barton is sand and clay. Clay is soft rock and is easily eroded by waves, When it rains, water soaks down through the sand above the layer of clay. The bottom layer of sand becomes saturated and moves, causing landslides and slumping. I have chosen Barton on sea to study coasts because it is under threat by the Atlantic ocean. The combining south-westerly prevailing winds and the distance that the wave travels will cause viscous destructive waves and will destroy Barton's cliffs. I am now going Barton to test my hypothesis and see if my predictions are correct, if Barton's coastal management techniques are effective. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Coastal Landforms section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Coastal Landforms essays

  1. Walton on the naze coursework

    Day 1 Direction Day 2 Direction Average(Day 1 +2) Pill box 1 36.9 N 40 N 38.45 m Pill box 2 33.6 N 36 N 34.8 m S Beach 1 11.9 N 28 N 19.95 m S beach 2 13.7 N 26 N 19.85 m S beach 3 11.2 N 28 N 19.6 m Bar Graph from tabled results

  2. How and Why is Sheringham Protected from the Sea?

    13 10 13.6 34 2 4 3 8 6 4.6 38 1 3 2 4 11 3.4 40 13 17 8 6 11 11 42 22 11 13 9 10 24 44 33 12 5 4 6 16.8 Time between Waves breaking at East Runton Wave Time in Seconds 1

  1. "An investigation into the methods of coastal management along Brighton's Coastline and the reasons ...

    As the waves moves move back, pressure is released causing the air and water to expand. This explodes, breaking of rock fragments. > Abrasion is when breaking waves pound rocks and pebbles against the cliffs wearing the land away in a sandpaper effect.

  2. Investigate the difference in density of limpets on a sheltered rocky shore and on ...

    is included and that the area you choose to take samples will allow you to make accurate conclusions. 2. Mark 3.5 m from chart datum by following: * Take a metre rule and place it at chart datum * Holding the level square to 1m mark the position your eye sees on the beach.

  1. Herne Bay is situated along the stretch of the North Kent coast in Southeast. ...

    4 4 5 2 5 4 Section 4 (Furthest from the Sea) Sample 1 2 3 4 5 Mean(cm) Length 6 6 7 6 8 6.6 Breadth 4 5 5 3 4 4.2 Radius or Curvature 3 3.5 3.5 1.5 4 3.1 Type of Pebble (see fig 1.5)

  2. Is Dawlish Warren is threaten by human impacts and marine processes.

    However, the sandspit, which is used for nature reserves and as a nice place to walk upon is under threat from coastal processes. A sea wall at the southern end of the spit protects the railway from falling to it the sea, however during storms the sea wall is unable to stop the waves crashing on to the railway.

  1. Find out the geological appearance, structure and composition at Peacehaven, Newhaven and Rottingdean.

    Although a big disadvantage of sea walls is the expense. One metre of sea wall costs between �2000 and �5000. They also need frequent maintenance adding to the expense. Furthermore they are environmentally unfriendly as they disrupt the natural ecosystem of the animals living in that area.

  2. How and Why ChristChurch Bay is Manged

    another ranging pole at the first significant change of angle or ten meters up. Then the pebbles on the beach will be measured and recorded using clinometers (angle measure). Place the clinometers on the highest divide between the red and white band on the first ranging pole.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work