• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

can china feed itself

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Can China feed itself? In the past, China has had rapid population growth. It is the largest nation on earth in terms of population, with about 1.3 billion people. In the years before the communist takeover, the growth of the population in China was huge, as most families had several children. This continues today in rural china, where having lots of children is a good strategy for the future. In the urban areas, population growth rates were slowed by the one child policy, introduced in 1979, and also had extensive campaigning from the 1950's onwards; urging people not too have more than one child. Currently, population growth in China is at 0.59%, though this is an estimate as figures are difficult to collect in the rural areas. Rapid population growth was recognized as a problem by the countries leaders in 1950's, and that is why they eventually introduced the one child policy. They did not believe that the country could cope with the expansion in population. The population distribution in China has become increasingly uneven in recent years. ...read more.

Middle

In terms of agriculture, China produces huge amounts of food, particularly rice. Every scrap of land is farmed in China, and there has not been a major problem with food shortages in recent years. The problem will come with the continued growth of the Chinese population in the approaching years. Will the theories of Malthus be proved correct? The population growth in China has been slowing over the last 20 years, but it is still increasing. At the moment, there is no more land that is available for cultivation in China. The food it produces now is the food that is going to have to sustain the growing population. And according to the WHO (World Health Organization), about 12% of the Chinese population is malnourished, indicating that many people still don't get enough food. The problem may not even be about food. China is currently experiencing a drought. The country cannot give its people enough water, though they have come up with a solution that will divert water from the south to the north. However, the future in China could match the theories of Boserup. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is a large surplus of food in the western world, and it is likely western countries would be delighted to trade. In conclusion, it does appear that China is likely to face problems in the future with food shortages. The population is still growing rapidly and it is likely to outstrip food production in the near future. This will cause problems if China does nothing about technology or trade. But in the future, can China feed itself? It is likely that it can. There is still a lot of technology that China has to catch up on, particularly mechanization in farming and also in expanding areas for farming. Even if the technological revolution does not happen, the increased wealth generated by the booming economy will allow China to import much more food. And finally, the Chinese population is only expected to grow in the short term. It is projected that the one child policy will soon lead to a population decline in China. If this is the case then they will not have to feed such a huge population. Indeed, the population is expected to eventually fall to about 800 million. In the short term China may struggle to feed itself, but in the long term it should not have a problem. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Explain why urban-industrialization in China during the central planning period deprived the rural sector.

    From Autumn 1953, nationwide rationing was implemented, in order to extract more food to pay for the super power programme. The population were given just enough to survive and the rest was exported, 'just enough' equated to 200Kg of processed grain a year and this was called 'basic food'.

  2. Why was Malthus wrong about Japan?

    a study by Hayami, there was no evidence of sex selectiveness in families. Smith used this evidence to suggest that infanticide was a means of family limitation in Japan. Another piece evidence he found for the practice of infanticide was that small landholders had fewer children than large landholders, suggesting

  1. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    For this reason the initial distinction was made. The physical measures used are fairly obvious, consisting of food (intake, variety and starvation rates), consumption (of 'non productive' services and consumer goods), work (length of working day and the types of work done) welfare (percentages in different stages of education and access to healthcare), relative income levels, life expectancy,

  2. POPULATION GROWTH - China

    There are three variants of Mandarin. The first of these is the northern variant, of which the Peking dialect, or Peking hua, is typical and which is spoken to the north of the Tsinling Mountains-Huai River line: as the most widespread Chinese tongue, it has officially been adopted as the basis for a national language.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work