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can china feed itself

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Introduction

Can China feed itself? In the past, China has had rapid population growth. It is the largest nation on earth in terms of population, with about 1.3 billion people. In the years before the communist takeover, the growth of the population in China was huge, as most families had several children. This continues today in rural china, where having lots of children is a good strategy for the future. In the urban areas, population growth rates were slowed by the one child policy, introduced in 1979, and also had extensive campaigning from the 1950's onwards; urging people not too have more than one child. Currently, population growth in China is at 0.59%, though this is an estimate as figures are difficult to collect in the rural areas. Rapid population growth was recognized as a problem by the countries leaders in 1950's, and that is why they eventually introduced the one child policy. They did not believe that the country could cope with the expansion in population. The population distribution in China has become increasingly uneven in recent years. ...read more.

Middle

In terms of agriculture, China produces huge amounts of food, particularly rice. Every scrap of land is farmed in China, and there has not been a major problem with food shortages in recent years. The problem will come with the continued growth of the Chinese population in the approaching years. Will the theories of Malthus be proved correct? The population growth in China has been slowing over the last 20 years, but it is still increasing. At the moment, there is no more land that is available for cultivation in China. The food it produces now is the food that is going to have to sustain the growing population. And according to the WHO (World Health Organization), about 12% of the Chinese population is malnourished, indicating that many people still don't get enough food. The problem may not even be about food. China is currently experiencing a drought. The country cannot give its people enough water, though they have come up with a solution that will divert water from the south to the north. However, the future in China could match the theories of Boserup. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is a large surplus of food in the western world, and it is likely western countries would be delighted to trade. In conclusion, it does appear that China is likely to face problems in the future with food shortages. The population is still growing rapidly and it is likely to outstrip food production in the near future. This will cause problems if China does nothing about technology or trade. But in the future, can China feed itself? It is likely that it can. There is still a lot of technology that China has to catch up on, particularly mechanization in farming and also in expanding areas for farming. Even if the technological revolution does not happen, the increased wealth generated by the booming economy will allow China to import much more food. And finally, the Chinese population is only expected to grow in the short term. It is projected that the one child policy will soon lead to a population decline in China. If this is the case then they will not have to feed such a huge population. Indeed, the population is expected to eventually fall to about 800 million. In the short term China may struggle to feed itself, but in the long term it should not have a problem. ...read more.

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