• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Case Study of Deprivation in a Rural Area - Cornwall

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Case Study of Rural in a Remote Area - Cornwall 1. The main reason for deprivation in rural areas is their remoteness. Geographers use a theory called core and periphery to explain this. The UK's core is where the most wealth is produced. It extends from London to Leeds and Manchester. This core: * Produces 75% of the UK's goods and services * Has the highest wages and levels of investment * Has the densest transport infrastructure - most motorways, the busiest airports and the densest railway networks are there. Cornwall is far from the economic core - at least 4 hours from the edge and about * Around 8 hours to London (by HGV) * Around 6 hours to London (by rail) * Around 5 hours to London (by car) Rural areas within the core are better off than more remote areas. The UK's most affluent rural county is Surrey; average wages were �500 per week in 2006. 35% of Surrey's residents work in London in professional employment - their average wages were even higher in 2006 (�800 a week) Remote rural areas are described as the periphery, and are poorly served by transport infrastructure. They are a long way from core markets, and job opportunities are fewer. There are some benefits - peripheral areas can be cheaper to live in - but they often suffer depopulation as young people leave to find jobs. ...read more.

Middle

Investors have to start the process, and then apply for amounts of money from other sources, called match funding. This might come from public sources, e.g. local councils, or from private sources, e.g. banks. So, investors can: 1. Set up �20,000 of their own money 2. Get a bank loan for another �20,000, making �40,000 3. Ask local councils to match it to make �80,000 4. Bid for the South West Development Agency to match it to �160,000 5. Finally, bid for Objective One funds to match it, creating �320,000 Success rate - It is still the weakest economy in England. But from 1994-2004 it grew at 5.8% per year, ahead of the UK average of 5.4%. In 2003, the Cornish economy showed the greatest improvement of any region of the EU. However, its schemes have had varying success - from the greater-than-expected Eden project, to failing schemes like South West Film Studios. But Professor Peter Gripaios of Plymouth Business School criticises it. He claims that it was wrong to give Objective One funding to some projects. By 2007, Objective One had backed 580 projects in Cornwall with �230 million, but Mr. Gripaios claims that 'the jam has been spread too thinly on too many projects'. Success: 1. The Extreme Sports Academy at Watergate Bay - near Newquay airport, is targeting a younger age group. ...read more.

Conclusion

> Focusing on higher-value products, such as vegetables, cheese, and wine. > Adopting eco-approached to managing the environment, such as planting mixed woodland. > Adopting welfare approaches towards animals rearing which focus on the quality of care. Lobb's Farm Shop Until 2003, three brothers from the Lobb family, in south Cornwall, were making just �30,000 from their 800 acres, shared between three families. Their farm is near the Lost Gardens of Heligan, south Cornwall's second biggest tourist attraction after the Eden Project. They created a shop to sell their beef and lamb to a potential market of 463,000 visitors a year visiting the Gardens. The project, Lobb's Farm Shop, was financed using �200,000 funding from Objective One and central government. The shop's focus is meat and vegetables produced on the farm, and other locally sourced products such as Cornish wine, chesses, etc. It has created 14 new jobs, with more in the summer months. These include: * 5 butchers (2 full-time, 2 part-time and a trainee) * 1 full-time and 6 part-time shop assistants * 2 administrative staff It has generated over �600,000 in additional sales in 3 years. However, it is more than just a shop. It includes: * A visitor centre informing visitors about farming, and tours to show them what happens on a farm. * Ways of improving environmental quality on the farm by attracting wildlife - planting in ways that will attract birds and insects. * Managing and raising beef cattle in a welfare-conscious way. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    For my Travel and Tourism coursework I have chosen Marbella as my European destination ...

    4 star(s)

    The old town is further away from the coast towards the bottom Sierra Blanca mountain range. The streets are very narrow and are lined with the old white traditional Spanish buildings and their balconies with flowers on. At the heart of the town in the centre is Plaza de los Naranjos (Orange Square)

  2. Case Study of Rural Rebranding of Blaenau Ffestiniog

    as how Blaenau Ffestiniog sits within the policy context, the need for honest and meaningful engagement with the local community, which is important (key) to understanding the current and future needs of residents and other users. The design process therefore placed at the heart of its design development process a

  1. Microclimates.My purpose of this study is to establish whether my hypotheses are true or ...

    Human activities in cities also produce emissions of heat, water vapour and pollutants that directly impact the temperature, humidity, visibility and air quality in the atmosphere above cities. On slightly larger scales, urbanization can also lead to changes in precipitation above and downwind of urban areas.

  2. "What is the relation between the image of the 'rural' and the idea of ...

    This leads to the next point of discussion. The next area of significance in answering this question is the graduation from rural to city, and the connection with which these two novels, 'Jude The Obscure' and 'Howard's End' explain this. There is a common relation between the theme country to city.

  1. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    in Purley such as Boots, which is also providing the same goods as Tesco. This will lead to both pharmacies to compete by cutting the prices down and make more goods available Many shops have been closed down due to the poor amount of clients they get.

  2. Report on Spain and the tourist attractions of Murcia.

    Languages of Spain shown in a pie chart: (Selil. (2009) [online image] available from: selil.com [accessed 23 July 2010]) Map showing languages spoken in Spain by location: (Mapney, (2010) [online image] Available from: mapsof.net/.../png/languages-of-Spain [accessed 23 July 2010]) Events and fiesta's JANUARY San Pedro del Pinitar 5th the eve of Los Reyes Magos.

  1. Explain why urban-industrialization in China during the central planning period deprived the rural sector.

    in their possession 52% of the land, this large inequality meant that the wealthy 9% were able to keep the majority; the poor peasants, in a state of deprivation and the structure of the system pre-Mao meant that the poor were trapped in this state of poverty with no means of escaping.

  2. Locality and Hapiness: A Study of Quality of Life

    This, I believe will also help show what life is like on these areas and will help prove my hypothesis correct. For secondary data collection I will also use the Internet to find informative data about each of the three wards of Barking, Upminster and Whitechapel.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work