• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Case study of infectious disease - malaria and its effects on Kenya.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Case Study of Infectious disease: Malaria What is the disease, and where did it originate? Malaria is a tropical disease spread by night-biting mosquitoes. When a mosquito infected with malaria parasites (plasmodia) bites you, it injects the parasites into your body. (http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/malaria/Pages/Introduction.aspx) The disease results from the multiplication of Plasmodium parasites within red blood cells, causing symptoms that typically include fever and headache, in severe cases progressing to coma or death. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaria) The specific data of where malaria originated from is unknown; but Malaria has been infecting humans for at least 500 million years, and may have existed as a pathogen in other species for even longer. For this reason it is impossible to know where the first cases of malaria appeared. ...read more.

Middle

How has the disease affected a country of your choice in particular? (Kenya) Kenya is a country in East Africa that lies on the equator; bordering the Indian Ocean, between Somalia and Tanzania and has a land area of 580,000 km2 and a population of nearly 41 million. With crude birth rate; 39.22 per 1,000 people, where only 38% of the population have access to sanitation. Kenya is severely under risk from malaria; which is having drastic impacts on the country and its entire population. This map of Kenya shows that nearly all of Kenya is at high risk from malaria, except from the area surrounding Kenya's capital; Nairobi, which is at low to no risk from malaria. The most likely reason is that the majority of the economic wealth is concentrated at Nairobi, as it is the central business district of the country (urban). ...read more.

Conclusion

* The total fertility rate in Kenya is estimated to be 4.49 children per woman in 2012 * Life expectancy is estimated at between 47 and 55 years. (http://www.kemri.org/index.php & Wikipedia..Com) Management of Malaria in Kenya: However, the disease is trying to be managed using several methods; * Vector control using insecticide treated nets - Fifteen million nets were distributed between 2001 and 2009. insecticide treated net use by children under 5 years rose from 4.6 percent in 2003 to 50.2 percent in 2006 after a free mass insecticide treated net distribution targeting 3.4 million children under five. * Epidemic Preparedness and Response (EPR) - This approach is intended to improve epidemic preparedness and response by establishment of malaria early warning systems and carrying out preventive measures such as the Indoor Residue Spraying campaigns. * Information Education Communication - This strategy is to better arm the public with malaria preventive and treatment knowledge. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A very good over view of Malaria, particularly focused on Kenya. The case study incorporates useful data and references it. To improve further, more detail about the breeding grounds and the reasons for the differences in the prevalence of the disease across the country would have been valuable.
4 stars

Marked by teacher Molly Reynolds 17/09/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    For my Travel and Tourism coursework I have chosen Marbella as my European destination ...

    4 star(s)

    popular Mediterranean resorts in southern Spain and Europe itself, for example Puerto Banus and Torremolinos. The region received a total of 8.5 million visitors back in 2005 of which 40% were Spanish and 31% British. This excellent location that Marbella is situated in is one of the main reasons as

  2. Case Study of Rural Rebranding of Blaenau Ffestiniog

    series of events that helped key stakeholders and the community engaged in the initial visioning and needs identification process. A stakeholder event which was hosted by Ffestiniog Railway involved over 30 representatives participating in a role playing workshop on the Ffestiniog Railway line from Tan-y-bwlch station to Blaenau Ffestiniog.

  1. London Docklands Case Study.

    Also workers who lived there were very limited with their skills and could not handle the new technology. Because of the closing down of the docks now, the areas became run down. This was problem, as no-one would want to live there let alone set up a business there, 40% of land was derelict now.

  2. Population Distribution in China.

    Therefore it is clear to see that the majority of the population would prefer to live in the much more comfortable climatic conditions in the southeast area of China and therefore the population distribution in these areas is far greater.

  1. Mexico city case study.

    This can be seen from the diagram on the next page showing all the push and pull factors which has resulted in the colossal migration, which has led to Mexico City becoming a mega city. As a result of the general pull factor of jobs and higher wage prospects the

  2. Microclimates.My purpose of this study is to establish whether my hypotheses are true or ...

    They also affect the albedo and the flow of air in the urban area. It is for these reasons that urban areas have their own distinctive climates. Urban areas also tend to have high thermal capacities, this is due to their surfaces being non-reflective and thus absorbs heat in the daytime, they are said to have high albedo rates.

  1. Case Study of Deprivation in a Rural Area - Cornwall

    Mostly, it is because of the decline in traditional employment. In Cornwall, primary employment dominated until the 1970's. This included farming, fishing, tin mining and quarrying china clay. Each sector declined for the reasons shown in the table. Rural areas are now producing less than they used to - so

  2. land use pattern

    30 years after the concentric and sector models, which were made in the 1920s and the 1930s. They thought that many cities did not fit the traditional concentric zone or sector models, so they proposed their theory. The model suggests that a city may have more than one nuclei/centre apart from the CBD.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work