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Case Study: Water Management Scheme/Flood Control

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Introduction

Case Study: Water Management Scheme/Flood Control Aswan Dam, Egypt * The Aswan Dam is in Egypt, which is in Africa. The dam is on the river Nile which is 6698km long, the dam is 3600km and extends 480km into Sudan. * Aswan is about 200km away from the Egyptian coast bordering the Red Sea * Is about 700km south of Cairo - the capital of Egypt * About 800km South of the Mediterranean Sea * About 230km North of the Border of Sudan * About 800km West of the Border of Libya The features of the dam were: * To prevent flooding of the land around the river Nile. ...read more.

Middle

The farmers now have to use chemical fertilisers, which costs them a lot money and causes pollution. * The silt used to keep the big Nile delta fertile and safe from erosion by the sea, but the delta is now being eroded. * Water snails spread a disease called bilharzia. The dam causes these snails to grow in numbers so the disease is spread more * The evaporation of irrigation water has caused a build up of salt in the soil, reducing yield of farmland. * 10000 people in Nubia had to be moved because they had to flood it to create the reservoir. Many of the people did not want to leave and homes, religious buildings and cemeteries were lost. ...read more.

Conclusion

So basically the scheme was successful of its goal but does have a few flaws with it. Other useful facts * The second dam was built 5km upstream from the original dam as the original dam kept overflowing, causing floods, they decided against rising the original dam for a third time. * The Soviet Union helped build the dam * It took 11 years to build; workers worked all day and night to get it finished. * Egypt asked to borrow money from the World Bank to help build the dam, which was accepted, but later was rejected again for unknown reasons. * Lake Nasser was created behind the Aswan Dam. It is the largest artificial lake in the World (310 miles in length). It is named after Gamal Abdul Nasser, who a former President of Egypt. Nathan Cook Geography Case Study ...read more.

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