• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Causes and consequences of Land, air and noise pollution in Cairo.

Extracts from this document...


Causes and consequences of Land, air and noise pollution in Cairo Air pollution The air pollution in Cairo is a serious problem. The amount of air pollution is approximately 10 to 100 times greater than what is considered to be a safe limit. Cairo is amongst the leading air polluting cities in the world including Mexico, Tokyo and Delhi. The quality of the air in downtown Cairo is very poor and most of the air pollution is caused by particular hydrocarbons and lead, which are often emitted by cars, as there are over 1 million cars on the streets of Cairo emitting harmful substances. There are several other factors and pollutants in the air as well. Things like nitrous and sulphur oxides as well as carbon monoxide all make a deadly combination. ...read more.


Assuming that everyone will receive treatment for their diseases the total cost will be 5 billion Egyptian pounds. Land pollution There are many different types of land pollution that occur in Cairo. The common ones include, fertilisers, pesticides, herbicides, and sewage treatments. Improper collection inappropriate disposal of rubbish has also led to sever land pollution in some areas. Increasing urban development leads to deterioration of rubbish collection. In urban areas around 40% -70% of the waste is collected. Hospitals deposit around 209 tonnes of waste every day. 20% of this is hazardous. Annually 50,000 tonnes of hazardous waste is deposited annually in Cairo. Another problem is that a lot of the rubbish is just deposited in deserts due to lack of proper rubbish facilities, and in the case of hospitals a lot of the rubbish that is collected is not really sorted. ...read more.


One of these is the noise from mosques. There are 365 mosques in Cairo, and within a 2km radius one can count 40 loudspeakers. Upon prayer time different mosques at different times pronounce their prayers and so quite a large noise is made. Many resident have complained due to the noise. Another form of noise pollution is the constant traffic of cars and honking of horns loudly in residential areas, which has also been a nuisance for many residents. Finally since Cairo is quite a popular destination for tourists and due to it's central location in the Middle East lots of airplanes come and go from Cairo and the noise of planes is quite loud. The main consequences of noise pollution can be uncomfortable living standards, as you always have to put up with loud noise. Possibly in an extremely noisy area you could partially deaf in the ear leading to problems in life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. I am going to research waste pollution. I have chosen to research waste pollution ...

    Recycling saves far more energy because it means making less new things from raw materials. * Causes pollution Smoke, gases and ash from incinerators can contain harmful dioxins which are a cause of cancer. Landfill dumping rubbish in the ground or in waste mountains: * Release toxins Rotting rubbish emits explosive gases and polluting liquids.

  2. Atmospheric Pollution – an Environmental Law Essay

    Although issues are still to be found on a daily basis in any newspaper one picks up, the fact remains that things are getting better - or are getting worse, at a slower rate than they were previously. 4.3 'Air pollution is not a new phenomenon that has been getting

  1. Waste, the Landfill Tax and the Inert Problem

    Until recently the term waste was not defined in UK legislation, in the UK 1974 Control of Pollution ACT controlled waste was defined as "those wastes subject to its control." This caused immense confusion as this piece of legislation did not even tell people what waste was, this confusion has

  2. The causes of desertificationDesertification is the degradation of drylands. It involves the loss of ...

    International economic forces can encourage people to overexploit their land. International trade patterns can lead to the short-term exploitation of local resources for export, leaving little profit at the community level for managing or restoring the land. Similarly, the development of an economy based on cash crops, or the imposition

  1. A report concerning new business development in the local area, which is the Paddington ...

    it is important how the developers and their organisations approach the environmental issues. For instance air pollution and building noise are known to be problems arising from this development and to reduce it the developers have limited hours they can work on building sites, so that the health and natural

  2. Management of woodland area.

    The remains form the first two tests will be small dirt and stone so in order to separate them I will use a sieve and then I will take the mass again. I will do the soil analysis because I want to determine the level of nutrients found in a soil sample.

  1. Pollution levels - Record the pollution level of a particular pollutant in five different ...

    * Carbon monoxide (CO) * Ozone (O3) * Benzene (C6H6) * Toxic Organic Micropollutants * Acid rain * Particulate matter * Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) * Hydrocarbons * 1,3 - Butadiene * Lead The following units of measurement are used throughout: - * ppb - parts per billion * ppm - parts per million *

  2. What is the point of finding out about air pollution levels and factors of ...

    The suns energy can not leave the atmosphere therefore the earth warms, which makes the ice caps melts therefore the sea leave to rise. Combustion is the reaction of burning fuels the reaction is rapid, I produces light, sound and energy which in a car drivers the piston which makes the car move.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work