• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Changes Made By The Industrial Revolution.

Extracts from this document...


Changes Made By The Industrial Revolution In mid 18th century Britain, 7 million people lived in small rural villages. Farming was the main occupation for workers at this time. Apart from London there were no cities and no factories. Woollen cloth, coal mining and iron were main industries. The years between 1750 - 1850 are known as the First Industrial Revolution. In this period of time, the population of Britain trebled to 21 million people. In 1850 coal mining, iron and steel, cotton, wool and shipbuilding were now the most important industries. Between 1850 - 1880, Britain was the world's leading industrial country, sometimes called 'The Workshop Of The World'. By 1880 USA, and Germany began to challenge Britain and with the industry still growing, now producing cars, bicycles, electrical engineering and chemicals, this was now called The Second Industrial Revolution. In the early 18th century woollen cloth was the most important industry in Britain. ...read more.


The industry needed better roads. It had to gain more raw materials, like coal, iron ore and wool - to workshops and factories. It also needed to get finished goods as well, like cloth to its markets. From about 1810 better roads brought a boom in stagecoach travel. A journey from London to York, which took 5 days in 1750, took only 1 day in 1840. Coaching came to an end in 1840, and was replaced by more efficient and reliable transport such as canals and the railways. Gottlieb Daimler built the first petrol drive car in 1883, which revived the transport with better road surfaces invented by men such as John Macaden. Rail had longed been used to carry heavy vehicles. It had always been the fastest way of travel. The railways always helped industry to take goods from one place to another. The railways were always a much more efficient mode of transport than the canals, so like the coaches they died out as well. ...read more.


The water supply was another problem; the homes of the poor had no taps so they had to use the public water, which was extremely dirty. Sewage and rubbish disposal were main problems as well, because the sanitation in Britain at this time was poor. Of course not everyone lived in the city, the countryside was much cleaner and safer. Health was a major problem. Infectious disease thrived through towns. In 1840 one in six children died before their first birthday, one in three before they reached 5. Typhoid was spread in infected water; bacteria coughed into the air carried tuberculosis, typhus was a virus spread by lice. In 1831 a new killer disease appeared: cholera came into Sunderland from abroad. Better medical treatments happened in 1847 by Dr James Simpson who had developed chloroform as an anesthetic for surgeons to carry out more complicated operations. A mixture of new laws and medical progress started to reduce the worst of the health problems in the towns. Simon Wood 9PC ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. How should we nowadays understand the Anglo-Saxon 'Invasions' of lowland Britain?

    Since there are clear continuities in some areas, this implies the survival of substantial numbers of ethnic Britons in the Anglo-Saxon parts of Britain; the most logical way to explain the major changes that are apparent is therefore through acculturation, which, as we have seen, provides an adequate explanation for these transformations.

  2. Population Challenge

    The mandatory detention remains a very controversial aspect of the Australian Immigration Policy. The government believes that it is an essential component of strong border control and maintains that their actions are justified in protecting Australia's border and ensuring that immigration law is enforced.

  1. The Killer whale

    Today it is one of the most celebrated marine mammals in the world. In the Pacific Northwest the killer whale is a totem species, symbolizing the freedom and wildness of the marine frontier. But these ideals have drawn more people and development to the Pacific Northwest over time, causing the

  2. Assessing noise pollution mainly from public transport and other motorists.

    This can either be from West or north side first. Pointing the noise meter towards the traffic for one minute, using metre to hold a record of the highest sound. This will be done four times at 10 metres away from traffic.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work