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China Population policy was the correct approach to control an expanding population

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Introduction

China Population policy was the correct approach to control an expanding population China has the largest population in the World, 1 275 million inhabitants in 2000. In the 20 years following World War II China's population growth and its total fertility rate were well above the world average. Between 1950 and 1955 China's fertility rate has 6.22 whereas the average world fertility rate was 5.02. This paper will investigate China's policy to control population growth. In 1950's China had a high birth rate, 38/1000. People were encouraged to have as many children as possible because the country's leader Mao Tse-tung believed that this would lead China to become a stronger nation. At the same time, improved food supplies and medical care led to lower death rates. During the 'Great Leap Forward', 1959-1961, many of the people working in the rural areas were encouraged to become more industrialised, hence agriculture became less important. This led to disorganised farming and terrible famine. This resulted in high infant mortality rates 284/1000 and birth rates fell, the population decreased by 14 million between 1959 and 1961. (See the dip of the birth rate in the 1960's) Attempts to control the population during the 1960's were opposed by the Cultural Revolution. The population increased every three years by 55 million. Fear that further population increase would result in mass starvation by the end of the century, state family planning programmes started in the 1970's. ...read more.

Middle

This was forced on women, which meant they had limited rights. * Selective abortions. Families want a male child and therefore kill off female foetuses or even live baby girls to make sure that their "only child" is a boy. * There is risk of an imbalance in gender because traditionally boys have been preferred over girls since boys support the family and continue the family line whereas girls are married off. * If the family decides to have two children, they face economic sanctions. * Children are spoilt due to the fact they are an only child, 'Little Emperors' * Families working in rural areas depended on child labour * Families that do have one child and are depending on him/her to support them face hardship if this only child dies and they can't have any second child because they are already too old * A long term effect is the rapid decrease in young people and the rise in the share of elderly people. This effects the working population because they pay for the elderly. China's dependency ratio for the elderly is going to more than triple in the next 50 years I believe that the 'one child' policy was the right way to control population growth, since this policy has stabilised the population of China, but I do understand why people don't believe that it was the most ethical solution for this problem. ...read more.

Conclusion

Other problems have also developed because of this policy because peoples attempt to circumvent the one child policy. The question is, is it better that several babies are killed or foetuses are aborted or that great numbers of people die because of starvation as a result of overpopulation. This was the choice China had to face. China has relaxed its policy recently and has allowed people who were single children to marry and have more than one child. This policy will also benefit the country because China has been able to control its population growth unlike most developing countries and this will lead to economic development for the future. Population growth rate (%) Total fertility rate (children per woman) Year China World China World 1950-1955 1.9 1.8 6.2 5.0 1955-1960 1.5 1.8 5.6 5.0 1960-1965 2.1 2.0 5.7 5.0 1965-1970 2.6 2.0 6.1 4.9 1970-1975 2.2 1.9 4.9 4.5 1975-1980 1.5 1.7 3.3 3.9 1980-1985 1.4 1.7 2.6 3.6 1985-1990 1.5 1.7 2.5 3.4 1990-1995 1.1 1.5 1.9 3.0 1995-2000 0.9 1.4 1.8 2.8 2000-2005 0.7 1.2 1.8 2.7 2005-2010 0.6 1.1 1.9 2.6 2010-2015 0.5 1.1 1.9 2.5 2015-2020 0.4 0.9 1.9 2.4 2020-2025 0.2 0.8 1.9 2.3 2025-2030 0.1 0.7 1.9 2.3 2030-2035 0.0 0.6 1.9 2.2 2035-2040 -0.1 0.5 1.9 2.1 2040-2045 -0.3 0.4 1.9 2.1 2045-2050 -0.4 0.3 1.9 2.0 2 1 http://www.iussp.org/Bangkok2002/S02Leiwen.pdf 2 http://esa.un.org/unpp/index.asp?panel=2 2002 Revision of World Population Prospects 1 ...read more.

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