• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cold environments may be developed in a sustainable manner. To what extent do you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Cold environments may be developed in a sustainable manner. To what extent do you agree with this statement? I disagree with this statement more than I agree with it. Cold environments in the world that were previously wilderness areas have undergone development, and nearly all of them have proved to be unsustainable. In the alpine areas, the mountains are a major magnet because of the scenery and the wide variety of winter sports that can take place there. The Alps have been developed as a tourist area. Although tourism benefits the area economically, it is socially and environmentally unsustainable. Tradition and culture has been eroded away because many young people now go down the mountains into urban areas in search of jobs. ...read more.

Middle

Aside from that, in the 1989, there was the problem of the Exxon Valdez oil spill, which polluted the ocean and killed hundreds of birds and marine wildlife. Oil exploration and the invasion of the Europeans into Inuit territory were also socially unsustainable. The traditional way of life was lost as many Inuits were forced to live the 'white' way and many Inuit children were taken from their parents and educated in missionary schools. Their traditional ways of hunting were also lost due to severe regulations on gun control and the introduction of currency into their simple economy. The latter was also the cause of excessive and unsustainable sealing and hunting in the tundra and arctic lands. Although the areas around the Southern Ocean have not been developed, vast quantities of natural fish, seal and whale resources have been taken out. ...read more.

Conclusion

Scientific and research stations, although few, have contributed to waste generated in the area, along with footpath erosion. Most of the waste is shipped to the UK for processing, but what remains cannot decompose easily in the cold climate. Due to efforts of the Antarctic Treaty ratified in 1991 and much pressure from the environmental groups however, the Antarctic region has largely remained untouched. Where development takes place, it cannot be said to be sustainable, because changes have to be made to the area to accommodate people and people contribute to environmental degradation at the very least, even if great care is taken not to disturb or disrupt natural environments. The development of cold environments is mainly unsustainable, although tourism in Antarctica seems to be otherwise. Who knows, however, whether it will remain sustainable in the future because of increased tourism, or because of better technology to fuel mass tourism. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

A good overview of sustainability in cold environments. In some places further specific examples would strengthen the argument, however generally this is a good answer.

Marked by teacher Molly Reynolds 07/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Natural disasters and a lack of resources are the main causes of global poverty. ...

    4 star(s)

    This eventually led to a shortage of food, and Senegal had to import rice which was an economic strain on the country. This resulted in colonies struggling to develop themselves and escape poverty, as they were constantly having to provide for Europe.

  2. Sustainable Tourism in Australia

    The new organisation brings together the collective skills and knowledge of four separate organisations which include: the Australian Tourist Commission, See Australia, the Bureau of Tourism Research and Tourism Forecasting Council. Tourism Australia's main objectives under their Tourism Australia Act 2004 are to: * Influence people to travel to Australia,

  1. Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Tourism: Antipodes

    amounts of money and sometimes behaving in ways that even they would not accept at home. One effect is that local people that come in contact with these tourists may develop a sort of copying behavior, as they want to live and behave in the same way.

  2. The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry and the Factors Affecting it Today

    The fact that people are living longer, the fall in the number of young people, the increase in one parent households, more couples choosing not to have children or to delay having children all point to the fact that the type of travel and tourism products and services will change radically.

  1. Evaluation of the London Docklands development corporation (LDDC)

    Achievements of the LDDC: (All claimed by a publication published by the LDDC) Physical regeneration > 879 hectares(2,173 acres) of urban development land and water acquired > 728 hectares(1800 acres) of derelict land reclaimed within the urban development area > 135.5kms(84 miles)

  2. Development of the leisure and recreation industry

    to say that people are richer, the following way are used to save on some money and subsequently can lead to people becoming slightly richer: Money can be saved on bills if usage is reduced or bill paid early, so to not incurring any or as many interest or penalty charges.

  1. The External Marketing environment

    This often determines when and whether people buy. Interest rate changes affect business markets like the manufacturing and distribution industries and consumer markets where high value purchases on credit take place, such as real estate. Inflation often has a knock on effect, leading to increased prices, which adds to macro-level inflation.

  2. What is Dependency Theory and how does it apply to development?

    Less developed nations provided raw materials, cheap labor and markets for developed countries. Rich countries then manufactured products or objects out of the resources given by the poor countries. Later on, rich countries (like USA or Germany) would sell it back to a poor country.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work