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Compare 5-year plans' industrial development with the collectivisation agricultural development.

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Introduction

1. Compare 5-year plans' industrial development with the collectivisation agricultural development. Russia had always been a late developer and was behind the rest of Europe in economic standings. Still far from being modern like many other countries in terms of industrial development and agricultural production, the Soviet Union was weak and at the risk of being defeated or enslaved. In 1927, when Joseph Stalin came to hold absolute power in the Soviet Union, he aimed to erase all traces of capitalism that had seeped in under the New Economic Policy, and to transform the Soviet Union as quickly as possible, without regard to cost, into an industrialized and completely socialist state. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand, Stalin set ambitious targets for industrial growth for every five years and carried out a series of five-year plans. Each five-year plan dealt with all aspects of development, yet the emphasis varied form plan to plan. The first five year plan was started straight away in 1928 and was ended in 1932. It focused on key heavy industries. High production targets were set for coal, iron, steel and oil mining. The result was surprisingly good. The second five-year plan (1933-1937) was built on the achievements of the first plan. Heavy industry was still a priority, but other areas like consumer industry were also developed. Mining was intensified, and transport and communication, was improved due to new railways and canals being built. ...read more.

Conclusion

Food production dropped between 1928 and 1932. 15 million Russians died in starvation due to the famine situation in 1932 -1934. Stalin's plans for rapid industrialization were very successful, industrial production increased tremendously. There was a great expansion in production of coal, iron and steel. Transportation and communications also greatly improved. By 1940, the Soviet Union had climbed from one of the least to one of the most industrialised countries, she was second only to USA in heavy industry. Nevertheless, Stalin's demand to achieve high targets resulted in deaths and maltreatment of millions of people. The safety levels for workers were extremely low, especially with icy conditions. In conclusion, collectivisation was a political success but an economic failure and a human disaster; while the five-year plans was an economic success but again was at human costs. ...read more.

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