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Compare the effectiveness of strategies to reduce poverty in the UK and in Guyana.

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´╗┐Comparative essay, Phoebe Russell Compare the effectiveness of strategies to reduce poverty in the UK and in Guyana. Poverty comes in two forms, relative poverty and absolute poverty. Relative poverty is when you can?t afford the goods and services deemed necessary to participate fully in society, and absolute poverty holding the definition of not having enough money to afford the basic human needs for survival (Baker, B 2011). Both of these types of poverty can be reduced with the enforcement of government strategies. This essay will focus on the UK and Guyana because they?re highly contrasting countries; The UK is a thriving MEDC that contains high levels of income inequality whereas Guyana is an LEDC and one of the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere (Guyana?s poverty reduction paper, 2005). In order to compare the two countries, the government action in both the UK and in Guyana will be looked at and compared with attempts to deal with key problems affecting poverty, such as standards of healthcare, education and literacy rates. ...read more.


Low wage employment in Guyana is very common, with 71.5% of the population living in rural areas and working as self-employed agricultural labourers. By improving education, it gives the population the skills and knowledge needed to access well paid jobs and therefore earn an income. Today, Guyana?s education system is one of the worst, with a ratio of students to trained teachers ranging from 41:1 to 186:1. To develop the education system, the Guyanese Government spends 4.4% of total expenditure on education with improvements such as training 201 head teachers, a new methodology to improve the teaching of reading and causing secondary enrolment rates to rise from 54% to 65%. (CIA World Factbook) In the UK a vast 13.5 million people, 23%, are living in poverty (CIA World Factbook). This percentage is nearly half that of Guyana?s poverty population but it?s still a huge problem that the government are trying to tackle. When comparing the education systems, looking at Guyana?s expenditure of 4.4% against the UK?s 5.3% represents that Guyana isn?t spending enough on improving their education. ...read more.


However, the UK?s attempts seem to be more effective and better at supporting the poor. This is because, Guyana needs to invest more of it?s GDP into the education system in order to train a sufficient amount of teachers, to lower the pupil teacher ratio, and ensure the best future in terms of employment. Also, I believe that 1.7% of Guyana?s GDP is never going to be enough to get rid of the diseases that are quickly spreading through the population, such as HIV and malaria. The poor are most vulnerable to catching diseases, as they can?t afford to life a balanced and healthy lifestyle. Equally, by spending more money of the health system and improving sanitation this would continue to decrease the infant mortality rate which is currently much higher than UK?s. The UK however, need to act in order to bring down the unemployment figure as this would allow people to earn an income letting them improve their living standards. Word count: 1025 words ...read more.

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