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Comparing the Population of Brazil and the USA

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Introduction

Comparing the Population of BRAZIL and the USA ~ Introduction ~ The population of Brazil in 1957 was 52 million. That was approximately a third of the population of The United Sates at that time, whose population was around 151 million. Estimates of the population of Brazil vary between 160 million and 171 million. The most recent census in 1996 gave a total of 157 million, which was believed to be about 5% short of the total. (IBGE Website). Other online sources stated the population for Brazil in July 2001 to be 174 million, compared to the United States Population of 278 million. The information displayed above clearly shows that The USA population is larger than that of Brazils, but not as much so as 50 years ago. There are many factors which have affected the population of both countries and I will underline these in the essay. ~ Body ~ Brief look into life in Brazil and the USA Given the colonial history of Brazil, there is a rich ethnic mix of white (mainly of European, mostly Portuguese origin) 55%, mixed white and black, or mulattos 38%, black 6% and the remaining 1% Amerindian (Indian), South East Asian or Arab in origin. Whereas the majority of the population is white with around twelve and a half per cent black and just over three per cent Asian. The Native American makes up less than one per cent of the population. With the exception of the Indian population, Brazilians consider themselves as one people with a single culture. The country has seemed to absorb the culture of many different ethnic groups, this being a great attribute to Brazil's colonial and immediate post-colonial history. ...read more.

Middle

The death rate recorded in 2001 for USA was 8.7 deaths/1000, whereas in 2001 for Brazil it was 9.34 deaths /1000. It is clear that from my sources in 2001 Brazil had a higher death rate. Death rate is a different matter all together, with many factors affecting it, such as the presence of AIDS (diseases in general) and standard of health services. Other factors that affect the death rate of a place/country are: * War * Famine * Natural Disasters * Hygiene * Life expectancy The AIDS problem for Brazil in 2001 seems to be getting worse than for the USA. In the USA there were around 80 thousand people living with AIDS, but in Brazil there were 500 thousand. In both countries about 20 thousand died of AIDS. The infant mortality rate is a valuable piece of information, which can give you a clear indication into the state of the country's health service. The infant mortality rate for the USA in 2001 was 6.76 deaths/1000 births, far better compared to Brazil's in 2001, with an infant mortality rate of 36.96 deaths/1000 births. This shows that the health service in the USA is more superior to Brazil's, with having more doctors per 1000 people and definitely more hospitals. The hygiene in these hospitals in the USA is probably also better than that of Brazil's. The USA has a many earthquakes along the San Andreas Fault and also tornadoes and hurricanes elsewhere. Recently, flooding and mudslides due to deforestation on hills, are natural disasters that have struck Brazil. The buildings in the USA are built with earthquake resistance in mind. ...read more.

Conclusion

The country's occupants have to take out health insurance to have a chance of higher life expectancy. There are hospitals scattered around the country for poor people to receive treatment when needed. I expect the health care in Brazil is not free either and that there is less care available anyway. Immigration/ Emigration The net migration rate was 3.5migrant(s)/1000 population for the USA and for Brazil -0.03migrant(s)/1000 population. There are many factors to why people emigrate and immigrate Push factors * Lack of work * War * Lack of social life * Poor education * Lack of freedom * Disease * Famine * Natural disasters Pull Factors * Promise of work (or more jobs available) * Education (or superior education system) * Freedom * Urban Life * Superior health services (Superior public services in general) Reasons to emigrate to USA rather than Brazil * Superior health care * Superior education system/service * Less disease * More jobs * More opportunity for an individual to create wealth * Very dynamic lifestyle * Earn more - wealthier country ~ Conclusion ~ The USA has got a bigger population mainly because of its history of immigration to the country. Another important factor is that their economy is far more stable, which means that their government can invest more into the service sector to help the population have a better quality of life. The more stable the country is in general (stable financially, politically, etc), and the better the public services are (especially the health service), the more likely the population are to thrive and to live to an older age. This is all seems relatively true for the USA. ...read more.

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