• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Comparison Between MEDC and LEDC

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Comparison Between MEDC and LEDC The comparisons between MEDC- More Economically Developed Country and LEDC-Less Economically Developed Country are many and varied but are mainly related to finance which gives the MEDC a higher standard of living for its occupants than those of the LEDC. Geographically most MEDC are situated in the northern hemisphere were as the LEDC are mostly in the southern hemisphere. Most MEDC are well advanced or have completed their development period for example the United Kingdom were as the LEDC are still in the early stages. Development of a country can be shown in a demographic transition model; this model consists of four stages. Stage one is pre modern which is when the birth rate and death rate fluctuate between each other which keeps population at a low, but stable point. Next is urbanizing and industrializing, at this stage the death rate drops due to better health care, standard of living etc and causes the population to increase quite quickly. Stage three is called mature industrial in this phase the birth rate stays high and the death rate is low so the population still increases quickly due to better technology. ...read more.

Middle

The death rate in MEDC is low because they have good health care and a better understanding of diets and health and fitness. Due to poor standards of sanitation and lack of food and water LEDC have a higher death rate. Another factor which makes their death rate high is their poor health care and lack of technology. For example the birth rate for the UK is 11.34 births per 1000 people and the death rate is 10.3 deaths per 1000 people. In an LEDC like Nigeria the birth rate is 40.52 births per 1000 people and the death rate is 14.58 deaths per 1000 people. As you can see LEDC have higher death rates and birth rates. Life expectancy in the different types of country vary and an MEDC has a higher life expectancy than and LEDC. The reason for this difference is that an MEDC has a better health service and care for elderly people compeered to LEDC whose health service is not as good and they can not really afford to look after their elderly for example the average life expectancy in an MEDC is roughly 85 years where LEDC is 38 years of age. ...read more.

Conclusion

MEDC have lots of resources in both types of population. It is the size of the population that causes worries for the MEDC countries, if the population is to large the resources will start to become depleted. Although the LEDC can support and provide for their people the essentials i.e. food, water, shelter and medical care- some cannot and need help from out side, but even after help they are no better off. Other LEDC need to develop better trading, export and some times tourism to assist the economy this requires the cooperation and interaction between governments. In MEDC the education system is more advanced and students are encouraged to learn and have a better chance of employment, where as in LEDC children are needed to go to work and support the family. The job opportunities in MEDC are available but in LEDC they do not have the trade and industry therefore education becomes unimportant. To conclude this comparison MEDC have lower birth and death rates due to good health care. MEDC have a better standard of life because of education, job prospects therefore are financially better off. Unfortunately LEDC do not have such opportunities. By Chris Taylor ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

4 star(s)

Well written and structured essay. Many key differences described with some explanations. Some use of named examples and statistics, though there is opportunity to do this more often.Many other areas could also have been covered - those done so were mainly social (also access to fresh water, literacy rate and other related dev indicators) and economic (also, industry, employment). But there are also POLITICAL and ENVIRONMENTAL factors that could be considered. These are the 4 main areas that should be covered when addressing the topic of development and comparing LEDCs and MEDCs.

Marked by teacher Katie Price 05/04/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    For my Travel and Tourism coursework I have chosen Marbella as my European destination ...

    4 star(s)

    Costa del Sol's history dates back to the Phoenicians. Since then the coast has been inhabited by Greeks, Romans and Moors, all of whom have influenced the coast and left their mark on the local area and is evident in Costa del Sol's culture and architecture.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Does the demographic transition model still provide a 21st century framework for looking at ...

    4 star(s)

    It describes what has happened in the UK, this means that even though it cannot be used to predict what will happen in the UK, we can use it as an implement to look back on our development as a country and comprehend how we arrived in our current situation.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Analyse the economic, environmental, social and demographic impacts of migration at both the origin ...

    3 star(s)

    There are currently approximately 1,500,000 forced migrants seeking refuge in the USA from countries such as El Salvador, Guatemala and Vietnam. In contrast to this, some cases migration has led to the reduction of native populations. Historically, when nations like Spain began to colonise the New World they took with

  2. Explain why development is a complex term to measure and define

    This model implies that countries must invest in capital in the first stage in order to reach industrialisation. However, there are a number of limitations with Rostow's model. Firstly, some countries will struggle to meet the preconditions necessary to reach stage 3 if they lack money or resources to invest in capital.

  1. Settlement Processes & Patterns - The Burgess Model (1924).

    They have set up self-help schemes. This is when the local authority provides local residents with the materials needs to construct permanent accommodation. This includes breeze blocks and cement. The local residents provide the labour. The money saved can be spent on providing basic amenities such as electricity and water.

  2. Famine and hunger have human, not physical, causes. Discuss this.

    The above is an example of how physical factors leading to hunger have been caused by human factors. This is also the case in Africa. Deforestation, dam building and animal overgrazing of pastures have led to the increasing desertification of land.

  1. The changes in the global pattern of tourism

    Also, international sporting events, such as the world cup or the Olympics, attract millions of people from all over the globe. Forecasts from the World Tourism Organisation are showing an approximate 650 million increase in global arrivals between 2007 and 2020.

  2. Geography: Causes of Famine

    Figure 4 shows some of the human processes which have caused famine. Figure 4. Human causes of Famine. Place and Date of Famine Reason for Famine Consequence Of Famine England 1069 Norman Invasion Cannibalism, many died U.S.S.R (especially Ukraine) 1932-34 Collectivization, forced procurements, destruction of livestock by peasants An estimated 5,000,000 died Greece 1941-43 War.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work