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Contemporary issue assignment

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Edexcel/BTEC HND Travel & Tourism Management Contemporary issue Individual assignment Zonova Anna TT1 Alpine Center 2008 Contents Introduction..............................................................................1 1. Tourism in Maldives ...................................................................1 2. Impacts of tourism on economy, environment and social-cultural...............2 2.1Economic impacts of tourism on the Maldives............................,2 2.2 Environmental impact of tourism on the Maldives.......................4 2.3 Social-cultural impacts of tourism on the Maldives......................6 3. Suggestions for the future to protect the Maldives............................................9 4. Conclusion ........................................................................................................10 References For a tourism-based economy to sustain itself in local communities, the residents must be willing partners in the process. Their attitudes toward tourism and perceptions of its impact on community life must be continually assessed. (Allen et al. 1988) Introduction I have been approached by a tourism organisation to assist in researching the current and potential impacts of tourism development in a destination. I chose the Maldives because they have an impressive record of growth, while at the same time rapidly expanding their lodging capacity. There are major factors that have clearly contributed to this phenomenal growth. The remote island nature of the Maldives has been nurtured, even if guests fly in Boeing Triple Sevens and other large aircraft. 1.Tourism in the Maldives The Maldives consists of a chain of 26 coral atolls straddling the equator south west of Sri Lanka in the Indian Ocean. The country occupies an area of sea measuring 754 kilometres in length and 118 kilometres wide where there are 1192 islands, only a small proportion of which are inhabited, and almost 80% of land is a metre or less in height (Domroes, 2001). Its distinctive geography and tropical climate are valuable tourism resources and the industry has grown rapidly since the 1970s when the first resorts were constructed on two islands. By 2007, there were 89 resort islands with over 17,000 beds and a further 35 islands were available for development (MTCA, 2007a). Tourism grew at a rate of 11.6 percent between 1972 and 2005; 26.5 percent between 1972 and 1982; and 6.7 percent since 1982. ...read more.


At 33 percent of the resorts analyzed, septic tanks and sea outfalls were the reported practices. Measures to protect the environment in cases of direct sewage discharge include the siting of outfall pipes 100m from the island and 30m below mean sea level. (The world bank Maldives. 2009) Sewage disposal has both health implications and environmental consequences. Aquifer contamination by faecal coliform bacteria or the contamination of bathing waters could give rise to health problems. Since a very small percentage of resorts pump sewage into the sea and even so, these resorts have a very small population it might be concluded that the current levels of sewage emission into the coastal waters of the resorts do not pose very serious problems to human health. The capacity constraints survey carried out in 1992 showed that the sewage discharges from resorts are relatively small and the observed effects were limited. Even though the volume of waste matter disposed is quite small, nutrients from sewage could build up over time, especially if the process of discharge is not managed well. However, volumes of water and rates of water exchange are large and in view of the productive fisheries, the atolls are probably already subject to relatively high nutrient input from upwellings as oceanic currents hit them. (Safkar. K., Noronha. L., 1999) Groundwater There is an increasing move away from using groundwater as a resource in tourist resorts. Drinking water in tourist resort comes from rainwater which is collected on roofs and stored in large tanks and is now supplemented by desalinated water and imported bottled mineral water. There has also been a move away from the system in which groundwater was used for showering and flushing toilets to one in which saltwater is used for flushing with the wastewater pumped out to sea and desalinated water used for showering. (Safkar. K., Noronha. L., 1999) Coral Reefs On tourist resort islands reef damage has been caused by scuba divers, and by snorkelers and bathers walking out across the reef flat. ...read more.


According to the regulations issued by the Ministry of Tourism, garbage from tourist resorts should be disposed off in a manner that would not cause any damage to the environment. All garbage disposed into the sea should be done as far away into the sea as necessary in order to ensure that it does not get washed onto any islands with the current. Tourist resorts are required to have incinerators and compactors adequate in size to burn all flammable materials and crush all the cans respectively. (Safkar. K., Noronha. L., 1999) As an important basis for deciding the number of rooms and extent of resort facility development allowed on each resort island, the government has established carrying capacity standards. These are based on several factors. For the problem like Domestic Access recommended: Explore the possibility of a national high-speed connection (by hovercraft or hydrofoil) with a network of feeder lines, using (modernized) traditional craft. For the problems in Financial Sector recommended: Encourage tourism firms to list on the stock market as the country develops its capital markets, and to adopt employee stock-option plans as a way of increasing participation in ownership and broadening the stakeholder base. For cultural problems recommended: * Continue to respect cultural diversity * Adopt a top-down approach * Create awareness of the policies, to increase understanding and appreciation * Generate employment through culture-based activities and sustainable tourism * Promote of cultural enterprises (The world bank Maldives 2009) Conclusion The tourism industry of the Maldives is dependent entirely on environmental quality and since it established itself in the tourism market it has maintained its strong position in a rapidly growing market. However, the natural resources of the Maldives are still in a sufficiently pristine state and of very high aesthetic quality and environmental concerns are few. The Maldives has developed a very suitable form of tourism, appropriate for the small island environment. The present form of tourism development has not generated any serious environmental impacts. This has been accomplished through careful management. The government has developed appropriate policies, legislation and plans and instituted mechanisms to apply strict standards and regulations. ...read more.

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