• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13

Contemporary issue assignment

Extracts from this document...


Edexcel/BTEC HND Travel & Tourism Management Contemporary issue Individual assignment Zonova Anna TT1 Alpine Center 2008 Contents Introduction..............................................................................1 1. Tourism in Maldives ...................................................................1 2. Impacts of tourism on economy, environment and social-cultural...............2 2.1Economic impacts of tourism on the Maldives............................,2 2.2 Environmental impact of tourism on the Maldives.......................4 2.3 Social-cultural impacts of tourism on the Maldives......................6 3. Suggestions for the future to protect the Maldives............................................9 4. Conclusion ........................................................................................................10 References For a tourism-based economy to sustain itself in local communities, the residents must be willing partners in the process. Their attitudes toward tourism and perceptions of its impact on community life must be continually assessed. (Allen et al. 1988) Introduction I have been approached by a tourism organisation to assist in researching the current and potential impacts of tourism development in a destination. I chose the Maldives because they have an impressive record of growth, while at the same time rapidly expanding their lodging capacity. There are major factors that have clearly contributed to this phenomenal growth. The remote island nature of the Maldives has been nurtured, even if guests fly in Boeing Triple Sevens and other large aircraft. 1.Tourism in the Maldives The Maldives consists of a chain of 26 coral atolls straddling the equator south west of Sri Lanka in the Indian Ocean. The country occupies an area of sea measuring 754 kilometres in length and 118 kilometres wide where there are 1192 islands, only a small proportion of which are inhabited, and almost 80% of land is a metre or less in height (Domroes, 2001). Its distinctive geography and tropical climate are valuable tourism resources and the industry has grown rapidly since the 1970s when the first resorts were constructed on two islands. By 2007, there were 89 resort islands with over 17,000 beds and a further 35 islands were available for development (MTCA, 2007a). Tourism grew at a rate of 11.6 percent between 1972 and 2005; 26.5 percent between 1972 and 1982; and 6.7 percent since 1982. ...read more.


At 33 percent of the resorts analyzed, septic tanks and sea outfalls were the reported practices. Measures to protect the environment in cases of direct sewage discharge include the siting of outfall pipes 100m from the island and 30m below mean sea level. (The world bank Maldives. 2009) Sewage disposal has both health implications and environmental consequences. Aquifer contamination by faecal coliform bacteria or the contamination of bathing waters could give rise to health problems. Since a very small percentage of resorts pump sewage into the sea and even so, these resorts have a very small population it might be concluded that the current levels of sewage emission into the coastal waters of the resorts do not pose very serious problems to human health. The capacity constraints survey carried out in 1992 showed that the sewage discharges from resorts are relatively small and the observed effects were limited. Even though the volume of waste matter disposed is quite small, nutrients from sewage could build up over time, especially if the process of discharge is not managed well. However, volumes of water and rates of water exchange are large and in view of the productive fisheries, the atolls are probably already subject to relatively high nutrient input from upwellings as oceanic currents hit them. (Safkar. K., Noronha. L., 1999) Groundwater There is an increasing move away from using groundwater as a resource in tourist resorts. Drinking water in tourist resort comes from rainwater which is collected on roofs and stored in large tanks and is now supplemented by desalinated water and imported bottled mineral water. There has also been a move away from the system in which groundwater was used for showering and flushing toilets to one in which saltwater is used for flushing with the wastewater pumped out to sea and desalinated water used for showering. (Safkar. K., Noronha. L., 1999) Coral Reefs On tourist resort islands reef damage has been caused by scuba divers, and by snorkelers and bathers walking out across the reef flat. ...read more.


According to the regulations issued by the Ministry of Tourism, garbage from tourist resorts should be disposed off in a manner that would not cause any damage to the environment. All garbage disposed into the sea should be done as far away into the sea as necessary in order to ensure that it does not get washed onto any islands with the current. Tourist resorts are required to have incinerators and compactors adequate in size to burn all flammable materials and crush all the cans respectively. (Safkar. K., Noronha. L., 1999) As an important basis for deciding the number of rooms and extent of resort facility development allowed on each resort island, the government has established carrying capacity standards. These are based on several factors. For the problem like Domestic Access recommended: Explore the possibility of a national high-speed connection (by hovercraft or hydrofoil) with a network of feeder lines, using (modernized) traditional craft. For the problems in Financial Sector recommended: Encourage tourism firms to list on the stock market as the country develops its capital markets, and to adopt employee stock-option plans as a way of increasing participation in ownership and broadening the stakeholder base. For cultural problems recommended: * Continue to respect cultural diversity * Adopt a top-down approach * Create awareness of the policies, to increase understanding and appreciation * Generate employment through culture-based activities and sustainable tourism * Promote of cultural enterprises (The world bank Maldives 2009) Conclusion The tourism industry of the Maldives is dependent entirely on environmental quality and since it established itself in the tourism market it has maintained its strong position in a rapidly growing market. However, the natural resources of the Maldives are still in a sufficiently pristine state and of very high aesthetic quality and environmental concerns are few. The Maldives has developed a very suitable form of tourism, appropriate for the small island environment. The present form of tourism development has not generated any serious environmental impacts. This has been accomplished through careful management. The government has developed appropriate policies, legislation and plans and instituted mechanisms to apply strict standards and regulations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The growth in international tourism is providing many LEDCs with new opportunities of economic ...

    3 star(s)

    and to cruise ships, who organise their own tours - these use the primary resources of the island but Antigua does not see much income as the cruise ship is there for a few hours and then goes, and as a result Antigua gains no accommodation fee.

  2. A Local Ecosystem-Mt Keira

    Results: 1. Figure 6: Results of the Chemical and Physical Components of Sites 1 and 2: Component Measured Site 1:Hawkesbury Sandstone Open Forest Site 2: Narrabeen Shale Rainforest pH 4.38 6 Soil Texture Course, sandy Fine, Clay-like Soil Moisture 4.55 5.14 Aspect N/A 110o ESE This table shows the chemical and physical components at each of the two sites.

  1. Critically evaluate the view that understanding the multi-disciplinary nature Organisational Behaviour is essential to ...

    continue to be successful in the global marketplace we will need to develop an even better educated and more highly skilled and flexible workforce. This would support the view of the initial question, regarding the value of understanding the multi-disciplinary organisational behaviour.

  2. The Development of the Travel and Tourism Industry After World War II

    Then in the 1970s the jet aircraft really started being able to carry more passengers and increased profit and made flights cheaper. The last twenty years tour operators have created packages for the needs of these new travellers * Computerised Reservation Systems Many travel retailers use to rely on pen

  1. What are the opportunities and constraints of living in and exploiting, cold environments?

    can melt from the heat of a structure, causing the structure to possibly collapse as they have no strong foundations, as demonstrated in figure 2. Cold environments present very significant opportunities for exploitation, especially for energy companies. The fact that the Arctic as a whole holds one quarter of the

  2. The greatest risk to health in modern society is development itself. To what extent ...

    health study reported that pollution contributed to 4267 premature deaths in 2008 alone. In order to combat the health risks created by exhaust fumes which are lung cancer, respiratory diseases, the local government has put into action various projects such as establishing congestion charging zones, creation of low emission zones.

  1. Benefit of a tax to compensate the damage of environmental caused by the tourism ...

    The rapid developments of low-cost airline have lead to the tremendous impact on traveller?s behavior. According to the intergovernmental Panel and Climate change, aircraft currently distribute 600 millions tons of carbon dioxide into the upper atmosphere each year, this account around 3.5 per cent of all greenhouses gases.

  2. Sustainable tourism, myth or reality?

    This includes staff training and raising awareness, through education and marketing tourism responsibly, of sustainability issues amongst host communities and tourists themselves. (Telfer and Sharpley 2008[3]) People are more educated today than two decades ago about the impacts of tourism.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work