• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12
  13. 13
  14. 14
  15. 15
  16. 16
  17. 17
  18. 18
  19. 19
  20. 20
  21. 21
  22. 22

Coral reefs

Extracts from this document...


INTRODUCTION Coral reefs are extraordinarily diverse ecosystems, second only to the rainforests, but they are in terrible danger. Most of the world's coral reefs are on the worldwide-endangered species list. Coral reefs are being exploited by humans, and at the same time naturally destroyed, by climatic events. The way tourism affects coral reefs is the focus of this topic. I chose this topic, because research projects about the environment, and tourism interests me, and I knew that I would be able to do it to the best of my ability. Coral Polyps... Coral polyps are what make up coral reefs; they are animals. Their body is made up of no more than a sack with a mouth. Each polyp secretes makes a stony calcareous skeleton o calcium carbonate around its body. The skeletons of all polyps in a colony are joined together, and when polyps die, their delicate bodies decay leaving their hard skeletons behind forming coral reef base. New polyps then grow on top of the one that dies, and gradually over time, reefs of coral skeletons are built up on the ocean floor. Reefs are not automatically formed; first, the polyps form a coral thicket and then a coral reef. (www.library.thinkquest.org/CRO215242/coral_reefs.htm) Figure 1: Annotated diagram of a coral polyp Coral Reefs... Coral reefs are a complex and fragile ecosystem; they are one of the main tourist attractions present in the Caribbean. Coral comes in all shapes, sizes, and colours. Coral is divided into to two main groups, hard and soft coral. * Hard Coral: - this is was forms the hard solid structure that forms the reef base. It is formed from the calcareous base that the polyps secrete. The process is slow and on an average coral grows at about 1-2 mm a year, meaning it takes thousands of years for a substantial piece of coral to come about. Figure 2: Hard Coral * Soft Coral: - do not have skeletons, and feed by swaying in the water. ...read more.


* When sewage wells are built, sometimes the sewage seeps out, and it bring untreated, kills the coral. * By building on the beach, coral are killed due to the consequential increased sedimentation. * Cruise ships carrying many tourists sometimes may anchor, and unknowingly hit part of the coral reef with the anchor, smashing it. This type of damage is very devastating and would take a long time to build back that part of the reef, which took thousands of years to form. However, to a stop to this, there are some steps in place. E.g., there are now specific places where ships have to anchor, which are away from the reefs and other marine life, keeping them safe from danger. * Dredging oceans to make way for bigger cruise ships to come closer to land, hence aiding tourism development also clears away coral in its path, and is very destructive. Over the past three decades, the coral cover has gone from around 50-60% cover to only about 10% in the Caribbean. This fact has made the Caribbean more aware of what they are doing. Recently, many rules and regulations have now been put into place, not only regarding coral, but other coastal resources as well. Because of these laws, the Caribbean is now slowly recovering from that great loss due to the previous exploitation of the reefs. Many measures are now in place to maintain and increase the numbers of coral colonies around the coasts of the islands. These will be looked at later in the project. Impact of TOURISM and CONSTRUCTION for tourism on Coral Reefs Much of the infrastructure associated with tourism is either located on or adjacent to the south and west coasts, which is where coral reefs are located also. Big tourist facilities are being built on the coasts of the Caribbean; infrastructures such as hotels, marinas, roads, and some waste treatment facilities. ...read more.


* Later on, lobsters, crabs, and other marine animals were also transported into the marine park. This project was considered a success, as not many of the corals died and only four almost died. The Coastal Zone management saved over 700 hard corals, which would have, otherwise, perished. Transplanting the coral also added additional beauty to Folkestone Marine Park, which is one of Barbados' most dived sites. All the cruise ships such as Harbour Master and the Jolly Roger dock there as their stop off points, and the passengers can get off and take a careful dive down to see the beauty. Figure 16: Showing the recipient site of Folkestone Marine Park before the transplantation Figure 17: Showing the recipient site of Folkestone Marine Park after transplantation Conclusion Tourism is a big part of the problem of the diminishing coral reef population in the Caribbean and even in the world. Activities such as construction on beaches, pollution from hotels and ships, the growing aquaculture, in some way damage coral reefs, especially if not done with care. The coral reefs along with other coastal resources are vital in attracting tourists to the Caribbean. Many tourists come to the Caribbean to enjoy the sun, the sea, the beaches, and the diving so they can experience the beauty of coral. If coral were to be gone from our seas that would lead to loss of beach, as erosion would be greater and there would be no coasts for the tourists to enjoy, and the tourism of the islands would die There are quite a few steps in place to curb the decline and the destruction of the Coral reefs in the Caribbean, and I believe that they are working. Over time, if the world keeps up the efforts, we as a people can fight this, and restore the coral reefs to the way they were hundreds of years ago. So in order to keep both the coral alive as well as the tourism sector, we each have a role to play, in preserving the coral of the Caribbean and the wider world. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    Local authorities have specific departments to support and develop tourism in their areas. National and regional tourist boards, together in local authorities play a key role. Visit Britain has the responsibility for promoting the incoming tourism in Britain. The Department of Culture, Media and Sport offers good quality and services for tourists from the UK and overseas.

  2. Examine the causes and consequences of the rise in manufacturing in NICs

    Air pollution escalated due to the government relaxing emission laws to encourage the secondary sector growth and foreign investment. This resulted in higher levels of sulphur dioxide and nitrous dioxide from burning oils and fuels to produced energy and electricity for the production plants.

  1. Sustainable Tourism in Australia

    Tourism Australia works together with many different members to make all their policies, strategies and impacts work well. These members include: * Adelaide convention and tourism authority * Brisbane Marketing * Cairns an region convention bureau * Canberra convention bureau * Gold coast tourism bureau * Melbourne convention and visitors

  2. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    Given recent increases in foreign visitation to parks and reserves, New Zealand developed its first national visitor management policy for crown land (DOC, 1994). New Zealand has one, integrated resource and recreation management agency, the Department of Conservation. Such an administrative structure can assist in the speedy implementation of this policy.

  1. 'There is nothing in the Montessori prepared environment that is there by chance.' Discuss.

    (Emotional, physical, social) Toys such as doll's houses, complete wardrobes for dolls etc * To give the children a complete home environment and to make him "an actor in a living scene." - Handbook, page 47. (Social, emotional and spiritual)

  2. What is the impact of Tourism and Recreation on Epping Forest?

    Justification I have drawn up al Land use map, and I am now commenting upon it for two reasons. First it is compulsory to do this activity as it gives me the opportunity to gain an understanding into the way that the forest is managed.

  1. Investigating Travel and Tourism

    * The growth of regional airports has also increased due to the amount of people wanting to travel abroad. Airports have many facilities which make it easier for the public. There are monorails and coaches to the airport from the car parks that make it so much more accessible to get the airport.

  2. sustainable tourism in kenya

    It contributes positively to the naturing and exploitation of cultural heritage of nations. It therefore serves indirectly to improve individual cultural understanding of both residents and foreigners while at the same time contributing to the Gross National Product. At the local level domestic tourism creates understanding and appreciation of the attractions thereby contributing to sustainable tourism development.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work