• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically evaluate the view that understanding the multi-disciplinary nature Organisational Behaviour is essential to the effective management of both people and operations inorganisations.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critically evaluate the view that understanding the multi-disciplinary nature Organisational Behaviour is essential to the effective management of both people and operations in organisations. Introduction Organisations do not operate in a vacuum. In order to survive and function effectively, any organisation has to interact constantly with the world outside, its environment. All effective managers must understand the nature of the people-organisation relationship. There are many interrelated factors that influence the behaviour and performance of people within organisations. The modern, effective manager has to be what could be described as a managerial paradigm: psychologist, anthropologist and sociologist. Effective leaders should strive for the integration of these factors. Any changes in business processes which are made, fundamental or otherwise, have ramifications for many other parts and aspects of an organisation. When a business process is re-engineered, jobs evolve from narrow and task-oriented to multi-dimensional. People who once acted only as they were instructed, now make choices and decisions on their own. Assembly line work may all but disappear, some functional departments may lose their reasons for being, managers stop acting as supervisors and behave more like coaches. Attitudes and values change, as does practically every aspect of the organisation, often beyond recognition. The objective of this essay is to outline an understanding of just how important the adoption of a multi-disciplinary approach is to the effective management of both people and operations in equal weight. ...read more.

Middle

"Environment, the surroundings or conditions within which something or someone exists"(Chambers Combined Dictionary Thesaurus, 1999) Organisations are constantly involved with a series of exchanges between external elements such as customers, suppliers and all other stakeholders. These exchanges can be thought of as a "import-transformation-export"(Huczynski & Buchanan, 2001) type process. An organisation with internal characteristics that are out of fit with its environment will soon go out of business. As the pace of change quickens, the more rapidly a business adapts to the new pressures and opportunities the environment provides, the more likely they are to remain effective and efficient. The identification and understanding of multiple factors in the environment, which potentially have an impact on the organisation, is therefore an essential business process, to aid internal fit, or harmonisation with the environment. Methods used to analyse the external environment are known as environmental scanning techniques. These techniques involve the collection of relevant information and subsequent identification and prediction of external trends, which may potentially impact upon the internal functioning of the organisation. PESTLE, TEMPLE or the more simplified PEST, are such examples of environmental scanning techniques. The acronym PESTLE relates to the political, economic, sociological, technological, legal and ecological factors affecting the organisation. These are effective, simple structures, helping to reduce the complexity of the problem. PESTLE involves identifying the political, economic, social, technological, legal and ecological impact factors. ...read more.

Conclusion

Every work organisation is concerned with being effective, especially in today's fierce world of competition. Organisational effectiveness has to be the concern of everyone, not just the managers. Attainment of goals and objectives decides the ultimate survival and future of the organisation. Flexibility enhances organisational effectiveness and quality of working life. However, gauging effectiveness is not easy, the activities of management can be judged against any of the models presented and against many others not mentioned because of restraints on verbose deconstruction. Success may be short-lived, as today's successful organisation may see less success in the future. Promotion of good human relations is essential to effective management, as productivity will result from people's commitment to and involvement with, the business. Comparing the past and the present in the classical, modern and post-modern fashion can prove diverting, as it often provides more questions than answers. Modern managers have to incorporate both being a psychologist, sociologist and anthropologist, so integration is the key to effectiveness. Integration of all styles and models will ultimately provide a far more dynamic mode of management, along with the replete success this will provide, as in the case of Microsoft. Organisations must pay attention to developments in the external environment, environmental scanning techniques are a useful predictive planning tool and are a useful framework of the external factors which influence the business. There are undoubtedly then, many aspects to management. There is no one best way to management. However, the study of the wide range of models regarding organisations, their structure and management of them, is an indispensable and essential aspect of the job. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Environmental Management section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Environmental Management essays

  1. Topic: Critically contrast the approach to organisations of the classical management theorists with that ...

    He also developed 14 principles of management or organisation, the best-known being division of work, unity of direction and scalar chain or hierarchy. In contrast to Taylorism, Fayol emphasizes that the principles could be applied in any type of organization (e.g.

  2. Critically contrast the approach to organisations of the classical management theorists with that of ...

    While Scientific Management took a micro approach, Fayol saw the macro concepts, a body of knowledge which emphasised broad administrative principles applicable to large organizations. In Fayol's account, management is conceptualised as consisting of five elements, namely planning, organizing, command, co-ordination, and control.

  1. Evolution of management theories.

    Hugo is called "the father of industrial psychology". He did the study of human behavior in work settings. Hawthorne Studies: Emphasized on concern for workers Human relation movement: A management perspective that views employees as responding to the interpersonal processes within the organization. The two theorists that made contribution in this field are: � Abraham Maslow: He developed

  2. Environmental Audit Assignment: The Company that I am analysing is BP (British Petroleum).

    the ISO 14001 international standard and to publish periodically externally verified statements describing their environmental impacts. Competitive Environment BP uses a variety of top inspection companies such as Lloyds Register, det Norske Veritas and AEA Technology to ensure that the verification or 'audit' is genuinely independent.

  1. What impact has study into perception had on the nature nurture debate?

    Plasticity. In effect stages of plasticity dictate the deadline by which skills must be obtained, this explains the when element of perception. During these stages the brain forms its repertoire of tools to cope with any situation that may be encountered.

  2. Pfizer, Kent (UK)The European Headquarters for Research & Development, and the Global Manufacturing main ...

    At Pfizer, BT/IS focuses first on the business problem, then on the best technology to address it, and it define technology broadly. ICT at Pfizer is responsible for all the business processes, data, and technological tools that are the foundation of a world-class company.

  1. For the business enterprise, sustainable development means taking in business strategies and activities which ...

    Citrix aspires to own the access infrastructure software market, whose potential is estimated at 8-10 billion dollars, and the company is building out its MetaFrame Access Suite of software in order to do so. Citrix main strengths include the use of technology to meet growth objectives.

  2. To what extent can environmental analysis conducted by marketing managers ever be considered as ...

    technology, the products and equipment involved, and skills to manage current and new technology. The second level, micro-environment, consists of people and organisations in the organisation's immediate environment that affects its ability to serve its markets (Kotler, 1991). There are many factors in the micro-environment which govern the structure of industries and markets and the nature of competition (Baker, 1998).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work