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Critically evaluate the view that understanding the multi-disciplinary nature Organisational Behaviour is essential to the effective management of both people and operations inorganisations.

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Introduction

Critically evaluate the view that understanding the multi-disciplinary nature Organisational Behaviour is essential to the effective management of both people and operations in organisations. Introduction Organisations do not operate in a vacuum. In order to survive and function effectively, any organisation has to interact constantly with the world outside, its environment. All effective managers must understand the nature of the people-organisation relationship. There are many interrelated factors that influence the behaviour and performance of people within organisations. The modern, effective manager has to be what could be described as a managerial paradigm: psychologist, anthropologist and sociologist. Effective leaders should strive for the integration of these factors. Any changes in business processes which are made, fundamental or otherwise, have ramifications for many other parts and aspects of an organisation. When a business process is re-engineered, jobs evolve from narrow and task-oriented to multi-dimensional. People who once acted only as they were instructed, now make choices and decisions on their own. Assembly line work may all but disappear, some functional departments may lose their reasons for being, managers stop acting as supervisors and behave more like coaches. Attitudes and values change, as does practically every aspect of the organisation, often beyond recognition. The objective of this essay is to outline an understanding of just how important the adoption of a multi-disciplinary approach is to the effective management of both people and operations in equal weight. ...read more.

Middle

"Environment, the surroundings or conditions within which something or someone exists"(Chambers Combined Dictionary Thesaurus, 1999) Organisations are constantly involved with a series of exchanges between external elements such as customers, suppliers and all other stakeholders. These exchanges can be thought of as a "import-transformation-export"(Huczynski & Buchanan, 2001) type process. An organisation with internal characteristics that are out of fit with its environment will soon go out of business. As the pace of change quickens, the more rapidly a business adapts to the new pressures and opportunities the environment provides, the more likely they are to remain effective and efficient. The identification and understanding of multiple factors in the environment, which potentially have an impact on the organisation, is therefore an essential business process, to aid internal fit, or harmonisation with the environment. Methods used to analyse the external environment are known as environmental scanning techniques. These techniques involve the collection of relevant information and subsequent identification and prediction of external trends, which may potentially impact upon the internal functioning of the organisation. PESTLE, TEMPLE or the more simplified PEST, are such examples of environmental scanning techniques. The acronym PESTLE relates to the political, economic, sociological, technological, legal and ecological factors affecting the organisation. These are effective, simple structures, helping to reduce the complexity of the problem. PESTLE involves identifying the political, economic, social, technological, legal and ecological impact factors. ...read more.

Conclusion

Every work organisation is concerned with being effective, especially in today's fierce world of competition. Organisational effectiveness has to be the concern of everyone, not just the managers. Attainment of goals and objectives decides the ultimate survival and future of the organisation. Flexibility enhances organisational effectiveness and quality of working life. However, gauging effectiveness is not easy, the activities of management can be judged against any of the models presented and against many others not mentioned because of restraints on verbose deconstruction. Success may be short-lived, as today's successful organisation may see less success in the future. Promotion of good human relations is essential to effective management, as productivity will result from people's commitment to and involvement with, the business. Comparing the past and the present in the classical, modern and post-modern fashion can prove diverting, as it often provides more questions than answers. Modern managers have to incorporate both being a psychologist, sociologist and anthropologist, so integration is the key to effectiveness. Integration of all styles and models will ultimately provide a far more dynamic mode of management, along with the replete success this will provide, as in the case of Microsoft. Organisations must pay attention to developments in the external environment, environmental scanning techniques are a useful predictive planning tool and are a useful framework of the external factors which influence the business. There are undoubtedly then, many aspects to management. There is no one best way to management. However, the study of the wide range of models regarding organisations, their structure and management of them, is an indispensable and essential aspect of the job. ...read more.

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