• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically examine the value of classical location theory (Weber) when applied to modern manufacturing industry.

Extracts from this document...


Critically examine the value of classical location theory (Weber) when applied to modern manufacturing industry. A model is a simplified structure of reality. Models generally concentrate on a limited number of factors to explain a distribution, feature or process. In 1909, Alfred Weber put forward his theory of classical location in which he tried to explain the location of industries. He predicted that industrialists would locate their factory at the least cost location, in the cheapest area, since they acted rationally and that their main aim was the maximisation of profits. He began with some assumptions of an ideal type of industry as a unit of analysis. He tested the model under the assumption that production and distribution are indivisible and independent of other industries. ...read more.


However, it was understood that the optimum location may shift if savings from labour costs or agglomeration outweigh the increased transport costs of moving. In fact, more specifically, changes in location factors can lead to three areas of change within an industry, according to Weber. These are either a spatial or vertical splitting of production and distribution, a diversification within the plant of various processes or the division of labour between industries. Location may affect the costs of an industry in securing a location, for example, the cost of real estate and obtaining raw and auxiliary materials. General regional factors may also affect the costs of manufacturing, for example, the labour costs and transport costs involved when shipping products to their consumers. ...read more.


Firstly, they simply believe that industrialists are not exactly rational, secondly, that there can be only be one least cost location although many of the other profitable locations are still seized on, especially by many industrial rivals, and thirdly, it is believed that Weber over-emphasised the importance of transport costs. The issue of industrial location is increasingly relevant to today's global markets and multi-national corporations. Focusing only on the mechanics of the Weber model however could justify greater transport distances for cheap labour and those unexploited raw materials. When resources are exhausting and worker's protest, industries might see fit to move to different countries. As a sociologist who resisted the ideology of the Fascist movement he was part of for a good portion of his life, Alfred Weber might today have expanded his discussion of the potential negative social, cultural and historical consequences of the underlying issue of industrial location. ?? ?? ?? ?? William Cooper ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Production - Location & Change section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Production - Location & Change essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    The Scott Report and the Making of the Modern Countryside - 'How penetrating was ...

    5 star(s)

    It does, however, set out clear unambiguous objectives for the future. The Report contains recommendations as well as a five-year plan. The Majority Report believes the establishment of a Central Planning Authority as imperative. It also calls for the encouragement of industry and commerce after the war "we are convinced that industry must be afforded every facility to re-establish itself"x.

  2. The Role and Importance of Agriculture In the Carribean. Organisations involved in its ...

    broken appearance of ribbons ? Thin ribbons, will brake ? Very long & flexible ribbons ? Soil Structure Soil structure describes the arrangement of individual soil particle. Individual soil particles come together to form aggregates, which may appear, in a number of shapes; Granular and crumb - aggregates are loosely arranged, usually found at the

  1. Assignment on Computer Integrated Manufacturing

    This was in contrast to standard Detroit type automation, which was largely inflexible [3]. To denote this new found flexibility and emphasize its higher mobility, islands of automation were coined as a phrase and became the catch cry of modern manufacturing firms throughout the 1970s.

  2. Industrial Change in South Wales The Reasons for the Original Location of the Iron ...

    However, as British Steel is now a privately owned company, these iron and steel producers, such as those in South Wales, no longer receive this benefit. This has meant that the iron and steel industry in the region is no longer receiving enough money to make enough of a profit, and has therefore declined.

  1. Changing Locational Factors of Manufacturing Industry In the 20th century the factors affecting the ...

    These were introduced by the government as a means of encouraging industries to locate in certain areas of the UK, which have suffered from previous de-industrialisation. They were persuaded to do this by a reduction in taxes or the giving of money to help set up the factory in that

  2. "Can the theories that Alfred D. Chandler developed in his book 'Scale and Scope: ...

    Together, they make up about 31% of GDP in comparison to 68% for the service sector (www.nationmaster.com). This has implications for the analysis of the facts because the service part of the economy shows a very different pattern of growth than the one of oligopolistic competition among the first-movers and a few challengers predicted by Chandler.

  1. What are the main characteristics of high-tech (high technology) industry? (b) Describe and explain ...

    Improved infrastructure helps for the BMW Company more recently set up in India, to avoid a 60% import duty and other taxes that would previously make cars shipped from abroad very expensive. Initially, BMW has invested 20million euros in its Chennai plant and BMW India's headquarters in Gurgaon outside Delhi,

  2. To what extent was the iron industry 'transformed' between 1750-1830?

    It was the innovation of Henry Cort in the 1780s which was said to finally rationalise the iron industry, and was claimed by J.R. Harris to have been "the second classic ironmaking method of the 19th century", after Derby's innovation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work