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Declining and ageing population - The demographic development in Europe.

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Introduction

Declining and ageing population The demographic development in Europe Table of contents 1. Introduction 3 2. The demographic development in Europe 3 3. What is behind this decline of population 5 5. The economic challenges of ageing population in private-sector 6 4. The economic challenges of ageing population in public-sector 6 4.1 The extension of working life 8 6. bibliography 9 1. Introduction Our subject was the demographic development in Europe regarding to declining and ageing people. We studied this subject in European Union in general because the this trend and it's effect on economy are same in all European countries. As a source to find information we used internet. 2. The demographic development in Europe Few things are predictable in economic and social life, but the ageing of the European population is one of them. We are living through major changes in the age balance of European society. The population in Europe is declining since 1996. After that year Europe's population's natural growth has become negative. According to UN's population projects Europe's share in world's total population will drop to seven percent in 2050. In year 1950 it was still 22 percent. (www.vaestoliitto.fi, 24.11.2003) In year 2002 the population of the European Union was 379.6 million. ...read more.

Middle

As it is said there mobility is not so good than younger and middle aged people, so there will be need for a transport services. The condition of the European economy depends in part how European industry reacts for these new demands of ageing people. Can it create innovate solutions to the growing actual and potential needs and demands for older age groups. The challenge to these new demands is not only the private-sector issue; government also has a role to play, both in the development of new technologies and in the creation of markets. (http://europa.eu.int/comm/eurostat/, 24.10.2003) 4. The economic challenges of ageing population in public-sector The fact that population is ageing is well known but the consequences to economic effects is harder to predict. There is few major issues that come along with declining and ageing population. These issue are involved health care and pension system. It is a fact when people get older the demand for health care increases also. Health care services share of gross national product (GNP) is already rising in all European countries (except Sweden and Luxemburg) and it will continue to rise. It is estimated that 65 year old use health care services four times more than average citizen and 75 year old eight times more. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has been said before that the answer to these huge economic problems like pension and health care can be in providing change to older population to participate in work in older age. The technological advances can be used to increase participation in work, reduce assistance and health care costs and improve older people's participation in social life. This will involve new modes of work, new organisational forms, new workplace technologies, and new life-long learning systems for adaptation to new technological demands at work. New technology and older workers don't always fit together. At least most of people think so. Employers and managers often feel that young workers accept new technology better than older workers. This has usually something to do with age discriminatory. Research has shown that, younger older people do not learn as quickly as their younger colleagues but they still learn the main knowledge and skills and they do not forget these faster tan younger people. New technology can be switched from being seen as part of the problem to become part of the solution. If the ageing population is going to be longer in working life as it is today we need also more flexible forms of work organization: flexible working hours, job-sharing, multiple work locations, telework and so on. This will require changes in human resource policy, management of work and also changes in general labour regulations. (http://www.cordis.lu/etan/home.html, 24.10.2003) 6. ...read more.

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