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Definitions for human geography

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Definitions Carrying Capacity - The maximum number of people that can be supported by the resources and technology of a given area. Consumption - The resources goods and services used by a population. (MEDC's consume more than LEDC's) Death Rate - The number of deaths per 1000 inhabitants of a given population in a year, a measure of mortality. Ethnic Cleansing - A euphemism for the actions of one ethnic or religious group forcing another such group to flee their homes, either by eviction or through fear and intimidation. (E.g. Hitler, Aborigines) Migration - The permanent or semi-permanent movement of people from one place to another. The balance between the rivals in, and departures from an area impacts on change. ...read more.


One is income per capita, adult literacy and life expectancy. The HDI is average score of the three variables. This is a fairer way of just looking at money. Dependency Ratio - The ration of elderly (over 65 years) and young people (under 15 years) to the total adult (15-64 years) population. This shows the number of people that the working population has to support. E.g. in the UK the increasing number people over the age of 65 is a matter of concern. To stop this the government would make the age of working expectancy up to 70-75 years. Structure - This is the make up of population in terms of sex, age, marital status, ethnicity, family size and household characteristics. ...read more.


Range - The maximum distance people are willing to obtain a particular good or service. This would depend on the type of the good. Threshold - The minimum number of people needed to support something. Hierarchy - List of settlements in order of size or importance. (E.g. Hamlet, Village, Town, City) Centrality - A measure of the relative importance of a centre in terms of a number of services it provides, and it's accessibility. Morphology - The shape, layout and structure i.e. of pattern land use. Site - The area of land occupied by buildings of a settlement. Situation - The location of a settlement in terms to access of other settlements and to resources beyond the site. Evolution - Changes in the settlement pattern over time. ...read more.

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