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Deforestation – Reasons for, consequences of and solutions to.

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Introduction

Deforestation - Reasons for, consequences of and solutions to. For many years humans have invaded forests and there has been dramatic deforestation across the world as a whole. Deforestation in the UK has left the land with only about 10% woodland left, however the main concern across the world is the rapid rates occurring in the tropical rainforests i.e the Amazon in Brazil. . Underlying causes include such issues as poverty, unequal land ownership, women's status, education and population. Immediate causes are often concerned with a search for land and resources, including both commercial timber and fuelwood. Obtaining softwood for paper and other wood products leads to the extraction of timber for export and industry. ...read more.

Middle

There are many ways in which deforestation affects the population and the environment. One of the most significant consequences is the impact on plants and animals. Habitats are lost and there is the threat of extiction to some species which has serious concerns. Some species may adapt to life elsewhere, but others depend critically on factors in the forest ecosystem. It is difficult to predict the long term effects of the loss in biolodgical diversity and the changes in nutrient cycles. Less carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere by photosynthesis, leading to a rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. Fewer trees means less transpiration, which may lead to a less humid atmosphere since less water evaporates from soil than from leaves. ...read more.

Conclusion

The conservation of areas in national parks where no disturbance is allowed is a solution clearly shown in the UK. Replanting sratigies are part of the sustainable management along with the controlling of fuelwood supplies. Products such as Recycled paper are readily available and can reduce the demand for timber. Charging higher prices for valuble timber products can also help reduce the current rate of deforestation. Other solutions are to raise public awareness and to inform consumers about the environmental effects faced by the consequences of deforestation. Government and industry must become more aware of the consequences of their activities and change accordingly. They need to cooperate in forest management and working towards a future that benefits all. Governments must play a greater role in forest management to protect the environment and employment. Laura Thomas Deforestation Biology Laura Thomas Page 1 of 2 Biology ...read more.

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