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Demography of England.
The first 200 words of this essay...
The birth rate is the number of live births born in England per 1000 per year. The number of live births in 2002 was 669 thousand. It has decreased in the last 100 years because 100 years ago, parents had many children, family sizes of 8 and 9. This was important in them days, as the parents would rely on their children to look after them, when they got older and for the children to go out to work. Nowadays family sizes are smaller, averaging couples, having babies later on in life, as women are wanting careers, also having children later on in life, therefore limiting how long they have got to conceive. Attitudes have changed over the years also, it is the 'norm' to have less children than 100 years ago.
The death rate is the number of people per 1000 population who die in a year. The number of deaths in the year 2000 was 10 per 1000. It has decreased in the last 100 years. It has fallen, because now we follow a better healthier diet, there is better sanitation, a better health service.
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