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Describe and explain the impact of the use of fossil fuels on the environment.

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Introduction

´╗┐Describe and explain the impact of the use of fossil fuels on the environment Fossil fuels are created from dead creatures that roamed the earth millions of years ago. Over intense heat and pressure, fossil fuels from these dead creatures have been created: natural gas, coal and oil are example of fossil fuels. Firstly, burning fossil fuels releases gases into the atmosphere. An example of the gas released is sulphur dioxide which combines with the water vapour in the atmosphere to produce sulphuric acid. Therefore, when it precipitates with rain, this causes acid rain. ...read more.

Middle

This causes algae and bacteria to respire, removing the oxygen and therefore killing the biodiversity in the water (such as the trout). The main negative is that the top of the food chain such as fish are killed and therefore will affect the rest of the food chain. In places such as the ?black triangle? in Europe?s most polluted areas, the trees in Poland have been killed which also reduced the biodiversity. Also, burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide which is greenhouse gas. This increases the world temperature causing climate change and therefore will melt ice caps (killing species such as Polar bears and can cause them to become extinct). ...read more.

Conclusion

This led to 11 people dying and as it is home to around 8,000 species, these were too affected such as the Brown Pelican and the sea turtle. The animals are lubricated in oil which makes it difficult for them to swim and when a bird is covered in oil, this reduces the animal?s ability to control its body temperature which can cause hypothermia. Finally, coal mining has led to removal of large areas of land which can lead to wildlife loss. Also, this is problem in China that relies on 40% of coal as when mining for coal, dust and particles are released which can causes smog. Also, mining for coal is very dangerous, in China alone 2,000 people were killed in accidents in 2011. ...read more.

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