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Describe and explain the reasons for rapid growth in urban areas in LEDC'S and the problems involved.

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Introduction

Describe and explain the reasons for rapid growth in urban areas in LEDC'S and the problems involved. The cause of this rapid growth of urban areas in Sao Paulo is urbanisation; the increase in the proportion of people living in towns and cities. Urbanisation happens because people move from rural areas (countryside) to urban areas (towns and cities). This usually occurs when a country is still developing. 1950 1990 World 30% 51% MEDCs 53% 74% LEDCs 17% 34% Since 1950 the most rapid growth in urbanisation has occurred in LEDCs in South America, Africa and Asia. Between 1950 and 1990 the urban population living in LEDCs doubled. In developed countries the increase was less than half. There are two main causes of urbanisation in LEDCs since 1950 are: 1. ...read more.

Middle

or bustees (India). Three main features of a shanty town are: 1. Houses are made from scrap materials such as wood and metal sheeting 2. Often housing does not have services such as sanitation, water or electricity. 3. The settlements are usually very overcrowded. Sao Paulo Sao Paulo, Brazil is an example of a city with a large area of shanty settlements or favelas. Sao Paulo is a city located on Brazil's south-east coast. It is Brazil's largest city with a population of approximately 25 million. The population of Sao Paulo has grown for a number of reasons. Natural Increase is one reason for its growth (this is when the birth rate is higher than the death rate). The population has also grown as the result of urbanisation. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many people need jobs therefore they locate close to factories. Some of these settlements may be 40 or 50 km from the city centre (on the edge of the city), along main roads and up very steep hillsides. Sao Paulo's high rise buildings may remind you of places like New York, but because of all of Sao Paulo's rapid growth problems it is not as great a city. Solving the Problem The authorities in Sao Paulo have taken a number of steps to reduce problems in favelas. They have set up self-help schemes. This is when the local authority provides local residents with the materials needs to construct permanent accommodation. This includes breeze blocks and cement. The local residents provide the labour. The money saved can be spent on providing basic amenities such as electricity and water. Not all people living in Sao Paulo are poor. Many wealthy people live close to the CBD. ...read more.

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