• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the impacts of a disease on a region, its population structure and its implications for development.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Describe the impacts of a disease on a region, its population structure and its implications for development. In this essay I will talk about the impacts of a disease on a region and explain its population structure and implications for development. AIDS is a sexually-transmitted disease which is usually contracted by individuals during the most productive time of their lives. About 40 million people are infected by the HIV virus, 70% of which live in Africa. When describing the population structure I will talk about the different age groups there are, whether the population consists of a majority of elderly people, or a younger generation. I will also talk about the death and birth rates. To explain this I will use case studies from Tanzania, Zambia. AIDS has had a lot of impacts in Africa, especially since countries in these regions are mostly LEDCS. Africa has a third of the 40 million people with AIDS world-wide. ...read more.

Middle

AIDS is affecting the agricultural labour a lot, and in Zambia where a lot of people depend on their productions of cotton and sugar canes it is a very dangerous threat. All farm house work is mostly divided into genders; men usually control the cash crop with the labour input from the women. And the food crops are grown by the women in their "home garden". As the productivity is low and it is risky and uncertain, Aids is an even bigger thread. Once a family member gets infected it will get harder to maintain both cash and crop production. The male's illness has the greatest effect upon the family as he normally carries out activities which require strength. His wife will then also need to start taking care of him which will mean that this will also create a big impact on her agricultural and domestic work. ...read more.

Conclusion

World leaders have recognised this problem and have described it as "the biggest development challenge facing Africa" and a "threat to global security". And even though this seems to be a big problem Southern Africa has only been given 3% of the money it needs to tackle this disease. Only 2 billion dollars has been given and its been estimated that 7-10 billion dollars a year extra is needed to tackle AIDS alone. The government using the money it gets from organizations gives it to the countries which they still owe money too. As there are a lot of debts they think it is better to take care of them first before using it for other purposes. I personally think that the money that is being received should go to cures for AIDS and the HIV virus, to support the countries themselves instead of paying all those debts. The other countries should all forget about those debts from so many years ago so that the government can resolve the economical and health problems this virus is causing to these LEDCS. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Geography revision - flooding - Urbanisation - Population problems

    Rivers, Lakes and that sort of stuff (water!) Definitions Confluence: The point where two or more rivers meet (the main river and its tributary) Meander: Bend in the river Mouth: Where the river meets the sea or lake River basin: The area of land which is drained by a river Slip off slope: Sand and shingle is deposited

  2. Urbanisation In LEDCs

    The population in China is still growing, so there is increasing pressure on the land. Farm units are very small, often less than one hectare, and too small to grow enough to feed a farmer and his family. Another reason for migration is that housing conditions and services are also very poor in rural areas.

  1. The HIV/AIDS epidemic in the GMS poses a serious health problem with potentially disastrous ...

    Rural development policies and programmes in support of poverty alleviation, food and livelihood security, the empowerment of rural women, etc. are, in effect, also HIV prevention and AIDS mitigation measures and vice versa. 8. While rural development programmes can be integrated with HIV/AIDS prevention and mitigation programmes, HIV/AIDS-specific policies and programmes have an important complementary role to play.

  2. Population Structure and Economic Implications - China and Kenya

    There are a lot of differences in the 2 countries, here are the reasons why the death is so high in Kenya and not as high in China > A lot of disease in Kenya > Good trade to bring in good money to give enough jobs to people to

  1. World Development

    Many people die young and suffer unnecessary pain due to lack of resources. Even in 2nd world countries hospital beds are often crowded and not everyone can be treated. In UK there are 650 people per doctor but in Bangladesh there are 7,810 people per doctor.

  2. Does a population hierarchy exist on the Ards Peninsula?

    HYPOTHESIS 6 TABLE By applying the mathematical formula shown on the previous page, I will obtain Breaking Point values for various settlements of the Ards Peninsula. Larger settlement (pop.) Smaller settlement (pop.) Distance between settlements Breaking point (km from smallest settlement)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work