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Describe the impacts of a disease on a region, its population structure and its implications for development.

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Introduction

Describe the impacts of a disease on a region, its population structure and its implications for development. In this essay I will talk about the impacts of a disease on a region and explain its population structure and implications for development. AIDS is a sexually-transmitted disease which is usually contracted by individuals during the most productive time of their lives. About 40 million people are infected by the HIV virus, 70% of which live in Africa. When describing the population structure I will talk about the different age groups there are, whether the population consists of a majority of elderly people, or a younger generation. I will also talk about the death and birth rates. To explain this I will use case studies from Tanzania, Zambia. AIDS has had a lot of impacts in Africa, especially since countries in these regions are mostly LEDCS. Africa has a third of the 40 million people with AIDS world-wide. ...read more.

Middle

AIDS is affecting the agricultural labour a lot, and in Zambia where a lot of people depend on their productions of cotton and sugar canes it is a very dangerous threat. All farm house work is mostly divided into genders; men usually control the cash crop with the labour input from the women. And the food crops are grown by the women in their "home garden". As the productivity is low and it is risky and uncertain, Aids is an even bigger thread. Once a family member gets infected it will get harder to maintain both cash and crop production. The male's illness has the greatest effect upon the family as he normally carries out activities which require strength. His wife will then also need to start taking care of him which will mean that this will also create a big impact on her agricultural and domestic work. ...read more.

Conclusion

World leaders have recognised this problem and have described it as "the biggest development challenge facing Africa" and a "threat to global security". And even though this seems to be a big problem Southern Africa has only been given 3% of the money it needs to tackle this disease. Only 2 billion dollars has been given and its been estimated that 7-10 billion dollars a year extra is needed to tackle AIDS alone. The government using the money it gets from organizations gives it to the countries which they still owe money too. As there are a lot of debts they think it is better to take care of them first before using it for other purposes. I personally think that the money that is being received should go to cures for AIDS and the HIV virus, to support the countries themselves instead of paying all those debts. The other countries should all forget about those debts from so many years ago so that the government can resolve the economical and health problems this virus is causing to these LEDCS. ...read more.

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