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Desert Landforms

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INTRODUCTION: We were taken to an area of the desert approximately 20 kilometers inland from Jeddah. On arrival, we were asked to carry out practical investigations of the landforms and landscape in the immediate area, in order to find evidence of river processes and resulting landform such as erosion, transportation, weathering and depostion . these investigations took place in a valley ("wadi"), which is an intermittent watercourse, during the dry season. To carry out our measurements, we devised the following equipment before hand: * A clinometer, to measure the gradient along the "wadi" and its cross profile (long profile). * A stone board, in order to measure the size of rocks * A chart to classify the chosen rocks * A quadrate to help choose rocks randomly Before leaving to the "Wadi", we prepared a list of hypotheses. ...read more.


interlocking spurs can be seen 13. there is evidence of deposition in the lower course and near the meander. 14. there is the most evidence of erosion on the stones in the lower course 15. there are sign of vegetation along the course of the river 16. the angle of the cross section will be smallest in the upper course and greatest in the lower course. 17. the load in the lower course will be small and rounded. 18. corrasion will occur more in the lower course. 19. hydraulic action will ovvur more in the upper course 20. A slip-off is seen at the meander. METHODS AND TECHNIQUES: It is very essential to be as accurate and as detailed as possible when collecting data and information. This can be done by preparing simple tables and charts earlier on, to air in the recording of the results. ...read more.


Seleting the stones: A quadrat was thrown randomly. The stones were chosen at randon from inside its "windows". Classifying the shape of the stones: The rock was handed over to a specific person, who moted down the calls of the stone by comparing it with a chart for assessing their shape. Measuring the size of the stones: The chosen stone was placed vertically on the stone board. Its long axis was measured and noted down. Measuring the gradients alond the "wadi" This is also known as the long profile. One person stood in a specific place. Another person stood ten metres away, facing the first person. The clinometer was held horizontally and an immediate reading of the angle of the slope was taken. Measuring the cross profile of the "wasi" Two people stood ten metres away from each other, this time, across the "Wadi". Again, the clinometer was used to measure the angle of slope. A second reading was taken, on the opposite side of the "Wadi". ...read more.

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