• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Development of inner urban areas of cities in EMDCs.

Extracts from this document...


Development of inner urban areas of cities in EMDCs In recent decades, inner urban areas of cities in EMDC's have experienced rapid changes. According to Burgess's model, inner urban areas refers to the twilight zones just around the CBD, where the oldest housing are found and the inhabitants tend to be poorer people or immigrants The first city I would study London, capital of UK, located to the south-east of England with River Thames running through in the middle. The most noticeable change in the inner city since the 1950s is the huge drop in population, with a 18% population loss from 1951 to 1981. There are two main reasons, after the WWII, London's role as centre of world trade declined, which led to a drop in manufacturing employment. From 1951 to 1981, one million manufacturing jobs were lost. ...read more.


When it was abolished in 1998, 600ha of land was reclaimed, with 15200 new homes completed. An airport, light railway system and 90km of new road was built. These developments attracted wealthy young people to the inner area, the population and employment doubled from 39000 and 27000 in 1981 to 61000 and 53000 in 1990 respectively; the number of businesses also more than doubled from 1100 to 2300m. Therefore, a trend of reurbanization can be observed. However, the success in Docklands is not shared by all other inner areas of London. In some inner areas, the unemployment rate is still very high, combined with skyrocketing land prices and rents due to the gentrification. Many residents have to move away, causing an urban blight in these areas today, where the people and factories disappeared, leaving behind vacant land and building. ...read more.


Welfare reforms and crime reduction led by former New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani also attracted foreign investments in property in inner city areas. In 2002, the inner cities recorded a 20% rise in median income to $35000 a year and the poverty rate dropped by 4%. In general, inner city areas of EMDCs observed decentralization trends in the 1950s, brought about by improvements made in transportations, which made people more mobile. However, since the early 90s, an opposite trend is observed. Reurbanization occurred due to two main reasons, the first being the incentives and support from government and the high restrictions in further development of green field sites in the suburbs at the same time. The second reason is that the inner city areas are much closer to the CBD than suburbs areas, and therefore much more accessible and desirable. It is therefore predicted that this reurbanization trend will continue for some more years to come. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. London Docklands - Has the regeneration been a success or a failure?

    they where both developed the tobacco docks where turned into shopping area and St Katherine's dock was developed as a tourist area, despite the regeneration of these docks they did not attract they many people to them especially when compared to other places in London.

  2. Regenerating the Inner City in Manchester

    The main initiative in stage three involved Salford Quays and the surrounding area. The Port of Manchester docks closed in the 1970s leading to the decline of a large part of Salford and Manchester. In the early 1980s the Enterprise Zone was established to the north and south of Salford

  1. To What Extent did the Gradual Abandonment of the Maoist Development Paradigm Between the ...

    It is therefore clear that, at least in the initial years of his rule, Deng's policies increased not only the quantity, but also the quality of people's diets. Variety was greater, as were consumption levels. Figures show that in 1983 the average per capita calorific intake of a Chinese peasant was 2806 calories per day.

  2. World Development

    The MEDC'S and LEDC'S have a big gap and its an undignified imbalance. The MEDC'S have high standard of permanent residence, and indoor qualities supplying electricity, water supply and sewage systems. Although LEDC'S don't have adequate or suitable shelter or either any permanent residence.

  1. Outline the regeneration of the London Docklands

    There was also a growing issue regarding the size of the river Thames, it was becoming increasingly crowded, with bigger ships transporting more cargo was the Thames not only deep enough but wide enough to house this new class of ship?

  2. "Modern Cities Have No Order".

    It was created in 1975 and combines data on ratable value of houses and their degree of division, explaining the residential patterns found in this area. The model is illustrated below: 1: CBD 2: low-class (subdivided) houses 3: low-class 4: medium class 5: high-class 6: rooming houses 7: industry 8:

  1. Walk from the outer suburbs of Walsall, into the inner city, to see how ...

    Diagram is Burgess's model, of an urban area. Burgess originally used Chicago as his basis, and suggested that most towns grew outwards in a concentric pattern, meaning that buildings are newer the closer one gets to the edge of the city. It is possible that five rings may develop.

  2. As elsewhere in the world, road use charges should be introduced in the UK ...

    or direct costs of extra fuel being burned travelling at lower speed. Figure 2: Supply and Demand during congestion for a price elastic good (Congestion costs shift the supply curve to the left, resulting in higher selling price and therefore lower quantity demanded)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work