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Development of inner urban areas of cities in EMDCs.

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Introduction

Development of inner urban areas of cities in EMDCs In recent decades, inner urban areas of cities in EMDC's have experienced rapid changes. According to Burgess's model, inner urban areas refers to the twilight zones just around the CBD, where the oldest housing are found and the inhabitants tend to be poorer people or immigrants The first city I would study London, capital of UK, located to the south-east of England with River Thames running through in the middle. The most noticeable change in the inner city since the 1950s is the huge drop in population, with a 18% population loss from 1951 to 1981. There are two main reasons, after the WWII, London's role as centre of world trade declined, which led to a drop in manufacturing employment. From 1951 to 1981, one million manufacturing jobs were lost. ...read more.

Middle

When it was abolished in 1998, 600ha of land was reclaimed, with 15200 new homes completed. An airport, light railway system and 90km of new road was built. These developments attracted wealthy young people to the inner area, the population and employment doubled from 39000 and 27000 in 1981 to 61000 and 53000 in 1990 respectively; the number of businesses also more than doubled from 1100 to 2300m. Therefore, a trend of reurbanization can be observed. However, the success in Docklands is not shared by all other inner areas of London. In some inner areas, the unemployment rate is still very high, combined with skyrocketing land prices and rents due to the gentrification. Many residents have to move away, causing an urban blight in these areas today, where the people and factories disappeared, leaving behind vacant land and building. ...read more.

Conclusion

Welfare reforms and crime reduction led by former New York mayor Rudolph Giuliani also attracted foreign investments in property in inner city areas. In 2002, the inner cities recorded a 20% rise in median income to $35000 a year and the poverty rate dropped by 4%. In general, inner city areas of EMDCs observed decentralization trends in the 1950s, brought about by improvements made in transportations, which made people more mobile. However, since the early 90s, an opposite trend is observed. Reurbanization occurred due to two main reasons, the first being the incentives and support from government and the high restrictions in further development of green field sites in the suburbs at the same time. The second reason is that the inner city areas are much closer to the CBD than suburbs areas, and therefore much more accessible and desirable. It is therefore predicted that this reurbanization trend will continue for some more years to come. ...read more.

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