• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12

Discover whether there is a hierarchy in Leicestershire.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction My investigation consists of surveying populations and comparing them to the numbers of services in different places of Leicestershire. The object of this is to discover whether there is a hierarchy in Leicestershire. A hierarchy is the term used for the order of importance of any subject. In my investigations it specifically refers to the arrangement of settlements within a country in 'an order of importance- usually from many small villages and hamlets at the base of the hierarchy, to on major city, usually the capital, at the top. Three different methods to determine this order of importance have been based on: 1) The area and population of the settlement. 2) The range and number of functions and/or services within reach settlement. 3) The relative sphere of influence of each settlement. To describe the settlement we can use a can use a table and diagram to show what a settlement should contain in terms of services and what rank order a place is in the way of its population size. Hierarchy of settlements according to population size However this is only the statement of a geographer named Mr.Christaller, therefore he has based his hierarchy on what he has found throughout the places he has visited on average. Therefore I will base my theories on what I should find about Leicestershire on this, however only when I have completed my survey can I produce my own hierarchy. So when I have produced my own hierarchy I will see whether Mr.Christaller's hierarchy matches mine. On the other hand I cannot produce an accurate table because nobody can strictly define what a city, town, village, or hamlet is; but we can define a city, and it's only if there is a cathedral. ...read more.

Middle

The aim of this is to back up my previous answer by finding the gradient of the line of best fit. However it will not only do this but it will show the hierarchy by looking if there are defined clusters upon the line, at the top of the line of best fit will be the city/capital and at the bottom the village/hamlet. Also this will show whether there are any anomalous results, whereby they are not wrong results but do not fit the trend and I will try to explain the reasons for these. To find the line of best fit I will use a proven method: The outcome of this is to find the line of best fit for my logarithmic graph, however I will also find out the equation for the graph that is in the form of y = mx + c. For all of the values that I get I will round them to 2 decimal places. Pop (x) No of services (y) X = log�x Y = log�y X � Y X� 128975 1791 5.11 3.25 16.62 26.12 From this table I will find 'm' out of the formula y = mx + c ? = the sum of n = number of surveyed settlements m = (n?XY - ?X?Y) � [n?X� - (?X)�] = (33 � 16.62 - 128975 � 1791) � [ 33 � 26.12 - ( 26.12)] m = (548.46 - 230994225) � (861.96 - 26.12) m = -230993676.5 � 835.84 m = -276361.12 now I have found 'm' I need to find the intercept of the y axis 'c' by using the formula: c = Y - mX c = (3.25�33) ...read more.

Conclusion

This is a high figure and show that there is a strong correlation between the population size and the number of services in the area. It can be proved when we look at figures such as in Leicester where the population is 279800 and the number of services in this area is 927, and then if we look at Swithland where the population is 229 and there is 3 services in this area. From this it shows that there is a clear difference between the numbers of services and there population. But it is also obvious that it looks like there could be a correlation because as the population increased then so did the number of services. This is what I concluded from the spearman rank, that there is a strong, positive correlation between the population size and the number of services. However the objective of this was to find whether there is a correlation and I found when I found that there is, it only tells me if there is a correlation and not whether there is a hierarchy in Leicestershire which is the overall objective of the investigation. Therefore to find this I used a logarithmic graph which is a line graph which was a graph of population plotted against number of services. In this I found the exact formula for the line of best fit by using the equation y = mx + c. upon this line I found clusters which shown what levels certain areas were at on the hierarchy. However I found that two of the areas did not specifically fit on ring of clusters or the line of best fit. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Urban hierarchy

    There are less villages and small towns and so on. Services are things such as retailers (shops), professionals (doctors, lawyers etc), entertainment, government functions and leisure. The theory goes that the larger a settlement is, and therefore the higher it is on the urban hierarchy, the more services and functions it will have.

  2. Microclimates.My purpose of this study is to establish whether my hypotheses are true or ...

    23.00 NE 15 9 44 5 4 0.00 S 14 9 52 8 3 1.00 NE 13 9 60 10 3 2.00 N 11 8 68 7 2 3.00 S 10 8 76 7 2 4.00 SE 11 9 78 8 3 5.00 SE 11 10 90 6 4 6.00

  1. AIDS Coursework

    Malawi's first AIDS case was reported in 1985. In response, the Government implemented a short-term AIDS strategy (including blood screening and HIV education programmes), and created the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP)

  2. Does quality of life increase as one moves away from CBD of Swansea?

    Why is this then? The hypothesis assumes that the quality of life increases as one moves away from the CBD of Swansea, therefore the further the way one is from the CBD, one must have transport to travel to the CBD for the access to shops, leisure facilities etc., to improve the quality of life.

  1. Sao Paulo Research.

    These schemes are relatively cheap and give the migrants a sense of control over their future. They also encourage community spirit. 3. Rehabilitation (Multiroes self-help schemes): An alternative to this scheme is to provide the residents of the shanty towns with the materials to improve their existing shelters.

  2. An investigation into the comparison of the activities carried out in Manchester's and Bolton's ...

    most people believe, and that it affects most of Lancashire and the North-West of England. I chose the because I believe people use different modes of transport to enter Manchester depending on what their purpose is. Q1) Where do people live who visit Manchester's CBD?

  1. Investigating the theory Tesco dominates shopping patterns in Purley

    The first question links with the fifth question where around 5% shop in Tesco because of the price, 72% because of the convenience and 16% because of the selection. Many people use Tesco in Purley, an estimate 90% said yes and a weak 10% said that they do not use Tesco.

  2. Road Traffic Accidents

    As a general rule the breaking distance becomes four times greater as the speed of the car is doubled. Pedestrians Pedestrians have a great ability to prevent being struck by cars, as it is very rare for collisions to occur outside of the roadway.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work