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Discuss the Causes of Population and Employment Growth in an area you have studied (Devon), using the sub-headings in Key Idea 2 as a guide.

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Discuss the Causes of Population and Employment Growth in an area you have studied (Devon), using the sub-headings in Key Idea 2 as a guide. The county of Devon in the S.W of England has seen the effects of counterubanisation (the de-centralisation of people and economic activities from urban areas to rural areas). The county was amongst the big gainers of population from 1981-1991. Devon grew between 7 and 10.4%, which is above Britain, -0.8 to 2.3%. The cause of population and employment growth in Devon can be explained by three main causes. Firstly, technological advancements in transport and communication. Changing perceptions of the relative quality of life in urban and rural areas. ...read more.


The British European airline employs over 500 people there, who assist on flights across Europe and occasionally transatlantic flights. Finally, railway linking to London gives important communication links to the capital and also allows commuting. The environment is a very important factor for counterurbanisation to Devon. The Exeter area is covered in woodland and rolling agricultural land. The county of Devon as a whole also has two National Parks, Dartmoor and Exmoor. These draw people from all over Britain. Being near to the coast and having a river flowing through the centre means Exeter is perfectly located from water leisure activities. Exeter has 15 conservation areas and 1,600 listed buildings. ...read more.


Thirdly, Exeter is becoming more attractive to businesses. In the 1970's the London and Manchester Assurance Company moved to Clyst St. Mary's. At first this split the village, however now the people are realising how beneficial it is to the economy. The Sowton Industrial Estate meant that more workers were drawn to Exeter and that there were lots of local jobs. Royal Mail, South West Electricity and many more are based there. Exeter University ensures large numbers of people keeping the area lively. This means there is no shortage of well educated employees, which in turn means thriving businesses and in turn a thriving area. In 2001 the Met office employees ad their families moved to Exeter. They chose the area because running costs were �5m a year less than in Bracknell. All the things previously talked about also played a part in choosing Exeter. ...read more.

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