• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the impact of the Afghanistan conflict on the economy, society, political and environment.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the impact of the Afghanistan conflict on the economy, society, political and environment. Afghanistan War is an international conflict in Afghanistan. It is a military invasion of Afghanistan that was launched by the U.S. and the U.K. in October of 2001, largely in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks and with the intent of removing the Taliban regime from power. The conflict is still ongoing, with a possibility the NATO troops will withdraw from Afghanistan in 2014. Afghanistan has some of the most rugged terrain, inhospitable mountainous landscape in the world. More than 50% of the total land area lies above 6,500 ft. (2,000 m). It all ends in the high peaks of the Hindu Kush, where extensions of the Pamir Mountains, Karakorum Mountains and the Himalayas all come together. In the north, the landscape is primarily covered with farms. The desert with scattered salt flats occupies the southern landscape. Plants and wildlife in desert and mountain systems are adapted to the rigors of these habitats. However, the harsh conditions make these systems especially fragile and put them at risk from sudden changes, and both deserts and mountains are notoriously slow in recovering from damage. Afghanistan once consisted of major forests watered by monsoons. During the Civil war, members of the Taliban illegally traded timber in Pakistan, destroying much of the forest cover. ...read more.

Middle

The life expectancy for the average Afghan has dropped significantly to 44. The war has lowered people's life expectancies as the death rate and life expectancy rates highlight. During the Taliban rule, the role of women was domestic and had little rights. Women could not be educated or enter employment and those who defied the Taliban were punished extremely, with some women being publically executed. However after the Taliban's fall from power, women's rights have increased with women returning to education and employment. Education has greatly improved in Afghanistan since 2001, where more than 5.4 million children returned to school with nearly 35% of them girls. However it is still estimated 11 million Afghans are still illiterate. Many schools lack funding so have poor facilities and the number of qualified teachers is low and cultural bias that many Afghans have against educating women still needs to be overcome. Since the invasion of 2001 the economy of Afghanistan has improved significantly due to a mixture of billions of US dollars in international assistance and investments. It is also due to dramatic improvements in agricultural production and the end of a four-year drought in most of the country. However, Afghanistan still remains one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world that is highly dependent on foreign aid. The Afghan economy is significantly dependent on agriculture as most of the land is cultivated. ...read more.

Conclusion

Another impact is the loss of vital workers which deters development and progress of the country. After the invasion, the Taliban was removed from power and a democratic government was set up with free elections to elect the President. There were two elections, where both women and men voted and Karzai was elected President, showing democracy was established and working. However it was soon emerged the elections were fixed and the new government was corrupt, weakening the new system of Government. It also encouraged many Afghans to align themselves with the Taliban who were seen as a more stable government. NATO forces are trying to strengthen the fragile democracy in Afghanistan by holding international conferences. Furthermore after the Taliban regime came to an end in Afghanistan, members were pushed into Pakistan, where the gained support of northern Pakistan. Their control spread over the country till they were only an hour from Islamabad. The Taliban's presence destabilised Pakistan, and the army pushed them back northwards to the Hindu Kush Mountains. In conclusion the Afghanistan conflict has had both a positive and negative impact on Afghanistan and the people. The conflict has ended the Taliban rule which meant many Afghans benefitted as they were free from persecution. The education, economy, political and social impacts have generally improved. However there are some drawbacks such as the Government being corrupt and rigged elections and its extreme reliance on Aid. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. tourism impact

    Furthermore people like taking weekend trips to places and which place would be better than Torbay as it is by the sea, has palm trees and many other lovely features. Also a greater car ownership means that people have more freedom and opportunities to go on short break holidays.

  2. Development of the leisure and recreation industry

    They had service options and different food orientations, so some provided fast food and other have restaurants, some have buffet style restaurants and others have full waiter service. 5. Country side recreation The term countryside and recreation cover an extremely large range of activities that are; land based, water based and air based.

  1. Poverty in Africa, the widespread effects of poverty in Africa have had substantial effects ...

    these industries only employ about two million people which is a tiny fraction of the continents population. The profits usually go to large corporations or the government and are usually spent on either luxuries for the elite, or on projects that return little value.

  2. Free essay

    Assess the extent to which the conflict resolution strategies in Afghanistan have been successful. ...

    However some of the police officers are easily bribed so NATO forces have to keep a look about for corruption and prevent it happening. The check points are not as efficient as members of the Taliban use the side roads to enter the cities rather than the main roads into the city.

  1. Energy and conflict

    * At this stage, Russia had huge energy reserves which were largely unexploited. However, by the end of the 20th century, improvements in technology made Russia a major force in the energy market. * After the collapse of the USSR in 1991 there was privatisation of the energy companies, creating huge wealth for some Russians.

  2. The relationships between the physical environment and economic activities are no longer important. Discuss.

    If post industrial cities no longer rely on the physical environment for their economic activity, but pre industrial and industrial cities derive their location, habitation and economic activity from the physical environment of their surroundings, it could be argued that those nation states who have no undergone industrialisation have a greater reliance on the physical environment.

  1. Tourism in pakistan

    Such is the variety Pakistan offers, a country with an area of 803,950 square kilometers and a population of some114 million. Everywhere, you'll meet friendly and hospitable people, welcoming you to their homes. (Source: Pakistan Tourism, 2005) The center of half a dozen ancient civilizations is evident in the sights and scenes you'll come across at diverse places.

  2. What is the impact of Tourism and Recreation on Epping Forest?

    Before I begin the initial piece of coursework I will research about the subject in hand, to gain a greater understanding of what I producing a piece of coursework based upon. From researching, I will then proceed to evaluate the information, and then obviously start the assignment.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work