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Discuss the view that poor road network is a greatest hindrance to economic development of Malawi.

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Introduction

DISCUSS THE VIEW THAT POOR ROAD NETWORK IS A GREATEST HINDRANCE TO ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF MALAWI 1. An efficient and well-integrated transport system is paramount to the development of any country, especially a land-locked country like Malawi, which is heavily dependant on external trade, using a complex of transport systems.1A good quality road infrastructure is paramount to a country's economy. But a poor road network, not only in Malawi, but also in other developing countries, is a hindrance to economic development. "In adequacy or absence of such infrastructures and existence of bottlenecks frustrate economic development of a country by inhibiting some activities that contributes to a country's development."2 2. Without transport, development is impossible. Transport simply means; infrastructural networks and means of locomotion as to the economic activity represented transporting of goods and passengers. Development refers to growth, understood as an increase in national wealth as may be defined by nations accountants. The building of a road or railway, the making a way of means of moving about makes possible to export the produce of local production operations to other markets. These outlets allow intensified production, increased income for population, diversification of consumption and thereby contributing to economic development of a country. ...read more.

Middle

It had impacts, economically on areas around it.6 4. Not only economically, but also socially have these roads understudy affected areas around them. These are a part of that country and the hindrance to economic development of the areas contributes to the underdevelopment of a country as a whole. Poor road network has had an impact on agriculture, Malawi's main economic activity, evident in areas like; Karonga, Chitipa, Salima and Lilongwe, where people are self employed in agriculture. Cash crops grown are maize, cotton; and subsistence crops grown are; rice, maize, ground nuts and cassava. Few farmers manage to transport their products to markets like ADMARC and TAMA because of high transportation costs due to poor state of roads, which results in increasing wear and tear of the vehicles. Transportation of farm inputs like fertilizer and seeds is too high. Because of this, farmers have reduced their farms in order to reduce their yield, as they see no point of growing a lot of crops and then find no market to sell to. In Karonga, farmers who keep cattle fail to transport their milk products and the same is true for farmers who grow vegetables. ...read more.

Conclusion

They resort to hiring vehicles when theirs break down, which is expensive. They end up scaling down their operations and concentrates on routes that are less restrictive operationally and as a result there is no enlargement on consumer markets leading to impossibilities of economies of scale, production and distribution. In Chitipa, all wholesalers, except one have closed down their shop outlets (SOBO, CHIPIKU). 5.Poor road network has direct impacts on the economy of Malawi, but it is not the only factor that has hindered development. Some of these are; foreign policies (which restrict some exports and imports), laziness on our part, lack of skill, or rather, stereo-typing. We just concentrate on one way of developing our country, which we think is 'education', lack of technology. 6.All in all, road network or transport as implied by Lord Hailey, "there seems to be no other type of development apart from transport which can affect so speedy a change in the economic and social condition of a backward country" has surely proved to be true. 1 J.H.A. MAIDA: Factsheet on Ministry of Transport.(August 1992) 2 Pierre Yves Peguy: Dossier, The Courier (1998) 3 Transport statistics: National statistics office (1997) 4 Allan P. Kumwenda (23rd August 2002) Dissertation 5 Pickmore Swira (2003) Dissertation 6 Eric B.B. Munthali (2001) Dissertation 7 Eric B.B Munthali (2001) 8 Eric B.B Munthali (2001) 9 pickmore Swira (2003) ...read more.

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