• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the view that the growth of the Global Market Economy is incompatible with the Goal of Environmental Conservation.

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the view that the growth of the Global Market Economy is incompatible with the Goal of Environmental Conservation. At first sight, growth in the economy would seem to be incompatible with the goal of environmental conservation. There are three main goals of Environmental Conservation (Adams 1990). Firstly, all the natural cycles and processes must be maintained to support human life. Secondly, the preservation of biodiversity in order to act both as insurance against any damage to complex food chains, and as an investment for the future (Adams 1990). The third objective set out by the World Conservation Strategy was the 'sustainable development' of ecosystems; for example, the fertility of grazing lands must be maintained to prevent desertification. In order for today's economy to function, fuels have to be taken from the ground and burnt, goods must be carted from place to place and a certain amount of waste must be produced. ...read more.


A growth in the economy and subsequent increase in affluence (and consumption) could only exacerbate this problem. In order for a growth in the economy to be sustained, the current rate of environmental degradation may have to be increased. Degradation of the environment and consumption of raw materials at a faster rate than can be compensated for by the Earth's natural cycle, is in effect making the world poorer. "Nature has the capacity to recycle wastes and reconstitute them into new resources of concentrated material quality. However, its capacity is regulated by sunlight and photosynthesis, not by economic theory or politics' (Porritt 2000). According to the theory of thermodynamics, when raw materials are burnt, their quality deteriorates. As the access to raw materials becomes scarcer and of lower quality, the world's economy has fewer raw materials on which to support itself. The economy therefore is dependent on the environment, which would mean that for economic growth to be sustained, the goal of environmental conservation must be achieved. ...read more.


Recycling is a key element when trying to make a growth in the global economy compatible with the goal of environmental conservation. To make the economy compatible with the goals of environmental conservation, there are simple precautions that should be looked at. Firstly, material should not be taken from nature at a faster rate than is replaceable. This would deplete resources and would have a negative effect on the eco-system wherever it is extracted. Secondly, materials which do not decompose quickly, should be put back into the environment as little as possible, and wherever possible be recycled. It is unlikely that the decline in pollution as predicted by Simon Kuznet in 1955 will occur before many of the goals of environmental conservation are breeched. This is because the economy in its current state is geared in to abusing the environment to pay for economic growth. The economy as it is now is not compatible with the goals of environmental conservation. It is in its long-term interest however to become compatible. This is because if it does not, resource depletion and pollution will cripple the economy. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. The Growth of Dubai

    Al-Fahidi Fort in Dubai (1951). Dubai Museum now. Graph Showing Population from 1900-2000 - see attached graph Pattern of Growth and Reasons International trade was the basis of Dubai's prosperity. This gave the city an early start in development before the beginning of oil production in the 1960s.

  2. 'There is nothing in the Montessori prepared environment that is there by chance.' Discuss.

    (Social and physical) Continued on next page Purpose of a prepared environment, Continued Table 1: Summary of elements and their purpose in a Prepared Environment, Continued Description Purpose (Area of development) * A cloakroom or lockers labelled with individual names of the children * To enable the children to put their own personal belongings such as bags, shoes, coats.

  1. Economic Growth & Development Questions and answers.

    objective, as it can be measured with a set figure and tends to be much more of an exact science. However, development is more normative and it is more difficult to judge accurate figures to gauge a 'correct' level of the development (e.g.

  2. What are the main features of a Savanna ecosystem?

    The main attraction to the park is the fact that you can see animals in their natural habitat, untouched by man. In recent years tourists have been more attracted to the park, due to improved accommodation and facilities. Now you are provided with a bath or shower, a pool and good food.

  1. Explain How Economists Measure Living Standards In an Economy and Discuss The Possible Uses ...

    goods will raise GDP per capita but may well deduce living standards as the opportunity cost of such production is the consumer goods forgone. GNP per capita in some countries is worth more to the individual than other countries, mainly due to exchange rates.

  2. PEST analysis report for three leisure firms that operate in different sectors of the ...

    to be successful than the one which is equipped with normal/old equipment. The same thing is happening to all leisure firms. * The music market has been driven by technology for more than a decade, both in terms of replaying the recordings (the CD revolution)


    One consequence of this increase in air transport is that tourism now accounts for more than 60% of air travel and is therefore responsible for an important share of air emissions. One study estimated that a single transatlantic return flight emits almost half the CO2 emissions produced by all other sources (lighting, heating, car use, etc.)

  2. Tourism and the Environment

    The beach management programme entails:- * Control of population encroachment on protected areas. * Regulation of commercial activities along the beaches. * Ensuring visitor safety at the beaches. To this end a multi sectoral commission of the Kenya Tourist Industry has been created whose terms of reference include:- * Conducting

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work