• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13

Does Antarctica need protecting?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Antarctica is the fifth largest of the seven continents. In area it is larger than Europe. The Antarctic continent is covered by a huge thickness of ice which covers over 90% of its area. This ice cap holds over 90% of the world's fresh water in a frozen state. In winter the continent appears to double in size as the ice spreads northwards - sometimes as far as South Georgia. Icebergs have been seen north of the Falkland Islands. The Antarctic contains the largest amount of ice in the world. The ice is very different from the Arctic where the ice is floating and very much thinner. Greenland has the only comparable large ice cap in the northern hemisphere on land. Antarctica is the driest continent on earth. The amount of moisture received by the polar is comparable to that falling on the world's hot deserts. Antarctica is the coldest continent on earth. The lowest temperature ever recorded on earth is minus 89.2C at Vostok, in the Australian Antarctic Territory, in 1983. Antarctica is the windiest continent on earth. Winds flow down the coastal slopes under the influence of gravity. Speeds of these winds have been recorded up to 327 kilometres per hour. Antarctica is the highest continent on earth: average elevation is 2500 meters (average elevation of Australia is only 340 meters). ...read more.

Middle

For example global warming may contribute to break-up of large areas of ice-shelf and cause loss of habitat for animals' dependent on the ice-shelf; increasing UV radiation may cause changes to phytoplankton communities and could have effects up the food chain. Global change may also bring about changes in the Antarctic that could have serious environmental consequences elsewhere in the world, for example changes in the amount of water locked up in Antarctic ice may contribute to global sea level change. Finally, the Antarctic region is a sensitive indicator of global change. The polar ice cap holds within it a record of past atmospheres that go back tens or even hundreds of thousands of years, allowing study of the earth's natural climate cycles against which the significance of recent changes can be judged. Background Information A map showing the location of each of the countries laying claim to Antarctica: Development data for the 7 countries that lay claim to Antarctica: Donut Graph to show GDP per Capita comparison of the 7 countries laying claim to Antarctica: The map shows that the countries in the following order largest to smallest have claim: 1. Australia 2. Norway 3. Chile 4. Argentina 5. New Zealand 6. UK 7. French However the GDP of each country largest to smallest is in the following order: 1. Norway 2. France 3. ...read more.

Conclusion

2. Ratification by the United States of the Agreed Measures for Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora. 3. A ban on harvesting of living resources except for scientific purposes, until a management arrangement is developed, based on an assessment of its effect on the total Southern Ocean ecosystem. Exploitation under existing agreements (e.g., Antarctic Seal Convention and the International Whaling Commission whaling quotas) should be included in determining this assessment. 4. The continued agreement under the Antarctic Treaty prohibiting the disposal of radioactive wastes. Extension of the prohibition to include any highly toxic or long-lasting wastes. 5. The continued agreement under the Antarctic Treaty prohibiting all military activities. 6. Strengthened and continued strict control of all scientific research and an open exchange of information. 7. Limited tourism and its careful management so as to avoid pollution and damage to the Antarctic environment. 8. Increased public participation in the decision- making process on Antarctica, including the establishment of an advisory committee on which environmental interests are represented. I think the Antarctic should be used in an efficient, protective manor in which people can enjoy it. For this to happen the countries that are laying claim to Antarctica should let go of their claim and share Antarctica as one whole continent, a bit like the EU. Once this has been done sections of Antarctica should cordoned off for different purposes e.g. 1/8 for tourism, 1/4 for viable fishing. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel & Tourism

    5 star(s)

    There are no set requirements, but employers may prefer me to have GCSEs/S grades (A-C/1-3) in English, maths, geography and foreign languages. Travel and tourism courses may provide a useful background. Holiday representatives range from 18 to 65 years of age, and must be in good health.

  2. International Ecotourism Management: Using Australia and Africa as Case Studies.

    The use is often high. It is not uncommon to have high quality natural environments in national parks visited by millions of visitors each year, with generally acceptable levels of impact. For example, the United States has 10 national parks each with visitation of over 2 million people per year.

  1. Impacts of Tourism on Antarctica.

    He compares previous condition of Antarctica with present. He points out the word said by David M Bresnahan, the senior NSF official at Mc Murdo, bristles "If you think Mc Murdo is ugly now, talk to some one who was here three or four, or 10 years ago".

  2. The Board of directors of Barclays have asked me to submit a formal business ...

    XTAS (exchange trade access system) which allows end users to deal directly to fund exchanges around the world. It allows direct access and Swiss exchanges, Tokyo exchanges and electronic access to the pits of the Chicago exchange. Conclusion --> The analysis demonstrates that environment trends-economic, demographic, social, political, physical and technological have a substantial impact on Barclays.

  1. Investigating Travel and Tourism

    Whereas Blackpool pleasure beach in the early 1980`s had an halted decline. It remains stable as people still visit the pleasure beach and the attractions. Conclusion. The product life cycle corresponds with the rise and decline in tourist destinations and the position of holiday camps.

  2. What is the impact of Tourism and Recreation on Epping Forest?

    to the public, for the reason that includes the fact that the ownership of the recreational area, personally do not believe that a large number of visitors visit the area every year, and that they would be wasting assets and making a significant loss over the years..

  1. The UK travel and tourism industry

    passengers (including those with special needs); passenger's safety and catering on board the aircraft. There has been a rapid growth in one particular sector of the airline business, namely budget airlines or 'no frills' airlines, which sell direct to the public and offer a basic service at a very competitive price.

  2. The costs and benefits of tourism in Polar Regions

    even south of the Arctic Circle where tourism acts on a much grander scale with its huge national parks, in particular Banff Townsite. Once a 'friendly, quiet town in the mountains', the past twenty years has seen Banff become a bustling resort town, known for its congestion, commercialisation and urban qualities (Cheng, 1980).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work