• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Earthquakes are perhaps one of natures most breathtaking, yet deadly and destructive wonders.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Earthquakes are perhaps one of natures most breathtaking, yet deadly and destructive wonders that remain untamed by modern day man and his ever advancing technological and scientific evolution. Deaths, fires and economic ruin are all associated with this massive battle with nature. German meteorologist Alfred Wegener discovered in 1912 the earth's continents in fact fit together like pieces in a giant jigsaw puzzle, and 200 million years ago there would have existed a single land mass, much different to the familiar face of the earth today (diagram 1) . Significant scientific and geological research and developments made since have not only confirmed this, but led to the conclusion that our earth is not as stagnant as once assumed. In fact, on the contrary, it is dynamic and always changing and over millions of years the once united landscape has fragmented and moved apart to create the world as it is now commonly known. The explanation for these amazing shifts of enormous continental land masses lies right at the heart of the earth, hundreds of miles below the surface at the core. ...read more.

Middle

The high death toll in Gujarat has since been identified by the Government of India partly as a result of 'sharp practices' in the building trade, shortcuts taken, corners cut and ultimately lives lost. Many hapless others were simply crushed to death under their makeshift wooden or tin homes, unable to afford 'proper' accommodation and stood no chance against one of natures super powers. No water was available for weeks after and heating, lighting and medical help was also of scarce supply. Shockingly and most frustratingly, for the aid workers that had arrived, it wasn't the lack of help that was the problem but in fact there was such an influx of volunteers that they had no direction, organisation nor a plan to adhere to; "The tragedy is not that there is no one to help, it is the opposite," the Times of India reported. "Relief is coming in a tidal wave, rescue missions have arrived from across the globe but there is no direction to these efforts." Another report in the Guardian newspaper in Britain reported of another problem typical in countries with a distinct lack of government plans. ...read more.

Conclusion

Lack of cohesion, no immediate action and time wasted and lives lost as they pondered over what they should do. The World Bank issued them with emergency funding some two months after the disaster, by then people were sleeping without a roof for weeks, even months. This all despite two earthquakes of over 6.0 on the Richter scale in the previous four years, yet no plan was ever made in the event of a repeat. Earthquakes are an inevitable part of life in some parts of the world and many countries, mainly in the developed world have put resources and finances towards strengthening buildings and creating action plans and this approach should be echoed across all earthquake prone areas no matter how small the threat, but as shown recently in Turkey the economically less well off nations face a struggle to find the money for such plans. Even the public vetoed an 'earthquake tax' which the Turkish government tried to impose, yet it is they who will complain that no help arrived if another strikes soon. In general large earthquakes will always bring about a loss of life but many can be saved by a carefully thought through plan and so question facing governments and their electorate all over the world is how much do they value the human life?. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. A Report Of The Investigation into Health and Safety In The Workplace

    Therefore, it should be taken all the possible precautions to make sure a fire doesn't start. Fire risk assessment must be carried out in the majority of workplaces. Fire and smoke alarm must be tested regularly. Fire exits must be clearly marked and nothing should be put in the way that the fire or slow down people trying to leave.

  2. Title : The Determination of Microbial Numbers Objectives:Practically every phase of microbiology requires ...

    As we seen in the result, the distribution of the colonies are sometimes colonize certain area of the Petri plate. I think the main reason is cause by uneven mixing of the molten agar. To enhance the accuracy, I think we should duplicate the result and compare it with other

  1. Effects of Earthquakes.

    By 0500, the Los Angeles County Emergency Operations Center was staffed and operating and thirty minutes later, initial damage assessments were compiled. The earthquake, which came to be known as the "Northridge earthquake," collapsed freeway overpasses, damaged roadways, shut off power, started fires, closed and evacuated hospitals and resulted in

  2. Earthquake is a shaking of the ground caused by the sudden breaking and shifting ...

    Such a framework makes the skyscraper strong enough and yet flexible enough to withstand an earthquake. Earthquake-resistant homes, schools, and workplaces have heavy appliances, furniture, and other structures fastened down to prevent them from toppling when the building shakes. Gas and water lines must be specially reinforced with flexible joints to prevent breaking.

  1. How much are humans to blame for Australian bushfire devastation in February 2009?

    They would be a huge risk in the current conditions of Australia because the conditions are very hot, dry and windy due to the recent heat wave to hit Australia. The fires could spread really easily due to the high winds and get easily out of control.

  2. The Crust, The Mantle and The Core

    If the magma cools and hardens inside the earth it is called "intrusive" rock. These rocks cool slowly and have large crystals. When the magma comes out of the earth's crust through a volcano, it is called "extrusive".If It cools off quickly, the crystals that form are very small and if it cools slowly the crystals are larger.

  1. What are Earthquakes?

    Types of Earthquakes All earthquakes may be classified as one of three types, tectonic, volcanic or artificial. Tectonic earthquakes are caused by movements of the plates which make up the crust of the earth. These earthquakes usually occur far below the surface of the earth (as much as 400 miles)

  2. Measuring the Intensity of Earthquakes.

    The worst occurred in 1556 in the Shannxi (Shensi) Province in China and killed an estimated 800,000 people. During the 18th century, the Japanese city of Edo (site of modern day Tokyo) was struck and killed 200,000. Earthquakes in Sicily in 1693 and Lisbon in 1755 each killed about 60,000 people.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work