• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Earthquakes-Why do some areas suffer more than others?

Extracts from this document...


Earthquakes-Why do some areas suffer more than others? The main defining point of this question is where the specific area is. Whether it is situated on a boundary or close to it. Earthquakes have been experienced in areas such as England where it was assumed that no seismic activity was present here. This was until it was discovered that England has many fault lines running through the country. Other areas that have experienced earthquakes and do not lie on plate boundaries are areas known as hot spots i.e. Hawaii. From figure 3,51 in the text book it is clear that most of the seismic activity is experienced on or near the plate margins that make up the crust of the earth surface. This is due to the high activity at these points where new material is 'created' or 'destroyed'. From fig 3.51 I can deduce one other aspect of earthquakes and that is that there is a far greater number of reported earthquakes on the eastern sea board of Asia which runs down throughout Indonesia and continues down most of the western rim of the pacific ocean. ...read more.


This is important because we can now estimate areas that are going to be under larger threats from violent earthquakes and which are not. From the above I can determine that areas near conservative and destructive plates are going to under a larger threat than areas along constructive plate margins. Apart from the geological features such as plate boundaries the other main reason why different areas suffer in different ways comes down to human influences, for example, development and the hazards associated with developed and developing areas. Some places are considered to potentially suffer more because there is a far greater risk for people and property. If an earthquake was to hit an urban area the chances of damage from the hazard are greater than that if the earthquake struck in the countryside for example. This means the urban area would suffer more. There are many other factors, which do influence the destructive power of an earthquake. ...read more.


Apart from physical characteristics many areas prone to earthquakes suffer more due to the inability of authorities to act and protect areas at threat. Earthquakes are a potential threat anywhere on the globe but this threat is enhanced due to geological features such as positions in relations to plate boundaries. The effect that Earthquakes have is one that can be determined by people by taking the neccercary precautions. Areas experiencing earthquakes will always suffer but the degree of suffering will depend on the position of the area, the precautions that have been taking by the authorities, building criteria, and a new idea that has been introduced, land management. This idea is taken on board from flood prevention by placing areas that are less effected by flooding near the river i.e. farmland and areas that would be damaged considerably (property) away from the river channel itself. This idea could mean that areas prone to earthquakes would build low density housing near the area most at risk. Alex Robinson ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Hazardous Environments section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Hazardous Environments essays

  1. Earthquakes are perhaps one of natures most breathtaking, yet deadly and destructive wonders.

    that are commonly associated in countries of similar economic standing across the globe. In the developing world earthquakes ultimately mean thousands of deaths; densely populated city areas, crammed full of impoverished people in unsuitable housing are killed by their homes collapsing on them, many others by the resultant fires that

  2. Why do LEDC's Suffer Greater Damage From Earthquakes Than MEDC's

    Also, a social effect would be that funerals would have to be arranged would also lead to a rise in income for funeral directors as there would be so much demand as there was so many deaths. I disagree to an extent with the statement that LEDC's suffer greater damage

  1. The extent to which earthquakes are hazardous depends on where and when they are ...

    The Chinese Government were heavily criticised for their slow response, taking several days to declare a state of emergency and initially refusing offers of aid, with many believing the government were more concerned with their international reputation and hosting the Beijing Olympics later that year.

  2. Title : The Determination of Microbial Numbers Objectives:Practically every phase of microbiology requires ...

    These include pipetting inconsistencies, in homogeneity of the sample, insufficient mixing and several other factors. Hence, if accurate counts are too obtained, great care and consistency must be taken in sample preparation and Pipetting, and replicate plates of key dilutions must be prepared.

  1. "Does the level of development of a country affect the number of deaths caused ...

    using GNP because I feel it is the best measure for this task. If an earthquake has occurred twice in the same country I will take the statistics from the most recent earthquake. I am going to miss out any earthquakes where there is more than one death toll, (an official estimate and unofficial estimate.)

  2. Explain why some physical environments attract more human activity than others

    Geothermal energy is a prime way to utilise a potential hazard. This is mainly done in MEDCs as it is large scale, and uses expensive technology. Iceland is a great example, where there is a high concentration of volcanoes. Apart from hydropower, Iceland's major source of energy is created from geothermal heat, acquired in the 5 geothermal power plants.

  1. Earthquakes: Why do some places suffer more than others?

    In addition, the depth of focus is pivotal in determining the level of suffering. Generally, shallow earthquakes tend to result in a greater intensity of surface shaking, and often cause the greatest loss of life and damage to property. Shallow earthquakes are also often associated with destructive margins, where the

  2. Volcanic and seismic events are major pieces of evidence towards proving that plate-tectonics theory ...

    As a mechanism to drive this system, Hess revived the idea (proposed in the 1930s and 1940s by Arthur Holmes and others) of thermal convection cells in the mantle; that is, hot magma rises from the mantle, intrudes along fractures deï¬ning oceanic ridges, and thus forms new crust.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work