• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Tourism: Antipodes

Extracts from this document...


Economic, Social and Environmental Impacts of Tourism: Antipodes Table of Contents Introduction------------------------------------------------------ 3 Economic Impact------------------------------------------------ 3 Social Impact---------------------------------------------------- 4 Environmental Impact------------------------------------------ 6 Conclusion------------------------------------------------------- 7 Reference-------------------------------------------------------- 8 Appendices------------------------------------------------------- 9 Introduction This report will look at the Economic, Social and Environmental impacts of tourism in Antipodes (Australia & New Zealand) on both positive and negative views. The Antipodes has a rich relationship with the tourism industry, with people all over the world visit every year, tourism delivers significant benefits, also problems to Antipodes. Economic Positive Impact International tourist coming to the area will bring in much needed foreign exchange into the local economy. In Australia, 2001-2002 tourism generated 4.5 per cent of gross domestic product and 11.2 per cent of exports, was the largest export earner within the service sector, had total visitor consumption of $17 billion, and directly employed 549 000 persons. Tourism can be a significant, even essential, part of the local economy. As the environment is a basic component of the tourism industry's assets, tourism revenues are often used to measure the economic value of protected areas. For example, Dorrigo National Park in New South Wales, Australia, has been estimated to contribute 7% of gross regional output and 8.4% of regional employment. ...read more.


Benefits can include upgraded infrastructure, health and transport improvements, new sport and recreational facilities, restaurants, and public spaces as well as an influx of better-quality commodities and food. Tourism can boost the preservation and transmission of cultural and historical traditions, which often contributes to the conservation and sustainable management of natural resources, the protection of local heritage, and a renaissance of indigenous cultures, cultural arts and crafts. Tourism also helps raise local awareness of the financial value of natural and cultural sites and can stimulate a feeling of pride in local and national heritage and interest in its conservation. More broadly, the involvement of local communities in tourism development and operation appears to be an important condition for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity. Negative Impact Tourism can turn local cultures into commodities when religious rituals, traditional ethnic rites and festivals are reduced and sanitized to conform to tourist expectations, resulting in what has been called "reconstructed ethnicity." Once a destination is sold as a tourism product, and the tourism demand for souvenirs, arts, entertainment and other commodities begins to exert influence, basic changes in human values may occur. ...read more.


Global tourism is closely linked to climate change. Tourism involves the movement of people from their homes to other destinations and accounts for about 50% of traffic movements; rapidly expanding air traffic contributes about 2.5% of the production of CO2. Tourism is thus a significant contributor to the increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. An ecosystem is a geographic area including all the living organisms (people, plants, animals, and microorganisms), their physical surroundings (such as soil, water, and air), and the natural cycles that sustain them. The ecosystems most threatened with degradation are ecologically fragile areas such as alpine regions, rain forests, wetlands, mangroves, coral reefs and sea grass beds. The threats to and pressures on these ecosystems are often severe because such places are very attractive to both tourists and developers. Conclusion To conclude, the economic, social and environmental has both positive and negative impact on tourism. However, we should look on both. Reference Websites: 1. http://www.deh.gov.au 2. http://www.tourism.sa.gov.au 3. http://www.southaustralia.com 4. http://www.uneptie.org/pc/tourism/home.htm 5. http://www.qqtc.com.au 6. http://www.tourismcouncilwa.com.au Journal Articles: 1. Tourism Management September 1989 <Tourism: Australia's fastest growing industry> 2. Tourism Management January 1991 <Tourism, environment and Development> 3. Tourism Management June 1987 <Tourism models: the socio cultural aspects> 4. Tourism Management July 1987 <Economic aspects> 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Global Interdependence & Economic Transition essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Investigating Travel &amp;amp; Tourism

    5 star(s)

    However, the impact on tourism on host communities are often more negative than positive. Environmental There are big concerns about what tourism is having on the environmental side of tourism. This has led to big demanding of sustainable tourism. Type of Impact Positive Impacts Negative Impacts Economic Multiplier Effect Jobs

  2. Discuss the positive and negative economic impacts of tourism in Mallorca.

    accommodation in the Balearics and �2.907,7 million was other spending including leisure, entertainment, public transport and personal services. The main positive economic impacts of tourism relate to foreign exchange earnings, contributions to government revenues and generation of employment. In Mallorca the generation of employment is relatively high due to resorts like Magaluf and Palma Nova.

  1. Tourism in LEDC's creates environmental and social problems whilst bringing limited economic benefits. How ...

    Environmental problems are also an issue for LEDC's. Airports are built, dramatically increasing the flow of tourists and often overwhelming local infrastructures. The vast numbers of visitors arriving at destinations put considerable pressure on the environment and national resources. The need to accommodate the tourists increases the demand for land.

  2. Development of the leisure and recreation industry

    As explained visits to the Pub and other routine places are common to the local culture and this is socially significant. Structure of the Leisure and Recreation industry Organisations in the Leisure and Recreation industry can be divided up into two initial groups; Publicly owned and Privately owned.

  1. What role can Finance play in developing the Nigerian Business Environment? A Case Study ...

    The framework evaluates: Private Sector Development- A positive effect in creating sustainable enterprises capable of attracting finance, increasing competition and linkages, or bringing about improvements in the regulatory environment. Environmental Impact- IFC environmental, social, health and safety requirements. Economic Sustainability- Acceptable economic returns to society, taking into account net gains

  2. Examine the ways in which superpowers exert their influence

    It refers to the globalization of American businesses, culture, lifestyle and technology. This spread is made easier by global brands and logos, the global media e.g. Disney and CNN, globalised transport and communications connections, and American based TNCs. Again, taking the example of the Cold War, the Soviet Union exerted

  1. sustainable tourism in kenya

    4.3 ECO-TOURISM IN KENYA - A CASE STUDY Since independence in 1963 , Kenya has been a leader in the field of conservation of wildlife and biodiversity both aquatic and land based. The Kenya National Tourism Development Master Plan beyond the year 2000 focuses on better distribution of tourists so

  2. The relationships between the physical environment and economic activities are no longer important. Discuss.

    The dramatic impact of the Asian tsunami is a clear illustration. The movement of the tectonic plates that in turn triggered the tsunami could not have been predicated, although it has been argued that the quick pinpointing techniques could have provided greater notice of the wave.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work