• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Economics Essay on the change of the demographic characteristics of indonesia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Changes in the demographic characteristics of Indonesia during the last 10 years August 15 2011 Name: Tarun Sridhar Grade: 10B Introduction:- Indonesia's population in 1990 was 182 million.17000 islands out of which only 3000 islands are inhabited. Due to proximity of Malaysian/ Singaporean ports patrolling of islands is difficult so control of trade and financial flows are impossible. Java and Madura, account for 50% of the total population making the islands the most densely populated areas in the world. Land in java is more suitable for wet rice cultivation. Java and Sumatra receive abundant rainfall, reasonably well distributed throughout the year. Indonesia is endowed with significant resources such as fish, oil and gas, tin, copper, coal, gold, and the variety of other minerals. Long term success depends on proper management of these resources. The dominant ethnic groups are Javanese concentrated in central and east java, Sudanese pre dominantly in west java and malayo Polynesian groups spread across Sumatra and java islands. People of the Chinese origin account for only about 3 % of the total population but hold more than 80% of the corporate assets. Rate of population growth:- Indonesia happens to be the fourth most populous country in the world behind China, the U.S and India. The population of Indonesia in the year 2000 was 205.1 million. By 2010 it has gone up to 237.6 million, representing an increase of 32.5 million over 10 years at the rate of 1.58% per annum. ...read more.

Middle

The data on access to essential drugs are based on statistical estimates received from World Health Organization (WHO) country and regional offices and regional advisers and through the World Drug Situation Survey carried out in 1998-99. These estimates represent the best information available to the WHO Department of Essential Drugs and Medicines Policy to date and are currently being validated by WHO member states. The department assigns the estimates to four groupings: very low access (0-49%), low access (50-79%), medium access (80-94%) and good access (95-100%). These groupings, used here in presenting the data, are often employed by the WHO in interpreting the data, as the actual estimates may suggest a higher level of accuracy than the data afford. b. SOURCE: World Health Organization Hospital beds > per 1,000 people 6 per 1,000 people [28th of 149] DEFINITION: Hospital beds include inpatient beds available in public, private, general, and specialized hospitals and rehabilitation centers. In most cases beds for both acute and chronic care are included. View time series SOURCE: WHO (World Health Organization). 2001. Correspondence on access to essential drugs. Department of Essential Drugs and Medecines Policy. February. Geneva Infant mortality rate 36.82 [61st of 179] DEFINITION: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year per 1,000 live births in the same year. This rate is often used as an indicator of the level of health in a country SOURCE: World Development Indicators database Life expectancy at birth, total ...read more.

Conclusion

Year of2009:- Age Life expectancy rate <1 68.3 1-4 69.4 5-9 66 10-14 61.3 15-19 56.4 20-24 51.8 25-29 47.2 30-34 42.6 35-39 38 40-44 33.5 45-49 29.1 50-54 24.9 55-59 20.9 60-64 17.2 65-69 13.8 70-74 10.8 75-79 8.2 80-84 6 85-89 4.4 90-94 3.2 95-99 2.3 100+ 1.8 4 Year of 2000:- Age Life expectancy rate <1 67.9 1-4 69.7 5-9 66.9 10-14 62.2 15-19 57.4 520-24 52.7 25-29 48 30-34 43.4 35-39 38.7 40-44 34.2 45-49 29.7 50-54 25.4 55-59 21.3 60-64 17.4 65-69 13.9 70-74 10.8 75-79 8.1 80-84 6 85-89 4.3 90-94 3.1 95-99 2.3 100+ 1.8 3 Infant Mortality Rate:- Infant mortality is often associated with health care conditions for nursing during pregnancy as well as the hospital facilities for procedures. The mortality rate was quite high in Indonesia in the years up to 1970, but due to advancement of urbanization and the improvement in medical facilities and awareness, the infant mortality has been declining. Currently we have instances of 36.82 infant deaths under 1 year old in a year per 1000 live births. With increased awareness Conclusion:- The demography of the Indonesian population has changed for the better over the past 10 years. This is in view of the fact that the country has been experiencing good economic growth with political stability in the past decade while the growth in population has been modest. The composition of the population also indicates quite a sizable proportion of young men and women and therefore Indonesia is well poised to sustain its growth momentum and leap forward into the future. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Population & Settlement section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Population & Settlement essays

  1. Suggest &amp;amp; explain why, within a country, crude birth rate varies over time

    from 1970 - 1979 and had dropped from 34 per 1000 to 18 per 1000 and is now 14 per 1000. It has only gone down 4 per 1000 over 28 years and it has been resisted strongly by the people especially in rural areas as there are not enough people to work on farms.

  2. Urbanisation the general characteristics

    MEDCs During the 19th century, in what are now refered to as the more economically developed countries, the industrialisation led to huge demand for labour in the mills, minging and manufacturing centres. These were centred around the towns of the countries, or even the cey foundation for the major cities in these MEDCs.

  1. POPULATION GROWTH - China

    Efforts to control the growth of large cities led to the resettlement of 20,000,000 urbanites in the countryside after the failure of the Great Leap Forward and of 17,-000,000 urban-educated youths in the decade after 1968. Within the next decade, however, the majority of these "rusticated youths" were allowed to

  2. IB MATH METHODS SL - FISH ESCAPEMENT

    would be: Let r be the rate, and where 8 represents the number of years of growth. P8 = PO (r)8 Secondly, we can assume there is still an 8% rate of decline in population, and thus, we need a higher rate of increase and use the formula: P8 =

  1. World Development

    can't break through the poverty cycle by working as qualifications are unavailable. The education for MEDC'S is in majority, it has compulsory and full time secondary education (till16).The adult female and male literacy are the same with 99 in all developed countries.

  2. Indonesian Transmigration

    Transmigration takes place from the islands Java, Mandura, Bali and Lombok to Sumatara, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Irian Jaya. Between 1950 and 1984 Sumatara received 65% of transmigrants, Kalimantan received 18%, Sulawesi 14% and Irian Jaya 3%. Migrating families have to fit a certain criteria.

  1. Changes in Demographic Characteristics of Indonesia

    Life expectancy is a value that estimates how long a person from a specific country will live. Of course this varies from person to person but the figure is estimated from an average. The current life expectancy for an Indonesian from birth is 71.33 years (2011 est.).

  2. Helping the Street Children in Metropolitan Jakarta

    One of the emerging social problems in Indonesia, especially in the Jakarta, is the increase of the children as beggars and buskers along the streets, even in the roads. According to the results of a survey of social welfare problems conducted by the Central Bureau of Statistics and Ministry of

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work