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Education is the key to effective hazard mitigation

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Introduction

Education is the key to effective hazard mitigation In the 1990's there were two earthquakes of similar magnitude one in LA and one in India. Both were 6.6 on the Richter Scale. The Los Angeles population were warned prior to the earthquake and evacuation and prediction techniques were put in place. Only 57 people died, whereas in the Indian earthquake where there was no education 22,000 people died. Hazard mitigation is when the governments of frequently hazardous areas attempt to reduce the effect of hazards on the local population. This could include hazard-proof building materials, prediction methods, land-use zoning, evacuation and other educational methods. With many natural hazards it is very difficult to modify the hazardous event itself. ...read more.

Middle

can be diverted with channels or with avalanches they can build wedges around power lines. Land-use zoning involves reducing the impact of disasters on people who live in frequent hazard areas, for example the "red" area surrounding Mount Etna is designated as agricultural land only, and coastal areas, in Selsey, which flood often area now car parks and caravan parks only, not residential housing. Prediction methods and evacuation are often a form of mitigation used to prevent massive death numbers before a hazard occurs. Some hazards have clear warning signs and these can be predicted, therefore the population in danger can be warned and evacuated before the event itself. Education is the mitigation method which many governments opt to use, to reduce danger. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the India - LA case study indicates the effects that education can have on the number of deaths caused by a hazard. I believe that the more people are educated about a hazard the more they will respect the danger they are under and thus the more they will prepare for the hazard. One problem with education is that it is expensive, many LEDC's (less economically developed countries), like India, can not afford this form of hazard mitigation. In fact, many LEDC's can afford no hazard mitigation of any form, they rely on aid from MEDC's (more economically developed countries) after the event. Education is not the main mitigation which should be used. Other methods are just as important, as education cannot stop the hazard or reduce the death toll on its own, it requires prediction and barrier methods. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amye Harrison ...read more.

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