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Environmental Impacts of Tourism

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Environmental Impacts of Tourism A case study of the environmental impact of tourism to a destination and resort Contents Page number 1. Introduction 3 a. The family and their holiday 3 b. About the chosen destination 3 c. About the resort/ Cemaes Bay 5 d. Planning the Holiday 7 2. Service Provider 8 a. The Agent/Tour Operator environmental policies 8 b. Travel environmental policies 9 3. Methods of measuring the impacts 10 a. Quantifying Impacts 10 b. Accessing impacts Table 1 10 c. Accessing impacts Table 2 11 4. Impacts 12 a. Itinerary Table 3 12 b. Impacts based on itinerary Table 4 13 5. Discussion 15 6. Conclusion and recommendations 18 7. References 20 1. Introduction a) The Family and their Holiday A family of four family from Cheadle Hulme, Cheshire called the Wrights, who consist of Mother, Father and two children, aged 12 and 15 and a pet dog are taking a two week seaside holiday in Cemaes Bay, Anglesey, North Wales during the school summer holidays. This is planned as a top up holiday, as they have already spent two weeks abroad in Tenerife during the Easter holidays and they plan to use this holiday to participate in some water sports and other family activities. The Wrights, have over the last few years been conscious of environmental issues and have encouraged their children to limit their use of energy and water and also limit and sort waste products. Anglesey was chosen as it is only a two and half hour drive away from home and offers a good all-round family seaside holiday and is near enough for Mr. Wright to attend an important work meeting in Manchester which is planned for the middle of the holiday. b) About the chosen destination Anglesey is situated in the United Kingdom, just off the north-west coast of Wales and near the beautiful Snowdonia mountain range. ...read more.


4 times 6 times Taking boat to beach 2 times 4 times 6 times Water skiing 2 times 4 times 6 times Fishing 1 times 2 times 4 times Economical Impacts Pleasure trips in boat 2 times 4 times 8 times Cycling trip 1 times 2 times 3 times Windsurfing 1 times 2 times 3 times Shopping at Tesco 0 times 1 times 2 times Shopping at local shops 2 times 4 times 6 times Pre Cooked Meals 0 times 1 times 2 times Buying fish & Chips 1 times 2 times 4 times Barbeque on lawn 1 times 2 times 4 times Eating at local pubs 2 times 4 times 8 times Eating at a restaurant 1 times 2 times 3 times Picnics outside 2 times 4 times 6 times The second table looks at the definitions of the impacts and their affects and impacts on the economy, social and environmental aspects. Table 2 Environmental Impacts Sewage/ Waste Water usage Energy Resources Noise Pollution Air Pollution Natural & animal erosion Economic impacts Social impacts Flushing the toilet ( ( Having a shower ( ( Having a bath ( ( Cooking a meal ( ( ( Oven use ( Microwave use ( Washing Machine ( ( Clothes Dryer ( Kettle ( Toaster ( Heat/Light ( Hair Dryer ( TV/DVD ( Walk on coastal path ( ( Going for a swim ( Social & environmental impacts Driving around Anglesey ( ( ( ( ( Travelling to and from destination ( ( ( ( ( Taking boat to beach ( ( ( ( ( Water skiing ( ( ( ( ( Fishing ( ( Economical impact Boating pleasure trips ( ( ( ( ( Cycling trip ( ( Windsurfing ( ( Shopping at Tesco ( ( ( Shopping at local shops ( ( Pre Cooked Meals ( ( Buying fish & Chips ( ( Barbeque on lawn ( ( ( ( ( Eating at local pubs ( ( Eating at restaurant ( ( Picnics outside ( ( ( ( ( Symbol guide ( = negative impacts ( positive impacts 4. ...read more.


Recent research has been shown that tourism in Wales is undergoing some structural changes, with the traditional long summer holiday now been taken abroad. At the same time a tendency by the British to take multiple holidays has resulted in a growth in short breaks and additional holidays, and this change could represent a growth market for Anglesey and although the local council are trying to address this problem, this report has revealed that local agents and tour operators are not promoting these options enough. Therefore the income that Anglesey's and in particular Cemaes Bay receives from tourism is very seasonal, consequentially local residents are not benefiting from a steady, all year income and it should be considered that promoting a diverse tourism product, in particular concentrating on niche markets would help build activity in the off peak periods. Anglesey Council [on line] It must also be considered that although this report has shown some significant social and environmental issues that were caused by the family's visit, these impacts could have been limited by providing more detailed information about such impacts and an environmental policy should be introduced by the agent, with independent cottage owner becoming more involved with such policies. The local council could also help prevent such impacts by promoting local public transport to the tourist. They could do this be introducing a coastal shuttle bus service in peak months which would help improve congestion and pollution from tourists vehicles. Probably one of the most emotive aspects of the tourists visit to this destination is the decline of the welsh language and many traditional welsh speaking residents feel very bitter towards English speaking visitors. However it must be considered that if Anglesey and Cemeas Bay are going to continue benefiting financially from tourists, they should look at ways in which they could encourage the tourists to learn Welsh phrases which would encourage them to speak Welsh to locals. They could also look at ways in which the tourist could become more integrated into the local community which would not have negative impacts on the local community. 6. ...read more.

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